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AJC Surveys of American Jewish Opinion

(1993 - 2019)

Party ID
American Jewish Relations with Israeli Jews
How President Handles US-Israel Relations
Iran
Peace
Jerusalem
Golan Heights
Jewish Identity
Security and Anti-Semitism
Lebanon
World Affairs And Transatlantic Relations
Terrorism
Domestic Campaign Issues
Iraq
Islamic World
International Jewish Issues
Holocaust

Party ID

In U.S. politics today, do you consider yourself a...?

  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
2018
2019
Republican
18%
16%
16%
16%
15%
15%
17%

16%

18%
Democrat
48%
51%
54%
54%
54%
58%
56%

51%

49%
Independent
32%
31%
29%
29%
29%
26%
25%

24%

20%
Don't Know/No Response
2%
1%
2%
1%
3%
2%
2%

9%

2%

Where would you place yourself on this scale?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2018
Extremely Liberal
4%
4%
5%
7%
4%
4%
5%
 
Liberal
19%
19%
23%
22%
26%
23%
28%

37%

Lean/Slightly Liberal
14%
17%
17%
15%
12%
16%
11%

14%

Total Liberal
37%
40%
45%
44%
42%
43%
44%
51%
Moderate
34%
33%
30%
29%
32%
31%
30%

25%

Lean/Slightly Conservative
15%
13%
12%
12%
10%
9%
10%

6%

Conservative
12%
12%
9%
11%
12%
13%
12%

16%

Extremely Conservative
2%
2%
2%
3%
3%
3%
2%
 
Total Conservative
29%
27%
23%
26%
25%
23%
24%
22%

Who did you vote for for President in 2016?

 
2018
Hillary Clinton

60%

Donald Trump

19%

Another Candidate

6%

Didn't Vote

11%

American Jewish Relations with Israeli Jews

Looking ahead five years, do you think that the ties between American and Israeli Jews will be...?

 
2000*
2002*
2003*
2004*
2018
2019
Stronger Than Today
32%
38%
36%
29%

20%

18%
Weaker Than Today
12%
8%
9%
10%

15%

24%
About The Same
50%
53%
53%
59%

60%

53%

Don't Know/No Response
 
6%
2%
2%
2%
5%
4%

#Different wording - Becoming closer, Drifting apart, Neither, Not sure

Using the metaphor of a family, do you consider Israeli Jews as your...?

 
2018
2019
Siblings

12%

13%
First Cousins

15%

15%
Extended Family

39%

43%

Not Part of my Family
 
31%
28%

Don't Know/No Response
 
2%
1%

Do you have family in Israel with whom you feel close?

 
2018
2019
Yes

25%

28%
No

74%

72%

How close do you feel to Israel?

 
2000
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
Very close
28%
29%
31%
31%
36%
37%
30%
29%
Fairly close
46%
44%
43%
44%
41%
39%
40%
38%
Fairly distant
18%
20%
18%
19%
18%
16%
21%
23%
Very distant
7%
6%
8%
6%
5%
6%
8%
8%
Not sure
1%
1%
1%
0%
1%
2%
1%
2%

Do you think that a thriving Diaspora is vital for the long-term future of the Jewish people?

 
2018
2019
Yes

69%

65%
No

17%

16%

Don't Know/No Response
 
14%
17%

Do you think that a thriving State of Israel is vital for the long-term future of the Jewish people?

 
2018
2019
Yes

79%

72%
No

17%

25%
Don't Know/No Response

3%

4%

Do you think it appropriate for American Jews to attempt to influence Israeli policy on such issues as national security and peace negotiations with the Palestinians?

 
2018
2019
Yes, it is Appropriate

53%

57%
No, it is Not Appropriate

43%

40%
Don't Know/No Response

4%

4%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Regardless of their individual views on the peace negotiations with the Arabs, American Jews should support the policies of the duly elected government of Israel."

 
2004
2003
2002
2000
Agree
63%
63%
61%
62%
Disagree
33%
34%
36%
32%
Not sure
3%
4%
4%
7%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Israel no longer needs the financial support of American Jews."

 
2000
Agree 10%
Disagree 87%
Not sure 2%

Have you ever visited Israel?

 
2000
2002
2005
2019
No
58%
63%
59%

59%

Yes, once
23%
20%
20%

16%

Yes, more than once 1
20%
17%
20%

15%

Yes, at least five times
 
 
 
10%

(If answered never been to Israel) Why have you never been to Israel?

 
2005
Personal safety concerns
20%
Lack of interest
18%
Travel costs
49%
Hostility to Israel
2%
Not sure
11%

In your opinion, can the State of Israel be both a Jewish state and a democracy, and if not, which should it be?

 
2018
It Can be Both

68%

It Should Just be a Jewish State

7%

It Should Just be a Democracy

20%

Don't Know/No Response

4%

Do you think the fact that Orthodox Judaism is the only denomination recognized by Israel as an official form of Judaism...?

 
2018
Strengthens Ties Between U.S. and Israeli Jews

7%

Weakens Ties Between U.S. and Israeli Jews

53%

Has no Effect

35%

Don't Know/No Response

4%

Currently, Jewish weddings, divorces, and conversions to Judaism in Israel are recognized only if Orthodox rabbis officiate. Should non-Orthodox rabbis also be permitted to officiate?

 
2018
Yes

80%

No

17%

Don't Know/No Response

3%

Currently, Israeli law does not allow for civil [secular] marriage and divorce. Should the law be changed, and civil marriage and divorce allowed?

 
2018
Yes

81%

No

13%

Don't Know/No Response

5%

Currently, prayer services at the Western Wall in Jerusalem—a site holy to Jews—are conducted according to Orthodox tradition, with men and women separated by a barrier. Do you support or oppose a mixed-gender prayer area adjacent to the Western Wall administered on an equal basis with the services at the Wall itself?

 
2018
Support

73%

Oppose

21%

Don't Know/No Response

6%

Tension between secular and ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel is becoming sharper. In your view, who is principally responsible for this increase in tension?

 
2000
Secular israelis 7%
Ultra-Orthodox Israelis 72%
Both equally 12%
Not sure 9%

Which one of the following qualities do you consider most important to your Jewish identity?

 
2002
2003
2004
Being part of the Jewish people
41%
41%
43%
Religious observance
13%
16%
14%
Support for Israel
5%
6%
6%
A committment to social justice
21%
19%
20%
Something else
18%
17%
16%
Not sure
2%
2%
1%

Please rate the importance of each of the following to your Jewish identity, indicating whether it is extremely important, very important, somewhat important, or not important. (American Jewish Committee)

 
Participation in synagogue services
Jewish Study
Travel to Israel
Jewish organizational activity
Celebration of Jewish holidays
Remembrance of the Holocaust
Extremely important    
 
 
 
 

2005

10%
10%
5%
6%
21%
25%
Very important
 
 
 
 
 
 

2005

30%
32%
24%
28%
49%
58%
Somewhat important
 
 
 
 
 
 

2005

34%
41%
38%
42%
25%
15%
Not important
 
 
 
 
 
 

2005

26%
17%
32%
24%
5%
2%

In your opinion, which is a greater threat to Jewish life in the United States today--intermarriage or anti-Semitism?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
Intermarriage
31%
27%
32%
33%
Anti-Semitism
66%
68%
66%
62%
Both equally Vol.)
2%
3%
2%
3%
Not sure
2%
2%
1%
2%

Do you belong to a synagogue or temple?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
Yes
51%
50%
51%
57%
53%
50%
No
49%
50%
49%
43%
46%
50%

How President and Prime Minister Handles US-Israel Relations

Do you approve or disapprove of the way President Trump is handling US-Israel Relations?

 
2018
2019
Approve Strongly

21%

22%
Approve Somewhat

13%

14%
Disapprove Somewhat

16%

14%
Disapprove Strongly

41%

45%
Don't Know/No Response

8%

4%

Is your opinion of the job President Trump is doing favorable or unfavorable?

 
2018
2019
Favorable

26%

26%
Unfavorable

71%

71%

Don't Know/No Response
 
3%
2%

Do you approve or disapprove of the Obama Administration's handling of US-Israel relations?

 
2009
2010
Approve
54%
55%
Disapprove
32%
37%
Not sure
14%
8%

Do you agree or disagree with the Obama Administration’s call for a stop to all new Israeli settlement construction?

Agree
41%
Disagree
51%
Not sure
8%

Do you approve or disapprove of the Netanyahu government's handling of US-Israel relations?

 
2009
2010
Approve
59%
57%
Disapprove
23%
30%
Not sure
17%
12%

How would you characterize relations between Israel and the United States today? Are they very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative, or very negative?

 
1997
1998
1999
2000
2002
2003
2004
2005
Very positive
23%
14%
15%
20%
21%
15%
13%
21%
Somewhat positive
67%
70%
70%
70%
69%
71%
71%
65%
Somewhat negative
9%
14%
14%
7%
9%
13%
14%
12%
Very negative
0%
1%
1%
0%
1%
1%
1%
1%
Not sure
0%
1%
1%
2%
1%
1%
1%
1%

Iran

Do you approve or disapprove of the Obama Administration's handling of the Iran nuclear issue?

 
2009
2010
Approve
49%
47%
Disapprove
35%
42%
Not sure
15%
11%

Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United States government is handling the situation with Iran's nuclear weapons program?

 
2006
Approve
33%
Disapprove
54%
Not sure
13%

How concerned are you about the prospect of Iran obtaining nuclear weapons? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, not concerned, or not concerned at all?

 
2007
Very concerned
59%
Somewhat concerned
33%
Not concerned
7%
Not sure
0%

Would you support or oppose the United States taking military action against Iran to prevent it from developing nuclear weapons?

 
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
Support
49%
38%
35%
42%
56%
53%
Oppose
46%
54%
57%
47%
36%
42%
Not sure
6%
8%
8%
11%
7%
4%

Would you support or oppose the Israel taking military action against Iran to prevent it from developing nuclear weapons?

 
2009
2010
Support
66%
62%
Oppose
28%
33%
Not sure
5%
5%

How much of a chance do you think there is that a combination of diplomacy and sanctions can stop Iran from developing nuclear weapons?*(2010)

Good chance
5%
Some chance
27%
Little chance
45%
No chance
23%
Not sure
1%

Peace

In the current situation, do you favor or oppose a two-state solution through the establishment of a demilitarized Palestinian state on the West Bank?

 
1993*
1994*
1995*
1998*
1999*
2002*
2003*
2004*
2005*
2006*
2007*
2009
2010
2018
2019
Favor Strongly                      
 
 

31%

33%
Favor Somewhat                          

28%

31%
Total Favor
57%
53%
46%
42%
44%
49%
54%
57%
56%
54%
46%
49%
48%
59%
66%
Oppose Somewhat
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   

12%

12%
Oppose Strongly
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   

18%

14%
Total Oppose
30%
34%
39%
49%
47%
47%
41%
37%
38%
38%
43%
41%
45%
30%
26%
Don't Know/No Response
13%
13%
15%
9%
9%
5%
5%
6%
6%
9%
12%
1%
7%

10%

10%

*Different wording, which notably excludes mention of demilitarization, which would be expected to increase favorability. Also asked only favor/oppose. In the current situation, do you favor or oppose the establishment of a Palestinian state?

As part of a peace agreement with the Palestinians, should Israel be willing to dismantle all, some, or none of the Jewish settlements in the West Bank?

 
1994*
1995
1998
1999
2002
2003
2004
2005
2009
2010
2018
2019
Yes, All 37% 5% 5% 5% 10% 12% 12% 15%
8%
8%

15%

25%
Some   52% 52% 53% 55% 57% 57% 46%
52%
56%

44%

41%
None 52% 39% 40% 40% 34% 29% 29% 36%
37%
34%

35%

28%
Don't Know/No Response 8% 5% 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 3%
2%
2%

6%

7%

*The question in 1994 combined the West Bank with Gaza and asked for a yes/no answer. "Yes" replies compare to the sum of "All" and "Some" replies in the other surveys.

Looking ahead five years, do you think that the chances for peaceful coexistence between Israel and a Palestinian state will...?

 
2018
2019
Improve

18%

19%
Decline

22%

27%
Stay The Same

56%

51%
Don't Know/No Response

3%

3%

Do you think there will or will not come a time when Israel and its Arab neighbors will be able to settle their differences and live in peace?

 
2008
2007
Will
38%
37%
Will not
56%
55%
Not sure
6%
8%

Do you think that negotiations between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas can or cannot lead to peace in the forseeable future?

 
2007
Can
36%
Cannot
55%
Not sure
9%

Do you think that Israel can or cannot achieve peace with a Hamas-led Palestinian government?

 
2007
2008
2009
2010
Can
17%
22%
17%
16%
Cannot
74%
68%
79%
80%
Not sure
9%
10%
4%
4%

Should the Palestinians be required or not be required to recognize Israel as a Jewish state in a final peace agreement?

 
2009
2010
Required
94%
94%
Not required
5%
3%
Not sure
2%
1%

Do you support or oppose the Israeli government's decision to unilaterally withdraw from the Gaza Strip?

 
2004
Support 65%
Oppose 28%
Not sure 7%

Do you support or oppose the Israeli government's decision to build a security fence separating Israelis and Palestinians?

 
2005
2004
Support 73% 69%
Oppose 24% 28%
Not sure 3% 3%

To what extent do each of the following Arab leaders support or oppose peace with Israel?

 
President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt
President Bashar Assad of Syria
King Abdullah of Jordan
PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas
Strongly support    
 
 
 

2005

12%
1%
21%
 
5%

2002

8%
1%
12%
1%
 

2000

19%
2%
17%
7%
 
Somewhat support
 
 
 
 
 

2005

48%
10%
42%
 
29%

2002

50%
13%
46%
7%
 

2000

48%
17%
44%
33%
 
Somewhat oppose
 
 
 
 
 

2005

19%
22%
18%
 
26%

2002

24%
32%
22%
20%
 

2000

12%
28%
13%
25%
 
Strongly oppose
 
 
 
 
 

2005

9%
51%
10%
 
28%

2002

8%
39%
9%
70%
 

2000

6%
28%
8%
28%
 
Not sure
 
 
 
 
 

2005

12%
17%
11%
 
13%

2002

10%
15%
11%
3%
 

2000

15%
25%
19%
8%
 

Overall, do you support or oppose the Israeli government's handling of the peace negotiations with the Arabs?

 
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997*
1998*
2000
2003+
Support 84 77 68 79 61 66 59 60
Oppose 9 10 15 13 24 27 24 32
Not sure 8 14 17 8 15 7 17 8

*The question in 1997 began by first noting the election of Netanyahu, then inserting his name in place of the word "Israeli." In 1998, "Netanyahu was used instead of "Israeli."
+The question in 2003 asked about negotiations with "the Palestinian Authority" and not "the Arabs."

If the Palestinian Authority (PLO) unilaterally declares statehood, what response by Israel would you most favor?

 
2000
Israel should accept the declaration of statehood 24%
Israel should break off negotiations with the Palestinians 28%
Israel should annex the remainder of the West Bank 17%
Other 18%
Not sure 13%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? “The goal of the Arabs is not the return of occupied territories but rather the destruction of Israel.”

 
1993
1994
1995
1998
1999
2000
2002
2003
2005
2006
2007
2009
2010
Agree
42%
51%
56%
68%
66%
69%
82%
81%
78%
81%
82%
75%
75%
Disagree
50%
41%
37%
24%
27%
23%
15%
16%
18%
13%
12%
19%
20%
Not sure
9%
8%
7%
7%
7%
8%
4%
3%
5%
6%
6%
5%
5%

Is the Palestinian Authority (PLO) doing enough or not doing enough to control terrorist activity against Israel by Hamas and other Palestinian extremist groups?

 
1995
1996
1998
1999
2002
Is doing enough 5%
9%
3%
6%
1%
Is not doing enough 91%
82%
94%
91%
98%
Not sure 4%
9%
3%
4%
1%

How concerned are you that the United States will pressure Israel to make concessions to the Palestinians in order to keep the Arab countries in the anti-terrorist coalition? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not concerned at all? (2002)

Very concerned 35%
Somewhat concerned 47%
Not concerned at all 18%
Not sure 0%

As compared with one year ago, are you now more optimistic about the chance for a lasting peace between Israel and the Arabs, less optimistic, or do you think the chance for a lasting peace is about the same as it was one year ago?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
2009
2010
More optimistic now
2%
5%
5%
21%
12%
6%
Less optimistic now
49%
37%
34%
19%
23%
22%
Same as one year ago
49%
58%
61%
59%
65%
72%
Not sure
0%
0%
0%
1%
1%
1%

Do you support or oppose the Israeli government's current handling of relations with Yasir Arafat's Palestinian Authority? [...with the Palestinian Authority? 2004]

 
2005
2004
2003
2002
Support
67%
63%
60%
67%
Oppose
26%
28%
32%
29%
Not sure
7%
9%
8%
5%

Do you think there will or will not come a time when Israel and the Arabs will be able to settle their differences and live in peace?

 
2006
2007
2009
Will 38%
37%
43%
Will not 56%
55%
51%
Not sure 6%
8%
6%

Jerusalem

Do you support or oppose the recent U.S. decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and to relocate the U.S. embassy there?

 
2018
Support

46%

Oppose

47%

Don't Know/No Response

6%

In the framework of a permanent peace with the Palestinians, should Israel be willing to compromise on the status of Jerusalem as a united city under Israeli jurisdiction?

 
1993
1994
1995
1998
1999
2000
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2009
2010
Yes 30% 32% 33% 33% 42% 36%
41%
42%
42%
36%
40%
36%
37%
35%
No 62% 60% 62% 61% 55% 57%
55%
54%
53%
60%
52%
58%
58%
61%
Not sure 8% 8% 5% 5% 4% 7%
4%
4%
5%
5%
7%
7%
6%
4%

If yes, to previous question) In the framework of a permanent peace with the Palestinians, should Israel be willing to relinquish sovereignty of the Old City of Jerusalem?

 
2000
Yes 17%
No 76%
Not sure 7%

Golan Heights

Do you support or oppose the recent American recognition of the Golan Heights as Israeli territory?

 
2019
Support

50%

Oppose

39%

Don't Know/No Response

11%

How much land should Israel be willing to give up on the Golan Heights in order to reach a peace agreement with Syria?

 
1993
1994
1995
1998
1999
All of it 2 3 2 2 2
Most of it 5 4 3 3 4
Some of it 29 27 26 23 23
Only a small part of it 30 27 28 26 32
None of it 27 32 33 42 37
Not sure 6 7 7 3 2

Jewish Identity

How important is being Jewish in your life?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2018
2019
Very Important
50%
54%
50%
55%
61%
61%
50%

40%

41%

Somewhat/Fairly Important

38%
34%
38%
33%
28%
29%
36%

37%

35%
Total Important
88%
88%
88%
88%
89%
90%
86%
77%
76%
Not Too/Very Important
12%
12%
11%
12%
10%
10%
13%

17%

17%
Not At All Important              

6%

7%
Total Not Important              
23%
24%
Not Sure/No Opinion*          
 
1%

1%

 

* Added in 2008
Wording of answer changed slightly.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: “Caring about Israel is a very important part of my being a Jew.”

 
2000*
2002*
2003*
2004*
2005*
2006*
2007
2018
2019
Strongly Agree              

41%

38%
Somewhat Agree              

29%

24%
Total Agree
80%
73%
76%
74%
79%
74%
69%
70%
62%

Somewhat Disagree

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

19%

20%
Strongly Disagree
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

9%

15%
Total Disagree
18%
26%
22%
25%
19%
25%
28
28%
35%

No opinion
2%
1%
2%
1%
1%
2%
3%
2%
2%

Only recorded agree and disagree

Do you consider being Jewish mostly a matter of religion, or more a matter of ethnicity and culture?

 
2018
2019
Religion

24%

24%
Ethnicity and Culture

56%

59%
Both Equally

17%

16%
Don't Know/No Response

2%

1%

Do you identify as...?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2018
2019
Haredi (Ultra-Orthodox)              

6%

7%
Modern Orthodox              

5%

3%
Orthodox / Total Orthodox
7%
8%
7%
10%
8%
8%
8%
11%
10%
Conservative
31%
33%
31%
32%
33%
29%
28%

14%

13%
Reform
30%
30%
29%
29%
31%
30%
30%

29%

29%

Reconstructionist
 
2%
2%
2%
2%
2%
2%
1%
3%
3%

Secular / Just Jewish
 
30%
28%
30%
26%
24%
29%
31%
16%
21%

Other
 
         
2%
2%
25%
23%

Security and Anti-Semitism

Compared to a year ago, do you think Americans are more united or more divided over their most important values?

 
2019
More united than a year ago
10%
More divided than a year ago
81%
About the same as a year ago
6%
No Opinion
2%

Compared to a year ago, is the status of Jews in the United States more secure or less secure?

 
2018
2019
More secure

18%

15%
Less secure

55%

65%
About the same

24%

17%
No Opinion

3%

3%

Compared to a year ago, is the climate on college campuses less hostile or more hostile toward pro-Israel students?

 
2018
2019
Less hostile

10%

9%
More hostile

53%

57%
About the same

14%

17%
No Opinion

22%

18%

Do you think that anti-Semitism on American college campuses is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
Very serious problem
23%
28%
24%
25%
Somewhat of a problem
57%
54%
56%
54%
Not a problem at all
12%
11%
12%
13%
Not sure
7%
8%
8%
9%

Do you think anti-Semitism in the United States is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2010
Very serious problem
29%
37%
27%
27%
26%
27%
23%
25%
Somewhat of a problem
66%
60%
67%
65%
65%
60%
63%
66%
Not a problem at all
5%
3%
6%
8%
9%
12%
14%
9%
Not sure
0%
0%
0%
0%
1%
2%
1%
0%

Anti-Semitic incidents have become more frequent in Europe. Do you think that Jews have a future as Jews in Europe, or should they leave now? [slightly different wording in different polls]

 
2018
2019
Jews Have a Future in Europe

75%

75%

Jews in Europe Should Leave Now

17%

17%

Don't Know/No Response

8%

8%

Do you think anti-Semitism in Europe is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?

 
2002
2003
2010
Very serious problem
41%
55%
51%
Somewhat of a problem
53%
41%
44%
Not a problem at all
3%
2%
3%
Not sure
3%
2%
2%

Do you think that anti-Semitism around the world is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?

 
2009
Very serious problem
56%
Somewhat of a problem
43%
Not a problem at all
1%
Not sure
1%

I am going to name some countries around the world. In each case tell me whether anti-Semitism in the country is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all. (American Jewish Committee)

 
Germany
Mexico
France
China
Great Britain
India
Russia
Turkey
Japan
Very serious problem    
 
 
 
 
     

2005

24%
2%
54%
5%
7%
4%
29%
14%
2%
Somewhat of a problem
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2005

64%
44%
38%
38%
57%
42%
58%
61%
54%
Not a problem at all
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2005

8%
45%
6%
46%
33%
43%
10%
15%
34%
Not Sure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2005

3%
10%
2%
11%
3%
12%
3%
10%
11%

Does the involvement of the United States in global affairs make our country more safe or less safe?

 
2018
More

64%

Less

29%

Don't Know/No Response

8%

In your opinion, which foreign nation poses the single greatest danger to the United States?

 
2018
2019
China

10%

21%
Iran

18%

14%
North Korea

17%

12%
Russia

44%

36%

Another Country
 
7%
10%

Don't Know/No Response
 
4%
7%

From the standpoint of national security, compared to a year ago, is the United States more secure or less secure?

 
2018
More

27%

Less

58%

The Same

13%


Don't Know/No Response
 
2%

Looking ahead over the next several years, do you think that anti-Semitism in the United States will increase greatly, increase somewhat, remain the same, decrease somewhat, or decrease greatly?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
2007
Increase greatly
9%
10%
9%
7%
18%
Increase somewhat
35%
39%
33%
33%
37%
Remain the same
46%
42%
45%
48%
36%
Decrease somewhat
8%
7%
9%
9%
5%
Decrease greatly
1%
1%
2%
1%
1%
Not sure
2%
1%
3%
2%
4%

Looking ahead over the next several years, do you think that anti-Semitism around the world will increase greatly, increase somewhat, remain the same, decrease somewhat, or decrease greatly?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2009
2010
Increase greatly
13%
20%
19%
16%
17%
15%
14%
Increase somewhat
42%
47%
42%
38%
36%
30%
36%
Remain the same
38%
26%
31%
40%
36%
42%
41%
Decrease somewhat
5%
4%
6%
5%
7%
9%
7%
Decrease greatly
1%
1%
1%
1%
1%
1%
1%
Not sure
2%
2%
2%
1%
3%
2%
1%

In your opinion, what proportion of each of the following groups in the United States is anti-Semitic? most, many, some, very few, or none?

 
Most (2007)

Aggregate# (2007)

Most
(2006)
Aggregate#
(2006)
Most
(2005)
Aggregate#
(2005)
Most
(2004)
Aggregate#
(2004)
Most
(2003)
Aggregate#
(2003)
Most
(2002)
Aggregate#
(2002)
Asians
2%
35%
2%
43%
1%
43%
2%
44%
2%
46%
2%
38%
Muslims
31%
84%
32%
88%
31%
88%
36%
91%
28%
88%
31%
80%
Hispanics
2%
46%
2%
54%
2%
58%
4%
63%
3%
60%
3%
56%
Blacks
7%
69%
5%
76%
5%
73%
7%
78%
6%
76%
6%
76%
Evangelical Protestants*
9%
61%
9%
65%
13%
72%
10%
70%
20%
78%
19%
76%
Catholics
4%
62%
5%
68%
5%
71%
4%
75%
5%
73%
4%
70%
Mormons**
 
 
 
 
5%
53%
4%
69%
3%
65%

#Sum of Most, Many and Some
*Changed in 2004 to Evangelical Protestants from The Religious Right
**Changed in 2004 to Mormons from Mainstream Protestants

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Virtually all positions of influence in the United States are open to Jews."

 
2002
Agree
56%
Disagree
44%
Not sure
0%

Do you think that anti-Semitism at the United Nations is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?

 
2002
Very serious problem
29%
Somewhat of problem
55%
Not a problem at all
13%
Not sure
4%

Lebanon

In the fighting between Hezbollah and Israel in Lebanon, who emerged the winner?

 
2006
Hezbollah 15%
Israel 24%
Neither (vol.) 49%
Both (vol.) 2%
Not sure 10%

Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Israeli government has handled the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon?

 
2006
Approve 55%
Disapprove 35%
Not sure 10%

Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United States government has handled the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon?

 
2006
Approve 53%
Disapprove 39%
Not sure 8%

Do you think that the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon is likely to lead to a larger war involving other countries in the Middle East or not?

 
2006
Yes, likely 46%
No, not likely 44%
Not sure 10%

In your opinion, does the United Nations treat Israel fairly or unfairly in its deliberations?

 
2007
2006
Fairly
27%
27%
Unfairly
61%
66%
Not sure
12%
7%

World Affairs And Transatlantic Relations

How desirable is it that the United States exerts strong leadership in world affairs? Is it very desirable, somewhat desirable, somewhat undesirable, or very undesirable?

 
2004
2003
Very desirable
45%
43%
Somewhat desirable
42%
44%
Somewhat undesirable
2%
8%
Very undesirable
9%
3%
Not sure
1%
1%

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "When dealing with common problems, the United States and Europe should be more willing to make decisions jointly, even if this means that the United States, as well as Europe, will sometimes have to go along with a policy that is not its first choice."

 
2004
2003
Agree
77%
75%
Disagree
21%
22%
Not sure
3%
3%

In general, in responding to international crises, do you think the United States should or should not act alone, if it does not have the support of its allies?

 
2004
2003
Should act alone
33%
37%
Should not act alone
64%
60%
Not sure
3%
3%

Do you believe that the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon reflect the true teachings of Islam?

 
2003
Yes
19%
No
76%
Not sure
5%

Terrorism

Do you approve or disapprove of the way President George W. Bush is handling the U.S. campaign against terrorism?

 
2004*
2003
2002
Approve
42%
41%
59%
Disapprove
52%
54%
37%
Not sure
6%
5%
5%

*Do you approve or disapprove of the way the United States government is handling the campaign against terrorism?

Compared to one year ago, do you feel more safe from the threat of terrorism, less safe, or about as safe as you felt one year ago?

 
2006
2007
More
8%
5%
Less
31%
22%
Same
61%
73%
Not sure
0%
1%

Do you think that Americans will or will not have to give up some of their personal freedoms in order to make the country safe from terrorist attacks?

 
2002
Will
78
Will not
20
Not sure
2

Here are some increased powers of investigation that law enforcement agencies might use when dealing with people suspected of terrorist activity, which would also affect our civil liberties. For each, please say if you would favor or oppose it.

 
2002
2002
2002
 
Favor
Oppose
Not sure
Expanded undercover activities to penetrate groups under suspicious
86
12
2
Adoption of a national I.D. system for all U.S. citizens
67
30
3
Expanded camera surveillance on streets and in public places
65
33
3
Profiling of people and searching them based on their nationality, race, or religion
35
62
2

Regardless of how you usually vote, do you think the Republican party or the Democratic party is more likely to make the right decision when it comes to dealing with terrorism?

 
2007
2006
Republican
30%
28%
Democrat
53%
51%
Both (vol.)
2%
5%
Neither (vol.)
8%
10%
Not sure
7%
6%

Domestic Campaign Issues

Which one issue would you most like to hear the candidates for president discuss during the 2008 presidential campaign? ( September 8-21, 2008)

Economy
54%
War in Iraq
6%
Health Care
11%
Immigration
2%
Energy
5%
Education
2%
Israel
3%
Taxes
2%
Social Security
2%
Supreme Court Nominations
1%
Terrorism
5%
Not Sure
6%

Regardless of how you usually vote, do you think the Republican Party or the Democratic Party is more likely to make the right decision in dealing with the following issues? September 8-21, 2008)

 
Republican
Democratic
Not Sure
Terrorism
36%
53%
11%
Ensuring a strong economy
28%
62%
10%
Support for Israel
32%
52%
16%
Energy independence
26%
63%
11%
War in Iraq
31%
61%
7%

What is the most important problem facing the United States today? Please select one of the following.

 
2007
War in Iraq
16%
Economy and jobs
22%
Terrorism and national security
15%
Health care
19%
Immigration
8%
Education
8%
Energy crisis
7%
Not sure
4%

In deciding who you would like to see elected president next year, which issue will be most important to you? Please select one of the following.

 
2007
War in Iraq
16%
Economy and jobs
23%
Terrorism and national security
14%
Health care
19%
Support for Israel
6%
Immigration
6%
Education
4%
Energy crisis
6%
Not sure
5%

Which comes closest to your view about what the government policy should be towards illegal immigrants currently residing in the United States? Should the government deport all illegal immigrants back to their home country, OR allow illegal immigrants to remain in the United States in order to work but only for a limited amount of time, OR allow illegal immigrants to remain in the United States and become U.S. citizens but only if they meet certain requirements over a period of time?

 
2006
2007
Deport all
14%
15%
Remain to work for limited amount of time
17%
14%
Remain to work if meet certain criteria
66%
67%
Not sure
3%
4%

How serious a problem do you think the issue of illegal immigration is for the United States right now — very serious, somewhat serious, not too serious, or not a problem at all?

 
2006
2007
Very serious problem
40%
42%
Somewhat serious problem
38%
37%
Not too serious problem
17%
16%
Not a problem at all
4%
5%
Not sure
1%
0%

When the Senate votes on a Supreme court nominee, should it consider only that person’s legal qualifications and background, or along with legal background, should the Senate also consider how that nominee might vote on major issues the Supreme Court decides?

 
2005
Legal Only
27%
Issues, too
70%
Not sure
3%

If a nominee for the U.S. Supreme Court favors overturning the Roe v. Wade decision on abortion, in your view, should that alone disqualify that person from serving on the Supreme Court, or not?

 
2005
Should
50%
Should not
49%
Not sure
2%

Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot?

 
2003
2002
Increased a lot
4
3
Increased a little
11
9
Left the same as it is now
43
43
Decreased a little
21
21
Decreased a lot
20
22
Not sure
2
2

Which do you think is better for the United States - to encourage immigrants to blend into American culture by giving up some important aspects of their own culture, or to encourage immigrants to maintain their own culture more strongly, even if that means they do not blend in as well?

 
2002
Blend in
61%
Maintain own culture
31%
Both
4%
Not sure
4%

Do you think that the government should or should not provide taxpayer funds for social service programs run by religious institutions, such as churches or synagogues?

 
2002
2003
2005
Should
24%
25%
32%
Should not
73%
73%
66%
Not sure
3%
 
3%

Do you favor or oppose government aid to parochial or other religious schools?

 
2002
2003
2004
Favor
22%
25%
25%
Oppose
76%
73%
72%
Not sure
2%
2%
3%

Which comes closest to your view? Gay couples should be allowed to legally marry. OR, Gay couples should be allowed to form civil unions but not legally marry. OR, There should be no legal recognition of a gay couple's relationship? (2004)

Legal marriage
49%
Civil union
36%
No legal recognition
13%
Not sure
2%

Would you favor or oppose an amendment to the United States Constitution that defines marriage as a union only between a man and a woman and makes same-sex marriages unconstitutional? (2004)

Favor
24%
Oppose
74%
Not sure
2%

A federal appeals court has ruled that the Pledge of Allegiance is unconstitutional and cannot be recited in schools because the phrase 'under God' violates the separation of church and state. Do you think the phrase 'under God' should or should not be part of the Pledge of Allegiance? (2003)

Should
66%
Should not
31%
Not sure
3%

In your opinion, how important is it that the United States achieve energy independence? Is it very important, somewhat important, or not important at all?

 
2002
2003
2005
2006
Very important
71%
73%
77%
81%
Somewhat important
27%
24%
21%
18%
Not important
2%
2%
1%
1%
Don't Know/Not Application
1%
1%
0%
1%

What is the best way for the United States to handle its energy needs--by encouraging greater energy production, by encouraging greater energy conservation, or both equally?

 
2002
2005
2006
2008
Greater energy production
6%
6%
5%
7%
Greater energy conservation
18%
11%
9%
6%
Developing alternative energy sources*  
72%
74%
75%
Both equally / All Three*
75%
11%
11%
10%
Don't Know/No Answer
1%
1%
2%
2%


*Added in 2005

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "The United States should develop independent sources of energy even at the risk of damaging the environment."

 
2007
Agree
22%
Disagree
73%
Not sure
5%

Iraq

Do you approve or disapprove of the war with Iraq?

 
2002*
2003**
2004
2005
Approve
59%
43%
30%
28%
Disapprove
36%
54%
66%
70%
Not sure
5%
3%
4%
2%

*Do you approve or disapprove of the United States taking military action against Iraq to try and remove Saddam Hussein from power?
*(Do you approve or disapprove of the war with Iraq?

In your opinion, do you think that a war between the United States and Iraq is likely to lead to a larger war between other countries in the Middle East?

  2002
Yes, likely 56
No, not likely 41
Not sure 3

As you may know, the United States has sent more than 20,000 additional troops to Iraq. From what you have heard or read, would you say this troop increase is making the situation in Iraq better, making it worse, or is it having no impact on the situation in Iraq so far?

 
2007
Better
30%
Worse
16%
No impact
52%
Not sure
3%

Which of these do you think is most likely? Iraq will become a stable democracy in the next year or two, OR Iraq will become a stable democracy, but it will take longer than a year or two, OR Iraq will probably never become a stable democracy?

  2006
Will in the next year or two
3%
Will take longer than a year or two
27%
Will never become a stable democracy
66%
Not sure
4%

If the United States takes military action against Iraq, do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States will increase, decrease, or stay about the same? 2002)
Do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States has increased, decreased, or stayed about the same as a result of the war with Iraq?

 
2002
2003
2004
Increased
62%
42%
57%
Decreased
6%
9%
37%
Stay about the same
32%
48%
35%
Not sure
1%
1%
1%

In your opinion, do you think that a war between the United States and Iraq is likely to lead to a larger war between other countries in the Middle East?

 
2002
Yes, likely
56%
No, not likely
41%
Not sure
3%

Islamic World

Do you agree or disagree with those who claim that the West and the Muslim world are engaged in a clash of civilizations?

 
2002
2007
Agree
64%
63%
Disagree
29%
26%
Not sure
7%
10%

Do you think that anti-Semitism in the Muslim world is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?

 
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2010
Very serious problem
75%
77%
72%
76%
73%
68%
87%
Somewhat of a problem
22%
20%
22%
22%
23%
30%
11%
Not a problem at all
2%
2%
2%
1%
2%
1%
1%
Not sure
2%
1%
2%
1%
3%
1%
1%

International Jewish Issues

I would like your opinion of some countries today. Is your overall opinion of INSERT COUNTRY) very favorable, somewhat favorable, neutral, somewhat unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (2002)

I would like you to rate your feelings toward some countries, institutions and people, with one hundred meaning a very warm, favorable feeling, zero meaning a very cold, unfavorable feeling, and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred. How would you rate your feelings toward [ ]. (2003/04)

 
Mean Score (2005)
Mean Score (2004)
Mean Score (2003)
Very favorable (2002)
Some what favorable (2002)
Neutral (2002)
Somewhat unfavorable (2002)
Very unfavorable (2002)
Not sure (2002)
United States
82
84
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Iran
 
 
27
1
2
11
30
56
0
Australia
 
 
 
50
29
19
1
1
1
Saudi Arabia
 
 
29
0
7
18
37
37
1
Germany
50
47
45
5
28
39
19
9
1
Jordan
 
 
43
4
27
32
27
10
1
Egypt
 
 
45
2
23
35
29
10
1
Great Britain
 
77
77
57
29
11
2
1
0
Pakistan
 
 
 
1
10
27
37
24
1
Russia
 
52
51
3
31
46
17
3
1
France
37
35
33
8
22
27
27
15
1
The Vatican
54
45
51
6
18
42
22
11
2
Syria
 
 
24
1
4
18
32
44
1
Turkey
51
 
52
6
28
43
18
4
2
India
57
 
55
4
25
47
20
3
1
China
46
 
44
1
19
39
29
10
1
Bulgaria
 
 
 
2
10
68
10
3
8
The European Union
 
57
54
--
--
--
--
--
--
Poland
 
56
56
--
--
--
--
--
--
The Palestinians Palestinian Authority)
 
 
21
--
--
--
--
--
--
Italy
 
59
62
 
 
 
 
 
 
Spain
 
57
62
 
 
 
 
 
 
South Africa
56
 
53
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mexico
59
               
Japan
62
               

I would like you to rate how various foreign governments feel toward Israel, with one hundred meaning a very warm, favorable feeling, zero meaning a very cold, unfavorable feeling, and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred. How would you rate the government of [ ] in terms of feelings toward Israel?

 
2003
2004
2005
2006
United States
76
76
75
77
Saudi Arabia
22
 
 
 
Germany
41
46
50
44
Jordan
33
 
 
36
Egypt
35
 
 
37
Great Britain
65
64
 
65
Poland
49
49
 
 
Iran
16
 
 
 
France
30
30
33
30
Syria
16
 
 
15
Turkey
45
 
45
38
India
47
 
50
 
The Vatican
49
43
54
 
Italy
54
50
 
 
Spain
53
49
 
 
Russia
45
43
 
38
South Africa
48
 
51
 
China
42
 
45
36
Mexico    
48
 
Japan    
53
 

Is your opinion of the United Nations very favorable, somewhat favorable, neutral, somewhat unfavorable, or very unfavorable?

 
2002
2005
Very favorable
9%
7%
Somewhat favorable
34%
32%
Neutral
22%
21%
Somewhat unfavorable
24%
23%
Very unfavorable
11%
18%
Not sure
0%
0%

I am going to name some countries in Europe. In each case tell me whether anti-Semitism in the country is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all. (2004)

 
Very serious problem
Somewhat of a problem
Not a problem at all
Not sure
Germany
25%
65%
6%
4%
Great Britain
4%
60%
31%
4%
France
64%
29%
5%
3%
Italy
4%
64%
24%
8%
Spain
8%
63%
21%
8%
Russia
25%
64%
6%
4%
Belgium
6%
49%
33%
13%
Holland
4%
42%
45%
10%

In your opinion, what proportion of each of the following groups in Europe is anti-Semitic—most, many, some, very few, or none?

 
Most
(2004)
Aggregate#
(2004)
Catholics
7%
79%
Muslims
43%
93%
The far Left
13%
69%
Protestants
4%
74%
The far Right
21%
78%

Holocaust

Please tell me if you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly with the following statement: “Nearly 60 years after the end of World War II, it is time to put the memory of the Nazi extermination of the Jews behind us.”

 
2003
Agree strongly
4%
Agree somewhat
8%
Disagree somewhat
16%
Disagree strongly
71%
Not sure
0%

Do you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly with the following statement: "Germany today is making a sincere effort to deal with the legacy of the Holocaust."

 
2002
2004
Agree strongly
13%
18%
Agree somewhat
50%
53%
Disagree somewhat
24%
19%
Disagree strongly
10%
8%
Not sure
2%
3%

Sources: "Survey of American Jewish Opinion," American Jewish Committee, (1993-2019 - available years).