On 30 December 1993 Israel and the Holy See signed a Fundamental Agreement placing their relations on an entirely new basis. Six months later, negotiations for the establishment of full diplomatic relations were concluded, resulting in the establishment of an Israeli Embassy accredited to the Holy See and an Apostolic Nunciature in Israel. Text of the joint protocol follows:
The Holy See and the State of Israel, in accordance with Article 14 of the "Fundamental Agreement" signed by them on 30 December. 1993, agree to establish full diplomatic relations, effective from 15 June 1994, at the level of Apostolic Nunciature on the part of the Holy See, and Embassy on the part of the State of Israel.
The Parties agree that the provisions of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, of 18 April 1961, shall apply to the relations between them.
Practical aspects for the implementation of these relations will be settled through diplomatic channels.
The decision that full diplomatic relations have been established between the two Parties will be publicly announced on that same day, 15 June 1994.
Signed in Jerusalem, on the 14th of June 1994.
For the Holy See (Archbishop Andrea di Montezemolo)
For the Government of the State of Israel (Archbishop Andrea (Dr. Yossi Beilin)