Bookstore Glossary Library Links News Publications Timeline Virtual Israel Experience
Anti-Semitism Biography History Holocaust Israel Israel Education Myths & Facts Politics Religion Travel US & Israel Vital Stats Women
donate subscribe Contact About Home

What Americans Know About the Holocaust

(February 4-19, 2019)

As far as you know, what does “the Holocaust” refer to? (Pew Research, N-10,971, February 4-19, 2019)

Annihilation of Jews
66%
Death, general
6%
Persecution of Jews
4%
Jews/Jewish
4%
Hitler
1%
Concentration camps
1%
World War II
1%
Nazis/Nazism
1%
Persecution, general
<1%
Other
3%
Don't know
3%
No answer
10%

When did the Holocaust happen? Between…

1930 and 1950 (Correct)
69%
1890 and 1910
2%
1910 and 1930
10%
1950 and 1970
1%
Not sure
17%
No answer
1%

In total, about how many Jews were killed in the Holocaust?

Approximately 6 million (Correct)
45%
Less than 1 million
2%
Approximately 3 million
12%
More than 12 million
12%
Not sure
28%
No answer
1%

What were Nazi-created ghettos?

Parts of a city or a town where Jews were forced to live (Correct)
63%
Places where Jews were killed in gas chambers
7%
Factories where Nazis forced their political opponents to work
2%
Housing developments for poor Nazis
2%
Not sure
27%
No answer
1%

Which of the following statements best describes how Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany?

By a democratic political process (Correct)
43%
By violently overthrowing the German government
25%
By hereditary succession
2%
By agreements with neighboring countries
2%
Not sure
27%
No answer
1%

Have you ever visited a Holocaust memorial or museum?

Yes
27%
No
73%
No answer
1%