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The "Final Solution": Estimated Number of Jews Killed

The two most reliable sources for Holocaust data are the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum and Yad Vashem. Though this is the best information available, it is based on estimates and cannot take into the unknown number of victims whose bodies were never recovered or for whom there were no records. The Nazis kept detailed records of the people who passed through the camps; nevertheless, we do not know how many Jews may still have been unaccounted for in the many places where they were murdered. In addition, as the Allies began to close in on Germany, the Nazis began to destroy their records. We also don’t know the precise number of Jews in any of these areas. The population data ranges from 1937-1941 so, for example, the countries where the figures came from 1937 may not accurately reflect the number of Jews at the time the war began. Though the two institutions have different estimates, if you average the total number of Jews each says were murdered, the result is the commonly used figure of six million.


 

  USHMM Yad Vashem
 
Pre-War Jewish Population*
Number of Jews Killed
% of Jewish Population Murdered
Pre-War Jewish population*
Number of Jews Killed
% of Jewish Population Murdered
Albania
200
 
 
 
 
 
Austria
185,026
65,459
35%
185,000
50,000
27%
Baltic Countries
 
 
 
 
 
 
Belgium
90,000
24,387
27%
65,700
28,900
44%
Bohemia & Moravia
 
 
 
118,310
78,150
66%
Bulgaria
50,000
 
 
50,000
0
 
Czechoslovakia
354,000
260,000
73%
 
 
 
Denmark
7,500
52-116
2%
7,800
60
1%
Estonia
4,500
963
21%
4,500
1,500-2,000
44%
Finland
 
 
 
2,000
7
0%
France
300,000-330,000
72,900-74,000
22%
350,000
77,320
22%
Germany
237,723
165,200
69%
566,000
134,500
24%
Great Britain - Channel Islands
 
 
 
 
3
 
Greece
71,611
58,800-65,000
91%
77,380
60,000-67,000
87%
Hungary**
825,007
564,507
68%
825,000
550,000-569,000
69%
Italy
58,412
7,858
13%
44,500
7,680
17%
Latvia
93,479
70,000
75%
91,500
70,000-71,500
 
Lithuania
153,000
130,000
85%
168,000
140,000-143,000
 
Luxembourg
3,500-5,000
1,200
24%
3,500
1,950
20%
Netherlands
140,245
102,000
73%
140,000
100,000
 
Norway
1,800
758
42%
1,700
762
50%
Poland
3,350,000
2,770,000-3,000,000
90%
3,300,000
2,900,000-3,000,000
90%
Romania
756,930
211,214–260,000
34%
609,000
271,000-287,000
50%
Slovakia
90,000
75,000
83%
88,950
68,000-71,000
75%
Soviet Union
3,028,538
1,340,000
44%
3,020,000
1,000,000-1,100,000
83%
Yugoslavia
82,242
67,228
82%
78,000
56,200
60%
 
9,915,213 6,273,676 63% 9,796,840 5,846,032 60%

 

Prewar estimates for the latest year available (1937-1941). The two institutions also divided the occupied areas slightly differently.

*When a range of figures appears, the higher numbers wereuse to estimated percentages.

**Borders of 1941


Sources: U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum;
Yad Vashem.