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Jewish Biographies: Nobel Prize Laureates

(1901-2018)

Established by Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel in 1895, the Nobel Prize is a set of annual awards bestowed upon individuals in recognition of cultural and/or scientific advances in six categories – Literature, Chemistry, Economics, Physics, World Peace, and Medicine.

Between 1901 and 2018, the Nobel Prize has been awarded to more than 900 individuals and organizations. At least 203 of them have been Jewish.

Israel has produced a disproportionate number of Nobel Prize winners. In August 2015, Times Higher Education ranked Israel the fifth best performer this century based on the number of Nobel Prizes won as well as the significance and prestige of each one. The publication also ranked global universities based on Nobel Prize winners and the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology placed eighth, higher on the list than Harvard and every British University.

Literature


Yitzhak Rabin (right) and Shimon Peres accept the 1994 Nobel Prize in World Peace

Medicine

Peace


Israeli mathmatician Robert Israel Aumann (second from right) accepts the 2005 Nobel Prize in Economics

Economics

Chemistry


Israeli Dan Schechtman (left) accepts the 2011 Nobel Prize in Chemistry


American Saul Perlmutter poses with the 2011 Nobel Prize in Physics

Physics

 


Notes:
^ - Pasternak was forced to decline the prize by the Soviet Union
* - Jewish father, non-Jewish mother
° - Anfinsen converted to Judaism later in life; Cori converted to Roman Catholicism