(Note – This survey is available at the AJEX Archives of the Jewish Military Museum in Hendon, the Marx Memorial Library (MML) in Clerkenwell, The Imperial War Museum Library, The National Archives at Kew, The British Library, The SOAS Library at the University of London, the LSE Spanish Studies Library, the Jewish Historical Society of England Library, UCL Jewish Studies Library, and The Wiener Library – all in London; Manchester University Library, The Hebrew University Library in Jerusalem, The Virtual Jewish 193Library website, VALBA (Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade) web site and Brandeis University Library in the USA.
For reasons best known to themselves, most adherents of the Left - both old and new - and the mainstream Jewish community itself – have been, till recently, loathe to acknowledge and recall the dominant Jewish role in the International Brigade’s (IB) struggle against Fascism in the Spanish Civil War. Stereotyped as timid and submissive, the reality is that thousands of Jews from 53 countries went to fight and die opposing Franco, firing the first shots against Fascism. Some went openly as Jews, others took aliases; some fought in the battalions of their country of birth, others with other national groups; some went via a third nation, others went direct to Spain; some were refugees from anti-Semitism or political oppression already, others went freely from the democracies. In addition, thousands more Jews world wide were active in solidarity campaigns, fund raising and refugee rescue, on behalf of the Republican Democrats. Most non-Jewish students of the conflict, however, have no problem emphasising the major part played by Jews in the International Brigade (IB) , and the Black actor Paul Robeson, for example, even sang and recorded Yiddish songs for the Jewish soldiers in Spain (see reference to O’Riordan, below)
Evidence shows that the marginilization of the huge part played by the Jewish fighters in Spain is due to the tight grip held by old fashioned Stalinists who have been the “Keepers of the Memory” of the IB in the post war period, and right up to the 21st century – especially in the UK and the USA. To acknowledge the incredible role of the Jews is to have to admit that many went to Spain as proud Jews as much as proud Socialists, and that many were also Zionists, especially the large number – proportionally the largest from any country – who came from Mandate Palestine/Israel.
For those on “The Hard Left,” this somewhat explodes the myth that everyone who went was a certified member of the Communist Party or was totally imbued with Communist ideals. This was most certainly not the case as the author heard first hand form Jewish veterans he interviewed. Indeed, Peter Fry openly says in an interview in the film “Forever Activists” that he went primarily because he was Jewish and this was because of his strong Jewish sense of Social Justice, which he felt all the Jewish volunteers had. This is verified by his wife Thelma. In his University of Manchester thesis (2001) Paul Bagon (great nephew of Samuel, who was killed fighting wiuth the Polish Dombrowski battalion) examined this assertion further in interviews with 13 mostly Jewish veterans of the IB, coming to the definite similar conclusion, that Jews went as Jews and anti-Fascists as much as Socialists or Communists. It is also interesting to note that after World War II, most of the Jewish fighters returned to Jewish communities and the cultural life they were used to; they were by no means estranged from Jewishness or even Judaism. Some visited Israel many times and others have chidren living there to this day. They also said they sensed a strong strand of anti-Jewish feeling in some of the non-Jewish veterans leaders, and this naturally fed into the tendency by modern writers on the Spanish Civil War to ignore the Jewish contribution to the IB.
Stalinist opposition to Zionism, especially after 1948 and the re-birth of Israel, has meant that the Left has to denounce and invisibilise any overt and separate recognition of the massive Jewish contribution to the IB and the Republican struggle, in order to fit in with its perverse and passé Marxist view of history. Hence it can justify celebrating – quite rightly - the part played by Irish and Black volunteers, for example, but not the Jews. Not to give Jews the credit they so richly deserved, of firing the first shots against European Fascism, can thus be justifiably described as anti-Semitic, as it appears that national liberation is alright for everyone else – Ireland, Black Africa, Asia, the Arabs – but not alright for the Jews of Israel. This is open discrimination against Jews and the Left needs to now revise and take a more mature attitude to this issue. Till now, one will not thus find any reference to the contribution of the Jews to the IB in any book on the IB in the Spanish Civil War, except a moderate mention in Richard Baxell’s Ph D, and later book . Indeed, when I met Richard Baxell at the first Len Crome memorial lecture at the Imperial War Museum, where I raised this issue at the discussion that followed, of the marginalization of the Jews in the IB, to the extreme discomfort of Jack Jones and others present (Jack loudly asserted that I was surely not accusing the IBMT of anti-Semitism!), Baxell said privately to me that I should not expect more from him in his book – although it turned out he gave a paragraph or two and some footnotes - very generous compared to previous writers. Perhaps he saw sense after my remarks at the lecture, or perhaps he just could not avoid the glaringly obvious truth of the sheer number of Jews who served and died? Afterwards at the reception, members of the Crome family came and said to me they agreed with my objections but would not say it publicly at the lecture for fear of upsetting the apple cart of traditional views! And when I asked the amazing Milton Wolf (last Jewish Commander of the Abraham Lincolns), the same question, at a lecture he gave on his story at LSE, about a year later, just before he died, he tried to dismiss this matter amusingly as a red herring, but was clearly somewhat flummoxed by the question, conveniently taking the passé stance that you do not break ranks with the established wisdom and “don’t mention the Jews.” But yet again young Spanish students came up to me afterwards and said I was right to point out this anti-history of ignoring the Jews, and that in Spain they have no problem giving the Jewish IBers the high profile they so richly dererve. But again they would not speak out publicly. This article now redresses this balance.
With regard to the Jews who went to Spain from Israel (Palestine Mandate), some argue that they went because they were ‘internationalists,’ not Zionists . In which case why did those among them who were refugees from Europe, go to Israel in the first place when there were many other countries they could have fled to? Why did they return to Israel after the SCW ended? Why did they fight in Israel’s War of Independence in 1948 - if they were not Zionists as well as Socialists? One can be both – these are not incompatible idelogies and never have been or will be.
It is estimated that up to 25% of all the IB Fighters were Jewish (Alberto Fernandez, “Judios en la Guerra de Espana,” Tiempo de Historia, Madrid, September, 1975; “Los Judios Luchadores de la Libertad” by Gina Medem, Madrid, 1937 and Josef Toch “Juden im Spanischen Krieg 1936-39,” Zeitgeschichte, Vienna, April 1973) - up to 10,000 men and women. Whilst 20th century history documents well the mass murder of Jews, Jewish resistance by comparison is feebly recorded. This included in Spain the following approximate numbers – certainly an underestimate - of Jewish fighters and participants in the IB:
Fifty-nine of the 124 American medical team were Jews (48%) – Prago’s article mentioned below - and virtually all of the 40 Polish doctors. Of the estimated 66 American Jews from Brownsville in Brooklyn, for example, who went to Spain, only 25 returned (Prago).
The Polish Dombrowski Brigade (part of the 13th IB) formed a Jewish Company from the 2nd Palafox Battalion (Palafox was a Spanish patriot from the Napoleonic invasion), called The Botwin Company, on 12 December 1937 at Tardadientes, and named after Naftali Botwin (a famous Polish Jewish radical, executed in 1924 for assassinating a Polish Secret police agent). Their orders and banner were written in Yiddish, Polish and Spanish and they issued a Yiddish written newspaper (“Botwin”), first published on 30 December 1937. In fact the first edition of a Yiddish newspaper called “Der Freihaits Kempfer” or “Fighters for Liberty”, appeared at the Front on 7 August 1937. Jews also spoke Hebrew and Ladino as a lingua franca among themselves within the different national groups. The Republic also allowed radio broadcasts in Yiddish . The Botwins included the only two Arabs in the IB, one of whom was from Jerusalem and spoke Yiddish! The last stanza of the company hymn was “ …how Jewish Botwin soldiers drove out the fascist plague! No Passaran! ” (see “The Jewish Naftali Botwin Company”, J Rothenberg, Jewish Frontiers Journal, USA, date unknown, at IB archive, MML; it includes references to several books written in Poland by Botwin and Dombrowski Jewish veterans).
Trained at Albacete, the Botwins went into action on 12 February 1938 in the Sierra Quemeda near Belal Alcazar, then fought at Belchite 12-16 March 1938. They were virtually wiped out at the battles of the Ebro/Estramadura at Hill 281(eighteen out of 120 survived!) and received the “Medalla de Valor” from the government (see Hirschmann below). All four successive commanders were killed in action – including Carol Gutman on February 13th and then Moise Micha Sapir on April 2nd at Lerida. Hirschmann also provided extracts from the books, “Poles in the Spanish Civil War”, Ministry of Defence, Poland, and “International Solidarity with the Spanish Republic”, Progress Publishers, Moscow 1975, containing numerous references to the Botwins. The newly reinforced Botwins later formed the rearguard for the IB as they withdrew into France as the fighting ended.
It is ironic that the first IB casualty was Jewish (Leon Baum, from Paris) and the last (Haskel Honigstern; the Spanish poet Jose Herrera wrote of him “…Haskel Honigstern, Polish worker of the Jewish Race, son of an obscure land, killed in the light of my homeland”. He was given a state funeral in Barcelona on 6th October 1938). Later, most Botwins joined the Maquis and other Partisan groups in WW2, many dying in fighting the Nazis. In Poland, however, after the Six-Day War in 1967 and the anti-Jewish purges, all the memorials to the Botwin men that had been erected, were destroyed.
As Simon Hirschmann said, in an interview before he died, Jewish youth of this period - especially in eastern Europe - were living under anti-Semitic regimes and chose to fight back by becoming either Zionists or Communists; many chose the latter and Spain gave them a chance to take up arms in the cause of working people and democracy, with much herosim and self-sacrifice. They are a group much to be admired. But Zionists were equally anti-Fascist and many of the Jewish volunteers from Europe and Palestine/Israel were Zionist Socialists.
Joe Garber, Intelligence Officer to the British Battalion, in an interview before he died, testified to the fact that there were hundreds of Jews in the German and Austrian Thaelmann battalion and hundreds with the French.
Of the known British Jews who went to Spain, figures are far from complete as many did not identify as Jews and used aliases, but made themselves known as Jews to other Jews once they were in Spain; but most witnesses have died before being able to testify just who was who. On this issue Joe Garber was an inestimable source of information and I thank him enormously.
Reference to MSCW is to the book “Memorials of the Spanish Civil War” by Williams, Alexander and Gorman, Alan Sutton, UK, 1996. BVFL is “British Volunteers for Liberty” by Bill Alexander, Lawrence and Wishart, 1982. CTC is “Cheetham to Cordova” by Maurice Levine and Neil Richardson, Manchester Jewish Museum, 1984. MML is Marx Memorial Library. Much came from personal interviews (PI) held whilst at the 62nd Anniversary of the start of the War reunion at Jubilee Gardens, London on 18.7.98, carried out by Martin Sugarman with Jewish veterans, or whose names were given at the reunion, to him by other veterans. Lou Kenton also sent names from the roll in Bill Rust’s book “Britons in Spain”. The Leo Baeck Year Book has contained articles about Jews who fought in Spain and is published by the Leo Baeck Institute in London. Kia means killed in action; wia is wounded in action.
Other important works on this subject include “Combattants Juifs dans l’Armee Republicaine Espagnole” by David Diamint (DD), Editions Renouveau, Paris 1979, in French - describing the massive contribution of Jews in the IB and containing lists of names, numerous first hand accounts by Jewish fighters and a section on women fighters. Also excellent is Alfred Prago’s “Jews in the International Brigades in Spain”, Jewish Currents, New York, February and March 1979 ; G E Sichon, “Les Volontaires Juifs dans la Guerre Civile en Espagne”, Les Temps Modernes, October 1988; and A S Rockman, “Jewish Participation in the IB’s in The Spanish Civil War”, MA thesis California State University, Fullerton.
Much information and several photos were also found in “The Book of the 15th Brigade” published by The Commissariat, Madrid 1938 and republished by F Graham, Newcastle, 1975 – abbreviated as “B15B” below. More details came from “The Shattered Dream” by Alek Szurek, Columbia University Press 1989, abbreviated as TSD and “Apprentices of Freedom” by J Cook, Quartet 1979 – especially on George Nathan and Maurice Levene.
Mentioned also in the latter book is the brief description of discrimination made against Jewish POW’s; Bob Doyle (page 119) noted that after his capture (with Maurice Levitas, Dave Goodman and others) at Calaceite near Gandesa on 31 March 1938, Italian and Gestapo guards “ordered all Communists and Jews to step forward”; this is described in more detail in a long article “Irish and Jewish Volunteers in the Spanish Anti-Fascist War – 50th Anniversary lecture” pp. 25-28 by M. O’Riordan of the Irish TGWU at the Irish Jewish Museum in Dublin, Nov 1987, found in the MML Archive. Gary McCarthy (Cook, p.123) noted that “at San Sebastian prison in 1938, Spanish and German guards took photos of those lads who were obviously Jewish, and of Negroes too and when Jimmy Goldstein/Goldsmith was singled out I stepped forward too!” In fact Jews were constantly slandered in Spanish fascist radio broadcasts and newspapers – even though virtually no Jews lived in Spain. Their large presence in the IB was often a target for fascist newspapers all over Europe.
As I have said, many Jewish volunteers had non-Jewish aliases (as Joe Garber and others have testified) and we may never know their religious affiliation or origin because of this. Spellings, especially of Polish first and surnames, may have lost accuracy in the transliteration and thus also result in some duplications which are almost impossible now to unravel. Finally some more detail has come from the book by Richard Baxell (see footnote), on the British Volunteers, which he kindly sent me. It includes some of the actual ID numbers issued to the men and women who went to Spain and I have included these where known.
This specific topic is of great interest to the Jews of London. I also wish to be clear that when I use the term East End Jews, I also include those whose homes were on the fringes in places like Hackney, Bethnal Green and what is now Newham, as many had recently moved to these areas from Stepney and Whitechapel. Also some had not been born in the east end but were living there at the time of enlisting to go to Spain; and furthermore, many addresses we have as just “London” may indeed be those of eastenders, but we simply have no further information.
The Spanish CW began in July 1936. The Battle of Cable Street took place in October 1936, when British Fascism was at its peak; Hitler had been in power in Germany since 1933; there were right wing governments all over Europe – for example, Italy had been Fascist since 1922; Portugal since 1926; Poland was ruled by a militaristic and right wing government from 1918, and very anti-Semitic; Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria – were all officially allies of the 3rd Reich well before WW2 and had huge fascist parties. And in the Far East Japan had all the trappings of a fascist and militaristic Empire and by 1931 was occupying large chunks of China. Even the Finns willingly had Nazi troops on its side in the Finno-Russian war of 1939-40, but that was after WW2 had officially begun and the SCW had ended, in Sept 1939.
The point is that for Jews and Socialists this was indeed a very bleak period, despite the success of Soviet power in Russia; because even in the 1930’s many left wingers could see the beginning of the corruption of Soviet communism into Stalinist Fascism and the notorious terror – much of it anti-Semitic - by the late 1930’s; many on the Left, whilst trying to remain true to their Socialist and Communist beliefs, were already having serious doubts about the allegedly idealised Socialist State of the Soviet Union, and what it was becoming, especially after the Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact of 1939.
The attitude of the Jewish Establishment and Religious Jews to those Jews who went to fight in Spain, from Britain
Traditionally the Religious and Jewish establishment has frowned on radical Jews who make waves, especially if they come from the Left in politics. The Board of Deputies told Jews to stay away from the Cable Street rally against Mosley, for example. But Establishment Jewish attitudes to Jews volunteering to go to Spain were mixed. The Jewish Chronicle, usually at that time reflecting a Board of Deputies viewpoint, reported on Oct 2nd 1936 page 12, a meeting called by the Jewish Labour Council, under the heading, “Spain’s fight is your fight”, describing the speaker, Mr J Jacobs, as saying, “Jews in Britain must organise to fight for their co-religionists in Spain. General Franco has threatened to turn back the clock to 1493 – the time of the Jewish persecutions. Once the international Fascists win in Spain, they will march on”. Clearly he linked the fight against the Fascists with the fight against anti-Semitism, and this explains clearly and conclusively the reason why Jews were so disproportionately represented in the British Batallion which went to Spain. Conversely, it also explains why after the Soviet-Nazi pact of 1939, many Jews left the Communist Party in protest at this blatant alliance with Hitler, becuse for Jews clearly, opposition to anti-Semitsm easily over-rode loyalty to Communism.
Most working class Jews saw the Communists and Zionists as the only organisations willing to fight Fascist-related anti-Semitism in the early and mid 1930’s. But as Paul Bagon’s on-line PhD study points out in such detail, they were mostly not committed, ideological Communists (though some were, and rejected Judaism) – for even large numbers of the JLB and Jewish youth clubs, including Zionist Youth (research by James Carmody), joined the YCL (Young Communist League) because it offered the chance to fight anti-Semitism,despite the JLB and the clubs being very conservative, anglicised, establishment oriented Jewish organsiations. As a result many ordinary working Jews willingly joined violent anti-Fascist protests throughout the 1930’s in order to fight anti-Semitism and that is also mainly why they went to Spain. Working Jews felt the appeasment, apathy and classist attitudes of the Board of Deputies (BoD) towards working class Jews as a disgrace and betrayal, so they became Communists or Zionists in order to be organised to fight back! Once they joined the Communists, especially, it was a natural progression to then go to Spain and fight, especially as it became overtly obvious that the Nazis were on the side of Franco.
Although some religious Jews feared the atheist Communists as much as the Fascists, equally many believing Jews saw that the attitudes of social justice - which permeate wholesome socialism and Communism - as akin to those moral teachings of Judaism, and were able to happily have a foot in both camps.
It is certainly the case that the BoD was bourgeoise, intransigent and assimilationist to a large degree, and made up of elderly, wealthy men more fearful of their poorer co-religionists than they were of the fascist threat; they were embarrassed by the involvement of poor Jews with the anti-Fascist movement. Like the British government, they took a non-interventionist view, splitting the Jewish community on the issue not only of Spain but Jewish self defence against violent fascist attacks on Jews in Britain.
On July 10th 1936 (p.10), for example, a letter in the JC from the United Synagogue called for more self defence groups; the BoD responded by recommending a committee be set up to discuss it! And on Oct 2nd 1936 the JC reported the now infamous BoD instruction to Jews to “keep away “ from what became the Battle of Cable St. How wrong they were.
The figures are very telling; approximately 350 Jews served in the British battalion of the approximately 2,400 who went to Spain ie 15%; yet we were only then as now ½% of the population.
I would like to especially thank the late Joe Garber, Sol Frankel, Lou Kenton, Simon “Simmy” Hirschmann, David Loman and Major Len Crome, MC (all Jewish veterans of the Spanish Civil War), the son of Jack Shaw, and Bill Alexander (Former Commissar of the Attlee Batallion) for their help and encouragement in compiling this list. Dr Saul Issroff of the Jewish Genealogical Society of the UK was also very helpful. Fred Dellheim – a former Jewish Kindertransportee and WW2 D-Day veteran, and former secretary of the German anti-Fascist Association and Veterans of Anti-Fascism – presented to the author a list of hundreds of German veterans of the Spanish Civil War at a meeting with him in London in June 1999. A vast number were Jews. This list exists separately at present in the AJEX Archives. The amazing Sir Martin Gilbert was as ever of inestimable assistance to me in my work.
I was able to add consderable detail and names by consulting many files in the IB archive at the Marx Memorial Library in Clerkenwell, London, and thank the librarian there (Tish Newland) for her assistance One particular list in these files was compiled by either Peter Kerrigan or Ted Edwards, the Attlee Battalion secretary, during or soon after the war and contained many British Jewish names not found elsewhere. Special thanks also goes to James Carmody who supplied me so generously with extra material from his own researches on the IB over many years at both The National Archives and with correspondents abroad, including many names from David Diamint’s rare book (see below) which I also consulted at the British Library. James Carmody also pointed me to a book by Marcel Acier, “From Spanish Trenches” written in 1937 (Modern Age, NY) at the MML, containing many personal memoirs of Jewish Brigaders. Thanks also go to Paul Phillipou of the University of Stirling; Prof Stellan Bojerud, Royal Staff College Stockholm; Robert Llopis of Benissa, Spain; and John Kralijic of NY, USA; Jean Goldsztejn of Paris for his search in the Soviet files stored at Nanterre University in Paris.
A specific memorial to the Jewish fighters of the IB was unveiled in Barcelona in October 1986, by President Chaim Hertzog of Israel, himself a WW2 British Army Major veteran. It is located near Montjuich (appropriately, “The Hill of the Jews”) and a photograph was in the Jewish Military Museum in Hendon, London, which also had a permanent display of Jews in the Spanish Civil War – and in my book “Fighting Back – the contribution of British Jews in WW2”.
The British Batallion consisted originally of 145 men formed in December 1936/January 1937 at Madrigueras as No 1 Company, of the French 14th Batallion (La Marseillaise), part of the 14th IB. As new arrivals came, the British formed their own Batallion in 1937, of four Companies (3 Infantry and one Machine-gun). No.1 Company, the longest serving, were then named in honour of Labour leader and later Prime Minister,Clement Attlee. Of the approximate 2,400 volunteers as many as 350 to 400 were Jewish (15%, as described by David Diamint)
Some other nationalities are included here due to the order of the original interviews with Joe Garber and others and /or because they were at some time associated with the British Battalion. A (?) meams the person may not be Jewish and awaits further research.
1056 Sgt Samuel/Sydney Aarons, Melbourne/Sydney, Australia.
201 Joseph Albaya (?).
Jack /Jacob Alexander, Bethnal Green and Australia, POW March 1938 .
736 Maurice Chaim Aaronberg, born Lithuania 1897, served Russian Army 1917-18, then Sgt. In British Army 1919 in Archangel, then to Sheffield, 43, Wolstenholme Rd, kia 27 February 1937 at Jarama.
Nathan Abramson, 590 Old Ford Road, Bow, London kia April 1938, Gandesa/Calaceite.
Paul Abrams, POW February 1937 for 3 months, exchanged for Fascist POW’s.
Is this Mendel Abrahams??? (Above) and Basil Abrahams (BELOW)
Sidney Avner, more than 6 feet tall from London, attended Davenant Foundation School, kia Boadilla 20 December 1936, from 53/55, Clapton Common, Upper Clapton.
Abraham Abrahamson kia Brunette, Hero of the Soviet Union (Prago).
1309 Basil Abrahams, aka David Minsk, 15th Brigade Staff, POW 13/2/37 and repat. 5/37, later returning to Spain to fight again! From 187, Mare St, Hackney, London/3, Cecil St., Mile End, a baker BVFL p 185 - died 1/6/95.
175 Lt Harry Aubrey/Horbury ; B15B. 4, Albin Terr, Barnsley
H. Adams (an alias) – from Hackney
Louis Babot, b. 1916 of 46 Hedsa Flats, Shoreditch (?)/ 24 New Ct Hse, Pott St, Bethnal Green
Nicholas Barblinger, possibly born Russia, later fought in French Foreign Legion, interned Oran, then joined Pioneer Corps in British Army and fought in North Africa, Italy and at Arnhem with 21st Indep. Paras.
George Bright, b. Yorks, lived Clerkenwell, kia 12/2/37 at Jarama
Cyril/Charles Bloom, London, wia Jarama, PI Joe Garber.
598 Cyril Bowman, 164 Cheetham Hill, Manchester.
Sam Baron, newspaper correspondent, Crook diaries at MML.
Emeric Biederman, born . Romania, 44/4a Birch Lane, Longsight, Manchester 13 (MML), after WW2 lived in Romania.
Brentman - see Harrison below
Keva (probably Akiva) Bronson from Stepney – Rent Control activist later deported from New Zealanf with wife Golda
1445 Thomas Arthur Bielstein, 19 Birmingham Rd, Scunthorpe (MML).
David Baumgartner/Baumgarten, aka Bennett, 46, Lord St, Manchester.
43 Zelig Isaac Bronstein, Paris (MML), mechanic with 15th Brigade.
Dave Buffman, 9, Orchard Sq, Leeds, kia Sept. 1938 Ebro.
Charles Sewell Bloom, 54 Imperial Avenue Stoke Newington N16, and Shoreditch - served Badalona Hospital (MML).
Karl Boden, 46, Alpha St, Salford, Signals (MML).
Reginald Bayer, 98 Gosvenor Rd, N1, Highbury, London N. (??)
Harry (Henry)(Charles) A. G. Bayer/Beye, 16 Barclay St., St Pancras (MML) –wia (??).
L Boyarski from Jo’burg, South Africa .
105 Jack Braverman PI, 44 Cromer St Kingsland Rd, Shoreditch, E2 (MML).
Ronald Burgess - son of Charlotte Guest, nee Franken, second wife of Prof J B S Haldane, PI Joe Garber. Charlotte Haldane was a War Correspondent in Spain and her first husband was a Burgess, and hence her son used this name - 54 Fitzroy Rd, NW1
Alec Bernstein, Manchester.
Barnett Becow, Stepney
Barbara Briscoe (alias ?) – nurse of Tredean, Guildford - tbc
1141 Arthur Blackson/Blackman, London and 91 Stewart Cres, Winchester, repatriated May 1938, possibly not Jewish.
Else Behrens, photographer, MML.
Capt. Dr Bernstein/Berstein MML.
David Blick/Black MML, aka Block/Bloch, pilot kia WW2 on the 1st 1000 bomber raid on Cologne, Runnymede memorial. His brother Sam also kia RAF WW2.
Bill Briskey kia Jarama 12.2.37, from Hackney.
Ralph C(K)antorovitch/Cantor, 142, Waterloo Rd, Manchester, kia Mosquito Hill, Brunete July 1937.
Sidney/Solomon Chaginsky aka Moreland, POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38, from 3, Bayford St, Mare St, Hackney, London PI.
Phil Caplan – see Richards below
Fred Chaike, wia Brunete July 1937 (MML).
H. Carrass (possibly Jewish?).
Lisbeth Carrit nee Liesel Lowenstein, b. Germany, husband of Noel Carrit
Alfred Ernest Capps, of 1, Ruthven St, Hackney, London, kia 20th Jan 1938 at Teruel.
Nat Cohen PI, MSCW p 126/7, from 52 Lewin Rd, Streatham.
1311 Nathan Cohen, Stepney, Tom Mann Centurion – KIA – WITH SAM MASTERS THE FIRST TWO BRITONS IN SPAIN
Ramona Cohen, wife of Nathan, above.
Vic Cohen MML – Hackney .
Ovadia Cohen, Greek Jewish.
Harold Ceiternbaum aka Bourne/Sittingbaum, from 693 London Rd, Westcliff on Sea.
Sgt. Max Cohen/Colin/Collins aka Myer/Meir Cohn, BVFL p 138. Born 1912 in Stepney, of 82 Kyverdale Rd. N16 and 73 Wigan House Warwick Grove E5, ambulance driver and mechanic, wia by Italian planes at Brunete and evacuated and then returned for a second tour! Drove ambulance from London to Barcelona. Detailed diaries at MML.
101 Simon Cohen, 2, Leander St., Mt Pleasant / 2 Overton St, Liverpool – builder, wia in head (MML). Nickname was Avi (info Dan Payne, Liverpool historian 2014) – b. 28/7/15
748 Sidney Cohen, 51 St Thomas Rd., Hackney E9 (MML) . Fought with Mac-Paps.
Edward Coleman, Manchester.
A. Cohen - possibly Abe Lewis of Hackney
Jack Cohen, wia, Manchester/Leeds.
Jack Cohen, kia by a strafing aircraft, February 1937, Jarama, 152, Old Haymarket, Liverpool.
Leon Cohen, kia (MML), Liverpool. LEON AND JACK MAY BE THE SAME PERSON & MAYBE NOT KILLED
Larry Cohen aka Collier, ambulance driver and also served WW2.
Harry Cohen b. 26/6/18 Liverpool at 110, Pighue (?) St – tailor – info from Don Payne of Liverpool and J Carmody - via MI5 files at Kew
Jacob Cohen b. 17/7/17 Liverpool- tailor – info Don Payne as above
Stafford Cottman, alias, from London.
Reuben A. C. Cohen of 43 Dunk St/ 15 Sydney St, E1, furrier.
Leonard Cochrane, alias, PI Joe Garber – 29 Primrose Ave, Romford – later believed kia RAF in WW2 North Africa
492 Julius Jud Colman of 3, Lytton Ave., Cheetham, Manchester, CTC page 30, served on Cordoba front (information from K R Bradley, author of “International Brigades in Spain”, Osprey 1984) with Nathan in 14th Brigade at Lopera where Cornford was killed, and at Jarama in the 15th Brigade at Morata De Tajuna. Booklet by him in MML archives, “Memories of Spain” 1995.
Major Dr Leonard Crome/Kromen, MC (WW2, Colonel RAMC, Cassino) . C.O. Medical Services IB and later 5th Army (MSCW p24) PI. Russian, born 1909, Dvinsk, in Latvia, educated in UK, wia.
David Crook, from Hackney, parents lived 11, Rowans rd, Harrogate, and 69 Warrington Rd, Maida Vale - lived in China with his two sons, PI Joe Garber. Spent 7 years in solitary confinement during Cultural Revolution and in 1990 was still in Beijing. Detailed diary in MML archives.
752 Percy Cohen, information from Joe Garber, 83 Cotswolds Gardens., Hendon,ambulance driver.
Pincus Cohen, London.
893 Myer Cohen, 1, Gold St., Stepney.
Richard Nigel Cullen (born Australia, lived Putney), later RAF pilot awarded DFC, kia May 1941 in Greece in WW2. Real name Cohen, wia in Spain and nephew of General Cullen/Cohen, highest ranking Jewish soldier in Australian forces in WW2
Danielis, Czech medic, MML.
753 Moishe Davidovitch/Maurice Davis, of 24, Teesdale St, London, E1/ 638, Seven Sisters Rd., Tottenham, kia 12th February 1937 Jarama, (brother in law of Max Lewis). He was “Leader of the 1st Aid Section, a hero throughout that terrible day of Feb 12th….up, down and across shell-scarred and bullet swept slopes, he and his men carried the wounded in stretchers….and when they gave out, blankets. He escaped death a hundred times until in the late afternoon, while running to help a wounded man, he himself was fatally wounded” ( B15B page 62).
Ted (Edward) A. Dickinson/Dickenson, b. Grimsby ? (an alias, originally Austrian or Australian ? (Probably Jewish), from 13 Upton Lane, Forest Gate, London – WW1 veteran and member of Zionist Socilaist Youth Group Hashomer Hatzair (J Carmody information), He was murdered as a POW on 2nd February 1937, Jarama, after protesting the murder of two other Jewish POW’s, Elias and Stevens. He e was tied to a tree and shot through the head. He had calmly shouted to his men, “Salud Comrades” as he fell. Joe Garber says he was Jewish but there was also an Australian with the same or similar name.
Robert Carl Daniels, 92 Ernest St., Stepney (MML) – from Birmingham – poss Jewish.
Joshua Davidson, 116 Bignor St, Salford/Manchester, upholsterer.
243 Henry Harry Daniels, c/o Mrs Bellow, 24 Barnsbury Pk, NW1 (MML) – b. Gibraltar, tbc Jewish.
John Diamond, MML, Canada (?).
Gustav Daubenspeck, 40 Lamb Lane, Hackney.
F. David - after Jarama, repatrd. due to illness
Andre Diamint/Diamond, Anglo-Egyptian French Jew, 17 Antikhane el Masrich, Cairo, BVFL p 98, lost his leg but served in French Resistance in WW2, and was executed by the Nazis. His diary is in MML archive.
Sam Dobralski from Camden, address c/o Alec Horlich, Quebec, POW.
Leslie Daikin (named by Levitas in O’Riordan article).
Joseph Epstein, wia, French, fought in partisans in WW2, shot by Nazis.
1298 Samuel Epstein, 114 Main St, Jo’Burg, South Africa (MML), b. Zagre, Lithuania. KIA
Hans Eisler, Crook diaries .
Ilya Ehrenbourg, MML, amous Russian writer and war correspondent in Spain, spoke and met many of the British Batallion .
Lewis Emmanuel or Emmanuel Lewis? 162/102 Clapton Common, arrested July 1937 entering Spain illegally but returned later.
Elstob MML, pilot, arrested, released; may not have been Jewish.
424 Lt. Herman Ehlert, aka Theo Edward Mann, German born anti-Nazi refugee, c/o Toynbee Hall, Whitechapel (ML)/ 28 Commercial Rd. He also fought with Lincolns.
420 Sydney Edelman, 17 Wellington Row, E2, London, kia/ died of wounds April/August 1938 Aragon/Tarragona. However, a report states he was at a reunion in 24/2/78 and living in Bloomsbury (John Moon)
Sid Philip Elias, 11/17, Camp Rd., Leeds, was murdered by machine gun with Stevens as a POW Jarama, 13th February 1937, when he asked permission to smoke and lowered his hands.
421 Jack Ellis, 116 High St Whitechapel (MML).
Vera Elkan aka Morley,14a, Manchester Sq., W1, photographer, born in South Africa; served all over Spain; details at MML..
Willy Engels, a Thaelmann Intelligence Officer, att. Attlee Company.(?).
1514 Solomon Frankel PI 9.5.99 and tapes and photos at AJEX archive. He was born in Rothschild Bldgs., Osborne St, and 8, Hunton St, Brick Lane E1, 31.3.14 son of Rose and Philip, Portuguese Jewish Primary and JFS – usual route to Spain arriving December 1937 (see details and tapes at AJEX Museum). As a Sergeant at Brunette saw first action against tanks with British Battallion, almost being decapitated when a canon shell took off his forage cap! On 27.7.38 whilst attacking at Ebro crossing, was seriously wounded and was invalided home December 1938.
Isidore Farstenfeld aka Jim Field, London; medically unfit and invalided home from Barcelona
Louis Feldman (MML), born Bethnal Green, lived Hammersmith,Israel and Bronx NY City; British Machine Gun company.
Penny Feiwel, nurse, born 1910 wife of Michel Feivel. She was not Jewish but her husband was; active in fund raising for the Hebrew University until her death in 2006.
Frank Frankford/Frankfort/Frankfurt, born 1913 in Slough and then moved to Hackney (P. Bagon Manchester University study on Jews and the IB, 2001).
Ziloman Wolf Fishel aka Zusman, born. Stoke Newington, lived Antwerp/Israel.
Jacob/Jack Flior from Burtrams, Jo’burg, S Africa, born Dvinsk, Latvia, POW March 1938, repatriated 2/39.
Dr Louis Fischer,German, Crook diaries.
Fred Freedman/Frieman, 28 Duckett St., Stepney, kia 20.1.38 at Teruel with 57 Battalion 15th Brig . Member Hashomer Hatzair Zionist Socialist youth group.
Dr Murray Fuhram, doctor from Brooklyn, lived Oxford
1580 Sydney Samson Fink, 69 Fenney St, Salford, kia March/Nov 10-17th 1938 Aragon.
Joseph Farber, Polish, later in uprsing at Birkenau Auschwitz (Prago).
1414 Joseph Fuhr MSCW page xv, Walworth, London, wia.
1805 Ben Glaser, 25, Wellclose Sq., London E1, kia 6th September 1938 Ebro/Sierra Caballs. His letters at MML.
767 Benny/Bernard Goldman, 2 Brewery St., Strangeways, Manchester, upholsterer, wia (MML). He was cited for “displaying untiring work whilst Battalion Commissar”.
80 Jack/John Goldstein, 17 St Cuthbert’s Place, Gateshead/5, Smith St., Amble, Northumberland.
Kurt J Glaser, born 3.9.1918, kia Germany in No 3 Jewish Troop, No 10 Commando, at crossing of Aller River 11.4.45, aka Capt James K Griffith.
Alfred H. Gold, 8 Spelman St, E1, London/ 98 Bourne Hse., Shepard St E1, kia 27th Februry 1937 Jarama.
Harry Gomm (probable ??), 35, Amberley Rd, London W., kia February 1937 Jarama
Phillipe Goodman, Anglo-French Jew, WW2 Royal Fusiliers, Captain attached Para. Reg., later met Joe Garber in Balkans SOE work. PI Joe Garber.
760 Phillip Goodman, 20 Mabfield Rd., Fallowfield, Manchester /Nottingham,MML.
426 Joseph Garber, born Bethnal Green 19.9.1911 and lived 7 Dunk St, Whitechapel, and attended JFS School . In 1925 aged 14 years he was awarded the Royal Humane Society Medal for saving the life of a man who fell in the Thames at Tower Bridge (PI). He served in the Merchant Navy 1928-31. He was later an Intelligence officer of the IB and a source of much information about Jewish lads in the IB. He manned a Heavy MG with Yank Levy at Jarama where he was wounded twice. He knew the enigmatic George Nathan and Churchill’s nephew, Giles Romilly. He sadly witnessed the deaths of both Phil Morris and Nathan Steigman at Jarama. In WW2, served RAMC and RASC (3 coy. 6th Bat). number 7406801. Due to maritime experience was in SOE smuggling arms to Balkans and Albanian partisans 1943-44 with allied Italian Commandos, working from Monopoly with FANY’s assisting. Helped smuggle weapons to the Haganah during RASC service and was a member of Trepper’s “Red Orchestra” spy ring giving information to Russia from Nazi sources. Memoirs recorded at IWM and AJEX, photo and AJEX Chaplains card.
David Tony Gilbert, POW March 1938, repatriated 10.38, from Bethnal Green and 21 Code St, Brick Lane.
Reuben Ginsburg aka Gainsborough, from King St, EC2 London and Blue St, Carmarthen.
A Gunter, 26, Reed Hse, Clayton St, Kennington.
David Guest, kia Ebro/Gandesa 26th July 1938, from 12a, Charing Cross Rd WC1, London. He was educated Oundle and Cambridge (Maths 1st Class), son of Islington Labour MP Dr Haden-Guest. His mother Carmel was Jewish, daughter of Col. Albert Goldsmid, founder of the Jewish Lads Brigade.
Angela Haden-Guest, S’ Agoio Hospital, 199 Sloane St London SW1, sister of David Guest.
260 Maurice Goldberg MSCW p 17, from Southern Rhodesia. POW, sentenced to death at a Spanish trial, commuted . He was held hostage with Leeson till after war ( B15B p.199). Lived 41, Clark St, Bethnal Green and 120, Clarence Rd, Clapton, E5. Born Merthyr Tydfil ?
M. Goldberg, from Russia, 41 Clack St Stepney, Joe Garber PI.
Charles Gavatzman/Gautzman aka Boyd, 165 Balderston Rd/132 Balls Pond Rd, Hackney E8/ Stoke Newington.
Jimmy Goldsmith, “Apprentices Of Freedom” p123.
R Goodman, 10, Newton Rd., The Park, Nottingham, kia February 1937 Jarama.
Alfred./Albert Goodman,3, Kenmure Rd, Hackney (ML).
W R Goodman, 18, Briggs St., Salford, kia February 1937 Jarama.
Ben S. Goodman, 72 Bignor St, Manchester (MML).
Charlie Goodman, 8, Eagle Place, Stepney.
673 Bob Goodman, boxer from Manchester (CTC p 39). He was believed mia/ thought kia, Arganda Bridge olive groves, Jarama, or a POW, 12.2.37. Other sources say he survived and was a Tank Commander at Alamein WW2.
Leo Green kia February 1937 at Jarama. From Dublin, possibly not Jewish
Maurice Green, 58, Heywood St, Manchester (MML), kia March 1938 Aragon.
Dave Goodman, 14 Rockliffe Rd., Middlesborough, POW March 1938, repatriated 2/39-(MSCW p 74).
Henry/Harry Gross/Groeser, 346, Commercial Rd., London, E1 wia 12.1.37/kia July 16th 1937 Brunete. He was cousin of Louis Stoller of Leeds . His father owned a small sweet shop. Was active in Jewish Lads Brigade and YCL. When his family discovered he was going to Spain they took and hid his clothes! He went anyway.
George Albert Gross,Hammersmith.
D Grossart,Glasgow,died of wounds April 1937 Jarama.
Mark Gura, 18, Sigdon Rd, Hackney, London, kia Februry 1937, Jarama.
Alan aka Abe Harris, 34, Cowper St, Leeds PI - upholsterer.
Sidney Harris, POW (MML), Leeds, lived in Chicago.
Bertram Harris, 24 Kerbele St, E2, aged 17 years – b. Leeds
Samuel Hanvet/Hansey, 3 Exchange St, Cheetam, Manchester – may not have gone to Spain??
Stanley Israel Brentman aka Harrison, 42, Gains Rd, Southsea, Hants, born Southwark.
Willy Heriberg, South Africa, POW.
Augustus Harris, Bootle kia 21/23 July 1937 Brunete, 29 Bandor St, Liverpool.
Jack Harris, 34 Cowper St, Leeds (MML) – brother of Alan/Abe above?.
Dr Tudor Hart (TSD), 16 King St (?) London, Chief Doctor at Motoro Hospital.
427 William Harvey/Horwitz, USA, Prago. Aka Aubrey Redman, lived 22, Whitechapel Rd and 54 Prince George St, Portsea, Portsmouth.
763 Martin Hempel, Leyton, London – kia July 1938, Ebro.
“Jock” Charles Hyman,123b, South Portland St., Glasgow, kia 30 March 1937, Jarama. Member Hashomer Hatzair Zionist Socialist youth group
Jacob Hyman/Hyman Jacobs (?) (MML).
Charles L Hart, 1, Stanmore Rd, Burley, Leeds (MML).
Simmy/Simon Hirschman/Hirshman (Simanis Hirsmanis), born 14.2.12 in Auce, Latvia, son of Wolf and Lily nee Weinberg . His memoirs recorded by Cyril Silvertown and Martin Sugarman PI. Simmy lost all his family in The Holocaust when Latvia was overrun. Served Latvian artillery 1932-3. He served in Spain in a Balkan heavy artillery group (Kolarot), completed officers and commissars training, then in a German 11th Brigade anti-tank battery. Eventually he served in the Polish Dombrowski Battalion and witnessed the Ebro battle where most of the Botwin Company were virtually wiped out; wounded 4 times; he crossed into France with many refugees on 14 February 1939, his birthday! From 1940-47 served in the British Merchant Navy, as many IBer’s were refused service in the Armed Forces and regards himslf as a British veteran. Separate information and tapes in AJEX archives, with photos.
Sid Hamm, Cardiff Labour Party, kia July 1937, Brunette, 32 Lisvane St, Cathays – tbc if Jewish.
Morris Isaacs, Stepney, E.1, wia Madrid (MML).
1393 Lionel Jacobs, Nottingham, born 5, Aspland Rd, Hackney, E8, POW March 1938, repatriated 2/39, Gandesa . He was exchanged for Italian POW’s 1939 ( MSCW p 105).
Hyman Jacobs aka Harry Jackson, born 1913, 30 Bedford St, Stepney and described in his brother Joe’s book “Out of the Ghetto”, pub. by .J Simon 1978 (MML). POW March 1938, repatriated 2/39. Hyman witnessed many atrocities committed on Republican POW’s.
Jacobs, South African pilot.
460 Lazarus Jacks/ Leslie Jacques, lived at same address as Davidovitch, 638 Seven Sisters Road, London.
431 William Frank Jacobson,44 Winsford Terr., Edmonton, E18/N18.
Arnold Jeans, aka Geenes/Genis, b. Latvia, lived 43 Brighton Grove, Manchester, kia 19.12.36 Boadilla with Sid Avner (above).
Emmanuel “Manny” Julius, London, kia August or October, 1936 Aragon/Alcubierre. Born 25.5.1912 Westcliff-on-Sea, moved in 1925 to Brondesbury, London NW2, educated at Kilburn Grammar School. Went to Spain in late 1935 as driver and correspondent for the “News Chronicle” Ambulance Volunteers, joined the militia who went on raids behind the enemy lines and he was killed. Letter from sister Faiga Olins 4.1.99, with photo.
George Jeger, 24 New Oxford St, London
Kahn? kia PI at reunion 1998, not in MSCW.
Dr Kahn, MML archive.
Arnold Kellan/Kallan, ambulance driver, MML archive.
Kagan,wia Brunete July 1937.
Sam Kaplan kia at Fuentes de Ebro, rescuing a wounded comrade; also Lincoln Brigade.
Joe Kahn aka Raphael Cohen, Warehouseman, 37, Wellington Ave., Stamford Hill, N16, London. Information from Cyril Silvertown.
Stanislaus/Stephen Kaminiski, London (MML)/Glasgow – tbc if Jewish
Alfred Asher Keffenbaum/Kaffebrum (TNA index Foreign Office 1937), Israel/London.
1584 Jack Kramer aka John Kremner, salesman from 269 Middleton Rd, Manchester/Bolton and Birmingham, MML.
Isidore Konigsberg, 106 Cheshire St Bethnal Green, POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38(MML).
Herbert Klein, became US news correspondent for “New Masses”, Crook diaries.
Jacques Kaminiski (Polish/French), Prago.
“K” Kavetsky – USA (?).
Lou Kenton, WW2 Merchant Navy PI, b. Mile End, lived Holborn, wia as medic ( see AJEX archives for detail).
Lillian Kenton, wife of Lou,physiotherapist.
P. Kop, kia Brunete July 1937 (DD p392).
Peter Kroger aka Israel Altman aka Morris Cohen, wia Aragon 1937. Born 1910, died 1995, served 15th Abraham Lincoln Brigade/USA and with British. Born in New York of Russian - Polish parents. 1226 Sherman Ave, NYC. Fought in WW2 in the US Army in Europe. Part of the notorious Portland spy ring in 1961. Fled to UK after Rosenberg trial; exchanged for UK spy in Russia.
Dr Richard Kisch, London, wia September 1936 in Battle for Majorca (BVFL p51) . Tom Mann Centurion.
Arthur Koestler, famous Hungarian born British writer and journalist, POW.
Joachim/Joseph Kalkstein, born 21.7.20 in Berlin of Polish parents. Fought in Spain and after joined Palestine Police, Czech Legion and then the British SAS. He was kia in France 27 August 1944 and buried at the CWGC cemetery at Recey in Southern France. A sister lives on a kibbutz in Israel and a brother in New Zealand. His grave originally had a cross but a non-Jewish comrade had this changed at a ceremony in 1999.
Kraus, London PI.
Krevatitsky – 2, Lewis Bldgs., Sydney St, E1 – ret. From Spain 3/9/38 (MI5 IB TNA, Kew)
M Kuhen, Liverpool, kia Jarama February 1937 (DD).
Issy/Isidore Kupchick Canadian kia at Segovia June 1937 14th IB (BVFL photo p81).
George Leeson MSCW p 17, POW Jarama, tried in Spanish court, sentenced to death, commuted, hostage with Goldberg till after war (B15B p.199 – 95). From Dalyell Rd Brixton SW9; Bill Alexander says he was Jewish.
436 Conrad Levine, 22, Shore Rd, Hackney (MML)
Mathew Levin/Levine (MML),Caerphilly.
1395 Maurice Elijah Levy, 33, Ridley Rd, Dalston, (MML).
Bert “Yank” Levy, 319 Glengarry Ave, Windsor, Ontario – served also with Macpaps and was SOE Guerrilla trainer in WW2 UK
434 Alf Levy, 123, Stepney Green Bldgs., E1 (MML).
Reuben J. Lewis, 15 Sydney Sq, Stepney (MML).
Sydney Lewis, London, kia July 1938 Gandesa (MML) – lived Block 7, Princlet St, E1.
Joseph Levinsky, Chicago, served with British, wia Jarama 20/3/37
600 Cecil M. Louis, 14 Sandringham Rd, Golders Green, Air Force air mechanic (MML).
M Landau, London.
David Lomon – see Solomon, below
1420 Alfred Litchfield, alias Lichtfeld kia Gandesa 7th July 1938 – c/o L Soller, 115 Rossmore Ct, W1.
Pincus Percy Ludwick, Chief Engineer of the 5th Brigade, born Oct. 1908 London, lived Manchester. His father was born Minsk and returned to Russia and kia 1920 in Civil War against Whites. After Spain Percy served in the Soviet Air Force in WW2; details at MML including his unpublished book. Married Sasha, lived Russia after WW2.
Samuel R. Lee aka Levy, 29 Norcott Rd., Stamford Hill, N16, London, kia 23-27 February 1937 Jarama with Lincoln bat., only son of Mr and Mrs Levy of Hoxton Rd, London, N1. Entry in Jewish Chronicle of 28/2/41 page 3 . Other sources say with the Irish Connolly column. Believed sent home at one point, for misbehaviour
1207 Ariel Levine, 40 Parliament Fields, Hampstead, London kia March 1938 31st Aragon/Caspe.
1241 Lt Frank/Ernest/Ephraim Lesser PI, Hackney.
Jack Victor Levy aka Lewis, London
Sam/Manassa Lesser aka Russell wia ankle and back 28.12.36 (MSCW pp.23/4), 39/89 Lauriston Rd, Hackney E9, brother of Frank above.
Simon Lipschitz, b. Poland, from Haifa, Israel, returned Israel 1939
601 Maurice Levine, 63, Kings Rd., Prestwich, Manchester, a tailor’s cutter, author of “Cheetham to Cordova” published by the Manchester Jewish Museum, 1984, by Neil Richardson. Levine was a veteran of the Kinder Scout Trespass, was twice wia in Spain (firstly at Brunete) and was in WW2 ( page 80 MSCW). Maurice was guard over Col. Delasalle the night he was shot for treason. He also saw Josip Broz (TITO) in Spain even though Tito denied being there.
Moritz Levy/Loewy, born 13.9.1921, Czech, fought in No 3 Jewish Troop, No 10 Commando as Maurice Latimer and fought at Dieppe, Normandy and Walcheren.
Morry Levitus/Levitas POW March 1938 by Italians at San Pedro Camp, repatriated 2/39 (PI) of 3, Durward St./78 Brady St Mans., E1. Originally from Dublin, he was the only Irish Jewish volunteer from a tiny community. Son of Harry (born Kovno and came to Ireland 1912) and Leah nee Rick, he was born 1.2.17 at 8, Warren St, Dublin, educated at St Peter’s Church of Ireland School. Family went to Glasgow 1927 and London 1931. Morry served WW2 RAMC Burma, became a plumber after and then lecturer, then taught in East Germany.
Paul Lewis aka S Silver, 36, Hallswell Rd., Golders Green, London PI ; veneer worker. Mother French, he later lived in Australia.
Arthur Lerner, 39 Alkham Rd, Stoke Newington/ also Canada, POW March 1938, repatriated 5.2.39.
Maurice Linden, aka Lubliner – from Kirkaldy, Scotland, medical services
Cecil Frederick Mennel, Canada/ 44 Seymour St., Camden,London, 1938 kia at Terruel, PI Joe Garber.
Alan Marks aka Jacsensky, tailor, 6, Craven St., E1 London kia, July 1937 Brunete.
Sam (Simon) Masters aka Morris Simon, 16/110, Newark St., E1 London, kia July 1937 Brunete. Cited for “coolness and efficiency”, MML archive.
George Mayer – discharged as medically unfit
Joe Maisters, 82 Grange Ave., Leeds PI.
Martin Messer, Glasgow and 26 Lydon Rd SW4, kia 20 December 1936 Boadilla, CO British 4th Machine Gun Coy.
Mike Milton aka Wolf Kupinsky, born USA, lived Oxford
1340 Maurice/Sam/ Lionel Miller, 47, Morpeth St, Hull, kia Aug 1938 Ebro/Sierra Pandols, Hill 666.
Jacob Nus Mendel, pilot from Jo’burg South Africa.
Dr Minkoff, worked with nurse Goldin/Spiegel (MML), Bulgarian via UK.
1348 Alex Marcovitch,tailor, 415 Eglinton St., Glasgow (MML).
Morris Mendelson, 135 Wellington Rd South, Stockport, Manchester (MML), upholsterer.
Montague Mandell, 16 Aristotle Rd, Clapham (MML) and Manchester ,kia July or Feb 1937 Brunete/Jarama.
Marcel Montague, Richmond Rd, W12, London.
David Mindline aka Danker, 25 Shakespeare Gdns, NW10 Finchley/45 Marlborough St, W1 (MML).
1093 William Moses aka W Stewart (MML), 127 East Rd, London N1, plumber, army no 143424, Canadian (?) – kia??.
Phil Morris, 33, Cambridge Bldgs., Darling Row E1, London – kia 2 February 1937 Jarama .
Bert Masky, aka Barnet Masanskey, 167, Lloyd St/ 61 Moreton St, Manchester (CTC p39), kia Arganda Bridge olive groves, Jarama 12.2.37 or POW - not known. Born Lithuania. Sister married to Sam Wild.
Anton Miles, 1, Stapleton Villas, Wadsworth Rd/Wordsworth Rd, Stoke Newington, N16.
Wolf Nathan aka William - POW 3/38, repat. 10/38 – fruiterer and seaman, Aubrey’s Fruit Store, Newington Green N16/12 Challis Ct, Commercial Rd. E1 - boxed under name of Jock McGregor
A S Nathan - London - KIA July 1937, Brunete
David H. Newman – 54, South Rd, Edmonton, N9 (ML)
1399 Max Nash aka Nunez/Nashitz - Sephardi from 13 Clarence Gdns, Clarence Rd, Hackney, London - KIA Ebro/Gandesa July/Aug 1st 1938 by a sniper.
Major George Montague Nathan, b. 1896, WW1 Professional Guards Officer or NCO, POW 1917-1918 - Brigade Staff and Operations Officer in Spain, smart, pipe-smoking with clipped moustache, from Bethnal Green, London, and Manchester, arrived Spain 1936 – kia 16 July 1937 at Torra le Donas, Brunete, constantly exposing himself to enemy fire with his pistols, officers riding boots and riding crop. He was accused by some comrades for being with the Black and Tans in Ireland, and accused of murder in Limerick, but acquitted at an informal hearing of any misdeeds. He was wia by aerial bomb shrapnel organising withdrawal at Brunete in Guadarrama hills, and died in Madrid. Nathan had been the first CO of the British No 1 Company Nov/Dec 1936 (see above), Staff Officer and later Chief of Staff of 15th Battalion, CO of 11th battalion and of the 14th Brigade, and First CO of the Dumont Batallion on Madrid and Cordoba fronts (Fred Copeman, British Batallion Roll of Honour, 1939, courtesy of Louis Stoller of Leeds). Owing to his great popularity and well known contempt for danger, he was given a funeral with full military honours when buried. Melody Buckley of USA and Ireland working on his biography.
Alfred H Needleman, 420, Mare St, Hackney/ 8 Junction Place, Amhurst Rd., Hackney, London (PI), POW March 1938, repatraited 10/38.
1379 Michael Nuns aka Emile Pezzaro kia Aragon March 1938, of 107, Mt Pleasanr Lane, Clapton E5, Hackney.
Nurse Jeanette Opman aka “Jadzka” and “Juanita” from Vilna via France, information from Len Crome (Len says there were dozens of Jewish women fighters and nurses especially from Poland and Czechoslovakia - PI).
Samuel G. Paesta/Paster, Stepney/Hammersmith, wia Madrid Nov/Dec 1936, No 1 Coy, 3rd Section, with Thaelmann Brig. (MML); probably alternative name for Sam Masters.
Elliott Paul, journalist and author of “Life and Death of a Spanish town”.
Avigdor Pickholz, born 1915 in Poland and lived in Essen, Germany, and Paris. He was wia and died Gibraltar 1938/9. Two brothers lived in Israel.
Marc Persoff/Perzoff/Penzoff, Swiss – kia 20/3/37 Jarama (MML).
Leslie Praegar, Victoria Park, Manchester, Ambulance unit.
Edward “Ernie” Paul, 71 Malham Rd., Forest Hill London, seaman, kia February 1937 Jarama.
1553 Michael/Michaelis Pavlov, London (MML), possibly a Greek Jew from Cyprus or Polish - tbc? Also served Lincoln Brigade – info from Paul Phillipou who is half Jewish and half Cypriot!
Dr Ruth Prothero, b. Leipzig, nee Schurer, daughter of Albert Gustav Schurer
Stephen Pollak, b. Berlin, lived Chelsea and Stepney E1
866 Richard Harry Pressman, 63, Higher Carbridge St/64 Brook St, Manchester, Anti Aircraft Batallion (MML) .
Bert Ramelson, Leeds (MSCW p 92) born Bachran/Baruch Ramelson/Ramilevich in, Cherkassy Ukraine, 22.3.10, lived first in Canada as a child in 1921 in Edmonton, Alberta. Was a University law graduate, but went to Spain 24.8.37 as a Lieutenant and fought on the Ebro and Aragon fronts in the Canadian Macpaps (McKenzie-Pappinneau Batallion) and was twice wounded. Returned to UK March 1939 to Royal Tank Corps in WW2, POW at Tobruk in 1941 and in Italy, escaped after 2 years and then served in the army in India. Later on executive of British Communist Party. Died 13th April 1994.
Louis Rosenbloom, possibly from Manchester, one of 3 brothers who served also in WW2 – information from family. May have used an alias in Spain
Phil Richards, an alias for Caplan, after Richard St, off Canon St Road E1, where he lived, and 83, Shirland Gardens, Maida Vale, W7 - information from childhood friend Louis Stoller of Leeds (letter Sept. 1999). He was a lightweight boxing champion and kia in Spain at Jarama 12/2/37.
Monty/Maurice Rosenfeld/ Rosenfield (BVFL p246) – 17 Granton St/46 Lord St, Cheetham, Manchester, kia in Italy in WW2, won MM in Italy.
Reginald Rose, Elgin Cres, Paddington – tbc if Jewish
David Rosenberg, joined from Belgium, family in UK.
A. Rubens,Cheetham, Manchester – found to be under age and repatriated.
Gen. Yaakov Vladimirovich Smushkevich (“Douglas”), Senior Air Force adviser and fpilot and de facto Commander (Russian). Stern/Shtern and he were all later recalled to to Moscow and executed by Stalin.
Arthur Stakewski/Stashevsky, Polish/Russian and economic adviser to Republican Government, later executed by Stalin.
Jacques Sokel/Sokol, 112 Carleton Rd, N7, Polish born, kia on board ship ‘City of Barcelona’ (MML and J Carmody).
Joseph Samson (MML).
Alfred (later SIR) Sherman aka Theodor Vladimir Carmel, born 19 Median Rd., Clapton, London/40 Amhurst Pk/5, templar hse, Southwold rd, E5 b. 10.11.1919, POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38, married to Zahava nee Levin, also fought in WW2, was journalist for Jewish Chronicle and Daily Telegraph post war, economic advisor to Israeli and British Governments, fellow of LSE, a member of The West London Synagogue. Died 2006.
Alan Sheller/Alick, Stepney,Tom Mann Centurion.
Louis Shine/Schein, b. in Whitechapel – of 4 Gardiner Ave., Cricklewood, POW (MML). Recruited by General Morris ‘Two Gun’ Cohen from Norwood orphanage
450 Alec Terry “Tiny” Silverman, 4 or 7, Beaumont Sq, E1 (MML).
Louis Silverstein, 7, Darnley Rd, Hackney E9 (MML).
Nathan aka “Nicholas” Segal OR Cohen, 7, Connaught Rd, West Ham, London, kia 27 December 1936/37 Cordoba/Lopera, cut down by aircraft machine gun fire.
R L Samuel.
Charles Percy Santor, 1, Quantock Hse, Lynmouth Rd, Hackney, N16
Frank Squires aka Antrim – wife Jewish and son live in Jerusalem, Israel.
Gerald Shirlaw/Steele, b. Poland, from Liverpool
Alfred Sterling/Stirling also of Sheffield – lived 74 Manor Rd, Stoke Newington, b. Ukraine 1899 – real name Jacob Schwartz – POW WW2
Harry Strauss, b. UK but served with Thaelmann’s
547 Victor Shammah, 116, Burton Rd, Withington, Manchester, kia March 1938 Aragon, letters at MML archive.
J G Schwitzer, Czech born 8.3.1920, fought No 3 Jewish Troop, No 10 Commando in WW2 as Tommy Swinton.
Jack Sherpenzeel/Sherpenell, London, kia 31 Jukly 1938 Ebro, from Maaschavenbib, Rotterdam.
Dr Randall/Randolph Sollenberger, from Baltimore USA and Highland Falls NY, working at St Mary’s Hospital, London (Paddington), Manchester (Bury Infirmary) and USA. Was in 11th Brigade, Edgar Andre Batallion, surgeon and anesthesist, short, stout, bearded, with a slight speech impediment. Refused to stay at base but kept in the front line with his men, often taking up arms to fight. Later served 15th Brigade, dressing many wounded in exposed positions at Mosquito Hill, Brunete. He was kia tending wounded in his truck after running back and forth all day, rallying men all the time to fight, July 1937 Brunete; he pioneered the use of a mobile operating theatre.
Nathan Steigman, baker, 65 Greenfield St., E1, London, kia 27 February 1937 Jarama.
John Stevens, aka Moses Myer Nagelman, Norwood orphan, engineer from 15 Highbury Hill, Islington, murdered whilst a POW Feb 1937 Jarama with Elias, 381 Mile End Rd.
David Smulevitch m, Polish, took part in Auschwitz uprising of October 1944 (Prago).
Jack/John Sylvester aka Silverstone, 60, Church St/45 Redchurch St, Bethnal Green/, London, student at Shoreditch Technical College, kia February 1937 Jarama.
Stephen Spender, Jewish writer and poet.
1171 Sam/Charles Spiller, London, PI Joe Garber.
718 Sidney Silvert/Silver, 26a Hewitt St/26 Perth St, Manchester (MML).
Solomon Simon, 17 Broughton St., Cheetham, Manchester (MML), tailor.
163 Ernest W. Spenger/Sprenger , 26, Greenham Rd, Muswell Hill, London mia/wia Caspe, 3/38(MML).
Moses Stang – 13, Brixton Hill Rd, Brixton (MML).
Joseph Sloan, Kilburn
1274 Leslie and Edward Starr,41, Fairey/Fairway Lane, Bury New Rd., Manchester 8 (MML) – TWO brothers (James Carmody).
Jack/George Stone aka H G Levenstern/Levenstein, London.
Max Swirsky – b. Mile End 1914, worked on ships taking supplies to north Spain from UK for the IB . Fought with KRRC in Crete and was wounded and POW and later died of wounds in 1942 – buried in CWGC cemetery at Phaleron.
1543 David Solomon aka Lomon, POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38, salesman of 60, Gore Rd, Victoria Pk., Hackney E9. Later served worldwide in Royal Navy in WW2. When he died in 2013 he was the last Jewish UK veteran of the SCW, after Phil Tammar, who died in Jan 2014.
G Silverstone, Norveegan St, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Jack/George Stone/Silverstone, London ( Crook diaries MML).
Vladimir Sheraman, London.
Gordon Leslie Siebert, West Ham and 45 Grange Rd, Chigwell.
Geoffrey Servantes, 40a Amhurst Pk, Stamford Hill N16 b. Scotland (?)
Rafael Schaltz wia (MML), USA? Survived sinking of SS City of Barcelona 30.5.37.
Maurice Stott, 131, Sandy Lane, Rochdale kia 12.3.37, Jarama.
Maurice Swindells (“Eddie”), 15 Clifton Ave., Manchester, kia February 1937 Jarama.
Joseph Selligman aka Frank Neary, student of 1415 Willow Ave, Louisville, Kentucky USA
John Sommerfeld aka Sommerfield, London, Commune de Paris Batallion, 125th Brig., Madrid.
Julian Sanders/Saunders, Clapton, London, POW March 1938.
Ronald A. Robert Symes, London, died of wounds Casa de Campo Nov/Dec 1936, Madrid; from Hants., possibly not Jewish.
Paul Schuster, South Africa, Thaelmann Batallion.
J. or G. Slavenberg.
Conrad Singer /Chuna Zhinger, served Rumanian Army, Anna Paulker Battery in Spain . Was wia battle of Teruel and later served WW2 French Foreign Legion. Was POW, liberated and joined British Army, lived in Blackpool after War (MML), died Oct 2006.
1426 Alf Salisbury, b 1907, 11 Sydney Sq, Stepney, parents refugees from Riga, booklet at MML archive.
Isidore Springer, Polish, later in the “Red Orchestra” spy ring against the Nazis (Prago).
Robert Silcock, Liverpool, POW with M. Goldberg and G Leeson; Bill Alexander says he was Jewish but the family refute this.
917 Jack Shaw/Schukman/Shore of 47, Fieldgate Mansions, Myrdle St, E1 (PI ), born 1917 Stepney, retired cab driver.
C. Simmons kia 27/2/37 Jarama (?) aka Charles John Fairbank, born Portsmouth, possibly not Jewish
333 Robert Andrew Sloss (? Tbc if Jewish)
Morris Simon, b. Bulgaria.
Isidore Sonin, husband of Natalie of Whitechapel; see obituary of David Sonin in Times 11/6/08
Sam Smil, wia Jarama, Romanian lived in London . After was interned in France and then offered French nationality by General Weygand to join the Foreign Legion as did many Spanish Civil War veterans. Fought at Narvik in 1940, escaped by boat to UK and joined the British army.
General Emilio/Emile/Grigori Kleber CO International Bnigade, aka Morris or Manfred /Lazar/ Stern/Feteke, born Czernowitz, Russia 1896/8 (?), where there is a street named after him. He was captured as an officer in the Austro-Hungarian cavalry in 1916 in WW1 then fought against Whites in Red Army as commissar of a partisan unit 1921, wia several time. He then fought Japanese and Czechs in Soviet Far East, advised Chinese 1933, was Chief Soviet advisor to Spanish High Command. Later he lived in Canada, charismatic defender and saviour of Madrid commanding 11th Int. Brig. and later 45th Div. June 1937. Possibly murdered in Stalin’s purges in 1954/1938 (?). ARE MANFRED AND GRIGORI STERN TWO DIFFERENT PEOPLE??
638 Lewis James Stansfield, alias?? - 39, Cuthbert St, Newton, Manchester.
Ernest Spenger, 26 Greenham Rd (?)
873 J. (?) Samson Tobias, 6 Cricketfield Rd. Clapton, E5.
Phil Tammer /Tammar aka Diamond, 134 Vallance Rd, E2, b. 1915, father of Maxine, died 2014 - POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38 (MML). – the last Jewish SCW veteran in UK
Louis Tanklevitch/Tankovitch, 38 Fortescue St, Liverpool, kia March or July 1938 Ebro/Gandesa with Lincolns/Washingtons. Also of 15 Dardew Ct, N12.
Victor Tabbush, b. Cairo, lived 49, Weston Pk, N8, London.
Abraham Trauber, 3, Dundridge Place, Bethnal Green, kia September 1938 Ebro.
Ena Vassie, Czech nurse (PI).
H. Wise,London, kia Janury 1937, Cordoba.
Ernie Wooley an alias – b. Manchester, of 9 Bishpan Ave, Redditch, kia behind the lines as an agent
Claude Warsaw/Warson /Warsow, born 9/10/1906 or 03 Southsea, Hants, RAF 1926-31, FO 101 Bomber Sqdn in Palestine and Egypt, c/o Hampden Club, NW1. Served in Andre Malraux Sqdn in Spain kia 26.9.36 Toledo/Taluvera and given full Jewish funeral. Left a father and widow and daughter ; see AJEX files from Daily Express and Foreign Office. Son of Joshua Warsow, Turkish national..
George Westfield, an alias, from 159, Grove Rd, Liverpool/Manchester 8 (?), kia October 1937 Aragon/Fuente del Ebro.
Frederick Weinbusch/Wimbush, of Donegal St, Pitsea and London W11
Alec Wainman of Oxford – tbc if Jewish
Jack S. White, 52, Myrdle St, E1, London, kia 13 February 1937, Jarama.
1055 Wilfred/Alfred Winnick, machinist of 8, Eastham Ave., Fallowfield Manchester (MML).
Albert Wallace, alias, Cheetham, Manchester.
Sam Wagenheim, Leeds, MSCW p 92-3.
Mick White, brother of Jack kia, 10, King John St, London, E1, tailor.
Jack/James Wolfe, 11, St Margaret’s Rd, Hillingdon, London, b. Plymouth, member Hashomer Hatzair Zionist Socialist youth group, kia Aug 1937 Belchite. Possibly survived
Bernard G Winfield, 76, St Answell Rd, Nottingham - kia 19/1/38 Teruel.
Harry Wise, 20, Kenmount Gdns, NW10, London - kia 12/1/38 Las Rozas.
Charles Wightloff – an alias - from Margate
1251 Pantelis/Zacharia Zachriov/Zachriou, London (MML), Greek, WiA (?). Lived 74, Berwick St – tbc if Jewish – info Paul Phillipou
501 Doumont Z(S)ubchaninov, 15 Sandcroft Abbey, SE2 (MML), aka Jim Ruskin IB interpreter from Russia, linguist and transmissions officer.
The Polish Jewish Volunteers - extracted mostly from “No Passeran – Polacy w Wojnie Hiszpnskiej” ( Polish Participation in the Spanish Civil War) pub. by Ministry of Defence, Warsaw, 1963 by Simon Hirshman and DD. Other names come from Szurek’s book “The Shattered Dream”. The Polish battalions were the last to leave Spain. The first Polish and Italian Jewish volunteers fought at Irun on Aug 28th 1936 (DD p33)
Four of the 22 Committee members of the surviving 500 Polish Brigade after the war, which gathered in February 1939 at the beaches of St Cyprien in Southern France, with the survivors of the IB and the Republican army, were Jews
Sgt Chaim Jungman
Capt. Julian Kirchner, kia with Polish Partisans
Capt Seweryn Sewe Kirszenbaum, kia with French Partisans
Capt. Emanuel Mundek Mink, CO of the Jewish Botwin bat. (which had its own Yiddish newspaper, flag and language of command) and French Resistance WW2. Born 23.4.1913 in Tomaszov, Poland – lived Paris after WW2.
Abram Abramovicz, KIA 1936 defence of Madrid, Casa de Campo
Abram “The Blockhead” – Botwins - TSD
Abram Abramovich – tank commander (Russian) KIA Brunete in 1937 with 108th Brigade (TSD).
Krasny Abrascha – fought with Thaelmann’s (?)
Marian Abramczyk – machine gunner – TSD
Joseph Adler aka Feldman - died 1955 Poland
Maurice Aisenberg (French)
Moryc Aizenberg (French) KIA 1937
Severyn Ajzner aka “Victor” – war correspondent - TSD
Tovie “Mick” Aizen aka Tadek aka Alek Tmoasz kia Estramadura
Victor Seweryn Aizner aka “Wiktorek”
Ms. Golda Akerman murdered by the Nazis
Weronika “Vera” Akerman aka Wera
Moise Alcobitz – Turkish - Botwins
David Aleksandrowicz KIA with Polish Partisans
Efraim Altenberg died in Australia
Dr Josef Altman
Ms Sara “Ala” Altman
Maurice Maryc Amtler - disappeared in Toulouse fighting Nazis
Anka aka Paris
Jacob Aronowicz/Aronovich - died Belgium
Mans/Max Aronowicz aka Michel
Josef Leon Aronson
Alfred Augersztajn – engineer – TSD
Chaim Augarten – France – aka Rzeszow, wia Spain and fought in French Resistance
Aaron Aumont aka Butkow
Jacub Bachrach - UK
Dr “Kuba” Bachrach - TSD
Josef Balcen - died in Warsaw Ghetto uprising
Isaak Szumon Bailowicz b. 1906, brother of Wolf, below, kia 1943 with Kostcinko Division
Wolf Bailowicz b. Mlawa, Poland 1902 aka Vovke – lived France, kia
Josef Balcerzak - shot by Nazis 1942
Pejsach Baranczuk died in Anjele sur Iller camp, France
Abraham “Motke” Basok kia 1938 at Syre/Ebro
Leszek Eliasz Bastocki (“Red Thread”) – a Commissar – TSD
Dr Simon/Szmuel Baulka - TSD
Leon Baum/Boim kia Madrid
Isaak Baumel aka Lombard – shot by Nazis
Elias Begelman (Russian)
Alexander Beker aka Ferry (?)
Leon Liova Bengom
Samuel Baumorojchaj – USA
Bengold – pilot
Alex “Ferry” Olek Bekier – Commissar 5th Corps - TSD
Rafal Berger/Eleazar Berger /Grunbaum - journalist
Maurycy “Marek” Berman
Herst Henrtk Bialawaz
Abraham Bielenki/Bielinski - kia Spain
Boleslaw “Bolek” Bilgrajer
Henach Beankrot/Heinich Blankrot - kia Madrid/Zaragossa - from Kalisz, Poland.
Ernest Blank aka “Karl” German Commissar kia Granollers 1938.
Jonasz “Jonas” Blejwas/Bleisweis
Blicban – aka Skorupinski – emigrated to Israel – died 1985 - TSD
Morris Blizbau – POW aged 26
Michael Bron – Coy. Cmdr. - TSD
Marcek Boczar - murdered by Nazis in French Resistance
Jonas Brodkin – born Turkish Palestine – expelled to Austria, lived France, WIA Spain (lost a leg) – TSD.
Marian Boben - Israel
Gerszon Dua Bogen - died Poland 1948
Samuel Max Bot kia Spain – from Lublin
Fanny/Freda Bre - nurse
Josef Brikner kia Lerida, 1938, Spain
Jonas Brodkin – b 1901, wia Ebro – died Israel 1985
Isaac Bronstein (Russian)
Zelig Bronstein - pilot
Mietek Broniatowski from Czenstochow
Josek Bruchner from Rzeszow kia
Dr Josef Bryl/Brill
Helena Brzostoska – nurse
Felix “Fajka” Bulinski
Boleslaw “Simon” Bulka
Ms Frida Buchbinder - murdered by Nazis in Holocaust
Miguel Bukovic, labourer aged 34 – Hung.
Benjamin Burg – b. 1916 Tchernowitz - kia
Abram Bursztyn - kia Spain 1938
“Carlos” – from Argentina, a Commissar - TSD
Boris Cejtlis – Latvian kia Guadalquivir - TSD
Jaszar Chein – born Vilna, educated Berlin – Officer in German Thaelmann Brigade, 11th Coy. – TSD.
Boris Chein, brother – died 1975 Paris.
Pinkus Chaite died 1952 USSR
Kazimierz “Winkler” Chichowski
Abram Chroskiel – Belgium
Simche Cialek - died with French Resistance
Chaim Emile Cukier – b. 1919 Radom, 12 in family of 13 – kia Madrid
Jankel Cukierman/Jaime Chukiermann (??)
Tadeusz “Wladyslaw Stopczyk” Cwik
Natan Czak - kia 1937 madrid
Franck Czaplinski – machine gunner former French Legionnaire – TSD
Leon Czopek aged 41 - POW
Julio David aged 33 – Hungary
Dekhtyar/Dekhtar, Fydor – Soviet pilot mia 1937 but esc. to France and UK, served in British Army in Palestine - last known in Israel in 1946
Henri/Henryk Deutscher - France
Azrie Dierschman (Russian)
Stanislaw Dobrowski POW
Dorka - TSD
Gershon Dua-Bogen (Prago)
Grzegorz “Gricha” Dzierzgowski
Fanny Edelman nee Jabcovsky, from Argentina – died 2011 aged 100 yrs
Josef Edenhofer – aka Pepe – Czech ambulance driver - TSD
Jakub “Wolf Eimerl” Ehrlich/ “Karol” - died of wounds 1937 Spain
Simon Eicher – USSR
T Einhorn (Rom.)
Beniamin Ekstein kia 1938 Spain
Szloma Elbaum b. 1911 Chelm - kia Gandesa 1938
Lipa Eiss (Pol/Fr)
Ms Zofia Senia Elingen - murdered at Auschwitz
Chaim Elkon/Elkron kia Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid (see Israel list)
Doctor Zofia “Sonia” Ellinger
Col. Josef Epsztein aka Gilles – shot by Nazis
Pinkus Erlich - died Paris
Dr Gabriel Ersler aka “Gabrish” – studied Switzerland, MO 13th Brigade – in French resistance WW2 – TSD – left Poland for Israel in 1968
S. Erlich – 3rd Coy. Mieckiewicz Bat.
Lt Henry Fajbushak
Emanuel Faingelerut - died Poland
Moniek Faingold – b. 1907 in Lodz, lived in Paris
Mojzez “Wonka” Faingold
Michal “Jaroslaw Tichy” Fajgman
Motel Mauryey “Schwartzer” Faltenberg Lenoir died 1959 USSR
Fischel Fefer – killed by Nazis
Stefan “Szloma Salomon” Felman
David Felsaistain kia Ebro 1938
Jeanne/Jeannette Ferry/Block - 14th Brigade (?)
Leib Szmuel Fidel
Mieczyslaw Fiala (Fialkowski)
Leib Samuel Fidel
Janek Josef Figlarz
Szmul “Stach” Fidel b Stasiow 1912, lived Belg., kia Guadalajara 14.1.37
Ilya Finn, Russian Jewish pilot (Jan Safarik web site)
Hersz Henryk Finkestajn kia 1938
Mojzese Fisz kia 1938
Fefer Fiszek - kia in French Partisans
Jonas Naftali Fiszek/Fiszman
Nachman Feek/Felk - escaped internment camp at Argeles but was betrayed and murdered at Dachau
Dr Major Stanislaw (Moishe) Flato, Polish Army, later served in China and Burma against Japanese, died Berlin 1972 – TSD. Is this Samuel/Victor/Mejcze Flato, CO 35th Div. Medical unit??
Menachem Fleg/Fleck – murdered by Nazis fighting in the Resistance in France
Simon Sumon Flok/Flek
Dr. Andre Flohrberbaum
Maria Fortus (Russ.)
Dr Theodore Frankel
Leon Friedman – Argentina
Bernard “Jam” Frejtkes
Zdzislav Fruchter, nurse
Frydman living in Varsovie
Jan Gabrowski POW
Josef Galant - kia 1938
Gayman-Tenenbaum – nurse
Jonas Gedulding aka Michele Martiniak – shot by Nazis in French Partisans 21.2.44 in Paris, buried Ivry – TSD.
Leon Cukier Geler
Maks Geller/Galer aka Seiger
Vida Geza – Roumanian artist – fought in French and Roumanian Resistance.
Josef Zdizslaw Kolbinsky Glazer - kia 1937 Barcelona
Wolf Gluckewsztajn/Glicenstein (Russian/French?)
Dr Jacob Glushkin
Michalak Gold /Sewek
Ivan Goldeszczuk (Ukrainian)
Lt Adolphe Goldgewicht – Belgian Resistance, deported to Nordhausen – died 3 months after liberation aged 30 years.
Charles Goldhar (?)
Eliasz Goldhamer kia 1938
Josef Fiszel Goldman
Morisca/Marien Gotelf, nurse
Maria Gotelf, nurse
Salomon Gotlib – b. Lvov kia Jan 1938 nr. La Gariga
Chaim Gottlib kia 1938 Estramadura
Dr Basil Goubin
Josef “Stefan Kurt” Granas
Albert Grinbaum aka Berger ; mother lived in Palestine - murdered by Polish Fascists 1946 Kielce, Poland
Matias Meir Grosman – murdered by Nazis in France
Jan “Jampoler” Grot
Abraham Ber Growajs
Jacub Gruber - died in France
Dr Jacques Grunblatt b. 26.10.11, Kolonia, Poland
Saeah/Suzanne Grunstein, nurse
Shlomo Grzywacz – shot by Nazis in Polish partisans – TSD.
Hillel “Bill/Robert” Gruszkiewicz – with Polish partisans, committed suicide rather than reveal secrets under torture – TSD.
Uszer Gruszka aka “Napoleon” because of shortness – Botwins, left Poland in 1968 purges and died Israel 1973.
Capt. Dr Kuba Grynsztajn – studied Zagreb – 13th IB, kia with 129th bat. – TSD.
Dr Maya Guimpel – sister of Boris (see Franco-Belge)
Ms Rachela Gunzig - Belgium
Zygmunt Simon Gutt – TSD.
Hentyk Guterman kia 1938
Zystryd Feliks Guterman - murdered Buchenwald
Sofia “Sonia” Gutman
Izrael Halbersberg b. Lublin kia Ebro 1938
Kalman Halfant kia Ebro 1938
Haller, kia Lerida
Arnold Halpen kia Estramadurs 1938
Artur “Stefan” Halpern
Boris Halpern – 4th M Gun Coy
Berl Halpern kia 1937 Valencia
Naftali Halpern aka Stefan Hlicki – fought with Palestinian Jews
Stefan Halpern kia 1938 Estramadura
Piekar Hatskel - pilot
Aron Hazenberg, France
Dr Joseph Heller aka “Rudek” – died Tel-Aviv 1976 - TSD
Dr Czeslaw Heilbrun
Abraham Helfand kia 1938
Dr Sonja Hellinger
General. Juliusz “Julek” Hubner
Benjamin/Benedykt Beniek Hirszowicz aka “Lasota”
Josef Hirczowski, kia Ebro
Chaskiel Hourfstein/Honigstein, of Lublin, died of wounds at Barcelona, battle of Ebro, last IB fighter to die manning his MG named “Leon Rubinstein”, a former Botwin commander who had been kia.
Dr Maria Jacubowski
Isaac Saloman Jecowic (Pupel)
Jacub Jusel - kia French Resistance
Leon Jurelstein kia 1936 Madrid
Wolf Jacubowicz Leib, born Lodz
Feliks Jacubowski aka Strarzak
Mordechai/Mordche Jacubowski, UK
Saloman Justyn Jaczwuski/Jaszunski aka Bacewicz - kia 1938 Ebro – born 1902 and was at universities of Lvov/Krakow.
Col Selig Joffe – chief engineer of Air Force
Srul Szwlul Joskowicz
Junckrant kia Madrid
Dr Roberto Jungman - Argentina
Sgt Chaim Jaime Jungman, Israel
Abram Jurski Adam Jungstein
Towia/Tove/Tadee (?) Jungstein kia Madrid
Josip Jusinec aged 32
Doktor Grisja Hercz/Henri Kac/Katz, USSR
General Simon Krivoshein – Russian – info. from Prof Asher Tropp- commander of Tanks.
Leon Kac, died Poland 1946
Capt. Vesebil Kagan
Josef Kalb, kia 1937 Spain
Abraham Kalmanowicz kia Estramadura 1938
Dawid Kami, kia Spain
Kantor – murdered by Nazis WW2
Tauba Kapla - nurse
Dr Adolphe Kapler
Zygmunt Karlinski died 1952 - TSD
Ben-Yosef Kamy – brother – kia - TSD.
Chaim “Adolf” Karp, France
Pinkus Andrzej Piotr Kartin aka “ Szmidt”/Andrzejek - kia Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 1943.
Jacob Kasterenkow (Russian)
Josef Kawa, kia 1938 Gandesa
Josef “Gorecki” Kawa
Maks Kawa, kia France
Izaak Anton Kawenski
Izaak Kawenoki aka Anton
Sewek “Schepsl” Kirszenbaum – bat. cmdr. Murdered at Auschwitz - TSD
Simon Chamberlain “Boks” Konigsburg - b. 1917 Klimentov kia defending retreating comrades, Madrid Feb. 1937.
Josef Kestenberg, France
Dr Joseph Kestenberg
Szaja “Winkler” Kinderman
Julius “Julek” Kirchner, kia Spain
Jacub Kirmayer, kia Spain
Leon Kleinminz (Kolarski)
Natan Klein, murdered by Nazis 1944
Beniamin Benieck/Benki Kochanowicz – 2nd i/c Polish Brigade 1938
Capt. Antoni “Antek” Kochanek 1901-37 – one of first Dombrowskis KIA in Madrid – CO 4th bat.
Mordechai “Moniek” Kociak
Jacub Kofman kia 1938 Ebro
Mikhail Koltzov –Russian news correspondent
General Waclaw Komar 1909-72 – TSD – comm. of 129 Brig throughout war. Was Zionist Hashomer Hatzair in Israel before Spain – later in Polish Army till 1968!
Adelina Kondratieva nee Abramson, born Argentina, served 2nd Russian Bn.
Edek Koninski – Polish Army Colonel – died 1968 in Poland
Michail Koltsar – Russian war correspondent for “Pravda”.
Sholem Konsul (alias) kia in French Resistance
Pejsach “Lechter” Kon
Szmul Koninchowski - murdered by Polish Fascists
Karl Kormes (Ukr) aged 28 years
Eva Korotak/Korsak, nurse
Josef “Marcel” Kostecki
Izaak Kotlarz – Botwins - TSD
Kotowski aka Kac
Arthur Kowalski aka Aronson
Jechiel Henryk “Henri” Krauauer kia 1938 Spain
Ignace Krakaus – Resistance Commander, Lyon
Jospi Kraksner carpenter aged 32
Sjonka Kramsky – TSD
Abram Abracza Krasnowicki/Krasni/Krasnobrodszki
Daniel Kraus, from Lvov
Kranjold - murdered by Nazis in Poland
Ignace Krieger - Lodz
Eduard Krupman, Russian Jewish pilot (Jan Safarik web site)
Ignacy Krzemien aka Feuerberg
Majer Szulim Kukler
Mayer Kukles aka Scholem
Lt Josef Kuligowski - TSD
Vladimir/Valdemar Kupcis aka Volodia – Lithuanian medical orderly 35th Div. - TSD
Kupice - France
Benjamin Kur b. 1908 kia WW2 defending Moscow
Rachmil Kurc/Kurtz, kia 1937 Guadalajara
Josef Kutin – later Deputy Minister for Trade in Poland - TSD
Margarite “Maia” Kutin
Maks Kuzmak, kia Spain
Izrael Lanje kia 1938 Estramadura
Majzesz Chaim Laskier
Sioma Szymon Lechman, murdered Auschwitz 1945
Roman Lechter – war correspondent of Polish “Naje Presse” - TSD
Dr Riva Leibovitch
Josef Leitner POW aged 37
Dr Josef Domb Leitner
Efraim Leszer, POW
Pavel “Paul” Leszak aka Peisach Kohn
Dr Adela Lewinska
Adam Lewinski – 3rd Coy. Mickiewicz bat. – kia Ebro
Maurycy Leser, shot by Fascists in Spain
Maks Lewandowski POW aged 32 wia
Meir Lewi, kia Spain
Dorota “Dora” Birubach Lewin
Saloman Lewkowic, kia with French Partisans 1944
Scholem “Scholek” Lewkowicz
Salomon Liber b. Tomaszow 1902, aka Lubelski – kia
Dr Artur Lilker POW aged 33
Rubin Lipman (Russian?)
Simcha Lifszye b. Rzeszow – fought with the British
Josef Lipskind kia 1938 Lerida
Beniamin Lorento Lipszyc – Bundist kia Lerida
Barcelo Lipszyc, kia Spain
August Lisik POW aged 31
Majer List aka Markus - murdered by the Nazis – from Argentina
Zwi Litwak - kia France 1943
Mlle G. Litynska
Basil Lobasky POW aged 32
Dr Laura Lorska aka Slavka
David Jacub Lotninger kia Spain
Boleslaw “Kuba” Lubelski aka Bolek Zygielman
Ms Rachela Luftig, France
Chaim Macoeki kia 26/7/38 Gandesa
Yosef Kantor Majewssi
Josef Majzer/Majder kia Spain 1938
Janine “Juanita” Majler
Ruth Malinka, nurse
Leon Mandel - kia Spain
Aron Moszek Manhajm
Josef Mania kia, Casa de Campo, Madrid
Ermina Marcusohn, nurse
Franz Masur/Francisek Mazur aged 40 POW
Josef Mateak/Matkack kia Spain
Emil Mayer kia 1938 Ebro
Josef “Josiek Sulinski” Mazel b. Voronej, Russia 1914 husband of Sula, kia Ebro 1938 aged 24 years – war correspondent
Gina Medem – war correspondent for Yiddish newspaper – TSD.
Sgt Abrasha Melchior
Roman Melchior – Dombrowskis – TSD.
Maria “Maryska Jonasowa” Melchior
Hersz Leib Majerowicz, kia France 1941 with partisans
Isak Merovici (Ukr.) aged 35, carpenter
Horst /Chanan Meyer b. 16/2/12 in Laibau, went to Israel
Seweryn “Gold” Michalak
Michal “Stefan” Mielzynski – Polish partisan kia Warsaw.
Abram Milman kia Ebro 1938
Chaim Minkes aka Mietek Fiala
Rebele Moche (Le petit Rabin)
Jakub/Mospan Jacubi Filip Mopan
Elie Moses (Schmidt)
Stefan Motyka - TSD
Eliasz “Elek” Mozes
Albert V. Nachumi aka Arie Weitz – pilot - kia
Jose Efraim Naischuler
Josef Najder aka Mickew kia 1937 Cordoba
Moris/Mojzesz Najman kia
Foma Najszaler – TSD.
Elzbiets “Liza” Namiot-Hollender
Naratszki - pilot
Liuba Naskatir – nurse
Wolf “Bruno” Nerger
Ivan Nikiforovich aka Nesterenko – Ukrainian Commissar - TSD
Regine Ninkler - nurse
Baruch Bobrus Nysenbaum kia 1937 Villamajor de Gallago
Maurycy Ochshorn - doctor
Aisik Olek Olejar
Orzek “Olek” Hercel Nuss b. Siedlice 1912 wia – composed the Botwin Hymn – murdered by Nazis WW2
Major Tadeusz “Tadek” Opman – husband of Jeanette – one of Chiefs of Staff of Polish Brigade – lawyer, doctor (?) WIA, French Resistance – died 1958 in Paris – TSD.
Roman “Orlov” Orlovski
Rozalia “Angele” Paiwa
Leon Pakin, murdered by Nazis, Paris 1942
T.M. Pangalos/Panoglas (Greek)
Max Pawel POW aged 33
Feliks Pfefer kia with partisans, France
Sgt. Lejzor Piecznik, Argentina – Pole serving with the Thaelmann’s.
David Hersz Plomik – married a Spanish girl and kia aged 35 years leaving a child
Lt. Chaim Harry Poncz/Pencz aka “Chari” – wia.
Leon Wolf Propper
Artur/Aron Projekt, Israel
Abram Raiter, kia 1939 Catalonia
Zygmunt “Zach” Rafalovitch
Gustaw Rajcher (Rwal)
Adam Rapoport POW aged 34
Hersz Rapoport, kia crossing Wisla River with Polish Army
Liliane “Rilka” Ras
Israel Yehuda Rechter
Micha Reger aka Szyr Gerson aka Eugenisz Szyr (“Misza”) - Commissar of the Palafox
Dr Rachel Reich b. Varsovia, Poland
Simon Rejzman – TSD.
Izrael Juda Reicher
Gusrav “Rwal” Reicher murdered by Stalin 1940’s
Fiszel Reichman, Israel
Adolf Redig/Radig POW aged 39 wia
Ritter, kia 1937 Jarama
Charles Rochman, murdered by the Nazis in Belgian Resistance
Lawrence Rosenkrantz - nurse
Ernest Meir Rosental
Michal Herman Rosner from Kalisz - TSD
Dawid Rogovski Rotenberg
Lt Gerszon Rothalc, kia 1938 Gandesa – machine gunner – member of Poale Zion.
Leon Rosenbilt kia Jarama
Mojzez Mende Rosenhalc (Ukr.??), shoemaker aged 25 POW
Emanuel “Mundek” Rozenholc – b. 26.5.19 – nurse?
Marian Mojzesz Rosenknop
Mieczyslaw “Emil Vedin” Rosenstein
Ernest Majer Rosental
Joseph Rozmaryn/Rosmarin - pilot
Lt. Gerson Rotholz b. Varsovie 1917, kia Pradel 18.10.38
Aron Renka Rozowski
Josef Rozowski kia 1938, Spain
Josef “Gruby Le Gros” Rubinstein kia 1937 Saragossa
Leon Rubinstein died Poland 1961 – CO 2nd Naftali Botwins
Capt Leon Rubinsztayn kia Caspe 3/38
Josef Juda Leon Rubel, kia Spain
Szymon Rudzik murdered at Buchenwald
Moniak Rusinek POW aged 30
Jan Rutkowski – aka Simon – QMS Polish Brig. – French Resistance.
Fred Rzepkowicz – wia Lerida – TSD
Majzesz Moshe “Michel” Safir/Sapir
Rachel Sapir aka Vilner-Fanstein, sister of Moshe above – died of illness after Auschwitz
Joseph (?) Salzman/Salomon Salzman/Joseph Salomon (??)
Dr. Isidore Schapiro
Nussen (Jacques??) Scharf
Sabine (Vera??) Schaver
Abraham Shapira - artillery
Andrzejek Shuviut (?)/Schmidt POWkia Warsaw Ghetto uprising
Schiller/Schilleng - Hungarian
Lena Schir – nurse
Josef Schitzer kia 16.2. 1938 Estramadura – b. Aleandria Egypt 1917 when Polish parents Joshua and Ursula fled Palestine from Turks
Saloman Bruno Schleien, carpenter aged 34 (Ukr.) POW
Moritz Marycy Schneebaum/Schnobaum
Josef Schoenbach kia Aragon 1938
Schniel Kopel Schwarz
Hania Schwartz aka Faltenberg
Epstein Silverstein - nurse
Maurice Skalka kia
Srulek Skiersabolski, of Kalisz, kia
Micha Skorupinski wia/pow
Basil Sobaski, farmer aged 34 – Ukr.
Jakob Spilein (Russian?)
Eugene Stark b. 5.9.09 - nurse
Hersz “Maks” Stark
Dr Henryk Sternhel
Dr Henryk Stern
Dr Emanuel Stockman
Feliks “Jacubowicz”, Felek” Straszak
Henryk “Largo” Sulewicz - TSD
Sulinski – war correspondent KIA.
Jose Soler Sturtiwanti – Argentina POW
Lt Col Jozef Strezelcztk aka Jan Barwinski – 1900-42 – Cpl Plish Army, CO 13th Brigade in Spain – kia WW2 partisans
Ms Roza Susman
Pierre Svarzenberg (Russian?)
Mieczyslaw Miteke Szafram
Mojzesz Szafran kia Ebro 1938
Chaim Zelig Szajnfaber
Dr Ilja Szapiro (Vilna) kia Spain
Adela Szerman, Belgium – Polish nurse
Albert Szerman, Belgium/Polish
Alter Szerman, Belgium/Polish – from Anvers – Botwin commander
Major Gustav Szinda - CO 11th Brigade – later lived GDR
Dawid Eugeniusz Dawidek Szmulewski – escaped St Cyprien and survived Auschwitz.
Josef Strzelczyk aka Jan Barwiniski - TSD
Jacub Aron Sztajner
Sameli Sztamler, kia Aragon
Bernard Sztern kia 1937 Spain
Abram Sztokstil, died in French camp 1939
Dr Emmanuel Sztokman
Samuel Szumik, kia 1938, Spain
Szmuel Kopel Szwarc
Pinkus Szydlowar, Belgium
Marcin Szymanski – TSD
Mieczyslaw “Mietck” Szleyen – editor of Dombrowski newspaper – died 1955.
Zosia Szleyen - wife
Nurse Rachel Szwarcman aka “Angele” – from Bialystok – French Resistance – left Poland 1969, died Israel 1973 – married to Communist Paraguayan Indian Paiva, killed by Nazis in France – TSD.
Capt Aleksander Ilya Davidovitch Szurek aka “Alek” – born 3.8.1907 in Kalisz Poland, died March 1978 USA – author of “The Shattered Dream”- TSD – adjt. to Gen. Walter Swierczewski of Polish Brigade, and then Gen. Boleslaw Moloja – served Polish Army WW2, POW, French Resistance, fled Poland 1968; family murdered in Holocaust – hus. of Berta.
Marcel/Mendel Szterenzys/Sterenzy aka Kot
Tabacznik – kia Aragon
Dr Capt. Victor Taubenfligel – later Prof of Medicine at Univ. of Gdansk - TSD
Simon Teichman (Russian?)
Aron Tenenbaum – murdered at Auschwitz
Chaskiel Tenenbaum – murdered by the Nazis in Paris in WW2, cousin of Janina Hochland, Manchester.
Dawid Tenenbaum, kia Jarama
Col. Henryk Heniek Torunczyk – b. 1909 Wloclawek, served Polish army - former Polish soldier and engineer, last commander of the Botwin Company, Chief of Staff Polish Dombrowskis Brigade - later a Polish partisan (Prago)
Henryk Tragibetregier, kia Spain
Henryk Tracki/Trojan aka Anton Muller – went to Israel & served British Army WW2
Hersz Trocki kia France
Saul Trocki, murdered by Gestapo Berlin 1943
Victor Tulman – Hungarian and later the “Red Rabbi” of France
Sarah Vronsky-Rosenblum (VALBA website)
Arie Weitz / Wajc aka Albert Nachumi, pilot, kia 1936, Madrid
Israel Wachter POW
Herman Wajnberger, died 1943 in Kirgizia, Russia from wounds recieved in Spain
Josef Wajsberg, POW Spain and perished
Lejzor Wajsberg, kia Spain
Josef Mendel Wajsblum
Chaim Warszawski, kia with French Maquis
Dawid Warszawski kia France 1942
Szlama Warszawski, kia in Paris Resistance laboratory making grenades
Nachman Gerszon Wasermann
Szulim Waserbach, carpenter aged 33 POW
Dr Zalman Wabery/Weinerman aka “Zenek” - TSD
Eliasz Weinberg, kia French Resistance 1944
Saloman Rysiek “Rubio” Weinberger - TSD.
Rucio Richek Weinberg
Israel Weisberg, kia in Paris Resistance
Weiss – Hungarian in Polish bat. – cartographer kia Polish Partisans WW2 - TSD
Helene Weissman - nurse
Abram Weitman kia Teruel 1937
Mojzesz Josef Weitman, brother of Abram
Hersz Weksler kia Spain 1938
Dr “Wiska” Welikanowicz
L. Wielopolski, Israel
Pawel “Paul/Pol” Wimia
Leon Winter aka Zagorski – partisans, sent to Siberia, Polish Govt. official till 1968 pogroms – died West Germany 1984.
Dr Erwin Wolf
Ms. Celina Wolfzahn
Isydor Ernest Wolfzahn
Froim Eduard Wuzek
Jan Wyka (poet)
Szulim Wyszogrodzki, Israel
Szaja Mojzesz Zajderman
Dr Alexander Wojnarek Zajdorfa, murdered by Nazis in France 1943
Dr Dora/Dorota Zajdorf b. 11.7.13
Szymon Zajdorf, Canada
Abram “Antoni” Zajoutz
Izydor Zalzman died 1963 Poland
Sonja Zaydman – nurse b. 1.10.10
Meier Zeller, murdered in Auschwitz
Hersz Henryk Zimmerman/Cymerman, kia with French Resistance 1942
Janos Zsiros metallurgist aged 28 – Hungarian
Abraham Zylberstein, kia Spain 1937
Szulim Icchok/Izak Zysman/Suesman??
The American veterans were the first to publish a list of their volunteers in the early 1980’s. It was fraught with difficulties as during the McCarthy era many records were hidden and lost, whilst many volunteers used aliases and nick-names, often misspelt. Using their own written and oral archives as well as a passport study by the Subversion Activity Control Board, ship passenger lists and US Military Intelligence records, the project was completed after three years. Most of the addresses came from copies of “Scope of Soviet Activity in the USA – Hearings before Congress, Feb 1957” copied for the author by James Carmody.
So far as Jews are concerned, numerous obvious Jewish names have been extracted by the author from the list but there are many Jewish sounding names as well of those who may not be Jews. These have been included as the VALB researchers quite rightly say that equally there are many Jews who used Anglicized or Spanish aliases whose Jewish background we may never know, and those of course could not be extracted ; so the one balances out the other. Over one third of the American Fighters in Spain were Jews.
I am most grateful to Moe Fishman of the Jewish VALB in New York, USA, for his help in supplying me with a copy of the list of American volunteers. The ML archive of the IB revealed a newspaper cutting of 21.2.39 listing the American kia and a book of the list of the American volunteers by Adolf Ross, dated 1993.
Bernard Abramofsky aka Leonard Abiel kia – 82 Bank St NYC
Herman Hyman Abramowitz – 1448 40th St Brooklyn kia Jarama aged 27, 3/37
Nathan Joseph Abramowitz – born 247 Madison Ave, Youngstown Ohio 6.12.13 – kia Gandesa 4/ 38
Bertram Blanchard Acosta – 46 West 17th St NYC
Alexander Adler 197 2nd Ave NYC
Hans Adolphe – NY kia Jarama 2/37
Harry Ain – 1527 43rd St Brooklyn kia Ebro aged 28, 7/38
Reuben Albert kia Gandesa 4/38 - 36 Beaufort St Rochester NY
Marcus Mordechai Alper 27 Egmont St Brookline Mass./39 Tavern Rd Boston – WW2
David Robert Altman – kia WW2 – 2739 North 1st St Milwaukee
Jack Altman 2438 East 22nd St Brooklyn
Ernest Amatniek 315 East Mount Eden Ave Bronx
Elmer Merle Amidon – 44 3rd St, San Fran.
David/Irving Ernest Arion/Arlon kia Brunete 7/37 - 51 Horatio St NYC
Jack Arnold aka Waks kia Sierra Caballs 9/38
Sidney Milton Arnold – 3230 N Osceola Ave, Chicago kia Jarama 2/37
Abe Arnowdin (letter)
Meyer Aronovitch – 2890 West 21st St Brooklyn
Myron Mike Aronberg aka Ehrenberg aka Hill 317 Summit Ave Boston
A. Asa – Turkish veteran
Joseph Auerbach – 272 Kosclusko St, Brooklyn kia Brunete 7/37 aged 24
Louis Auberbach 1487 College Ave Bronx – WW2
Abraham Avram – 1200 Andrus St Akron, Ohio kia aged 46
Joseph Harold Azar 327 Grand St Brooklyn
Sidney Esak Babsky – executed as a POW 1938 – 2010 Grand Ave Bronx
Babetski – PI – J Garber
Lionel Backler – died of wounds Murcia
Rubin Bacofsky aka Barr aka Henry Conrad – POW and kia Teruel 1/38
Isaak Bagner – 105 Buena Vista Ave Yonkers
Mike Moses/Morris Bailin 2820 Bright St Brooklyn
Bertram Bakerman 82, 82nd St Brooklyn - WW2
Elias Ilya Balagurchik – POW, 76 East 3rd St / 255 East 10th St, NYC – WW2
Edward Ross Balchowsky 1418 Lake Shore Dr, Chicago
Mario Baldassio aka Levenson
Joseph Baran/owsky aka Barron/Spencer/Len Fletcher - 2809 South Maple St LA/ 323 Commerce St Klamath Falls Oreg.
Ted Baranowsky aka Barrows
Thomas Michael Barcovitch /Barkovitch b. 1914? In Case, W Virginia - 4810 Blackberry Way Pitts/ and Lawrenceville Pa.
Isidore aka Frank Barcena/Barcona 40 Palmetto St/ 980 Utica Ave Brooklyn
Philip Bard – 1st Commissar of the Lincolns – 46 Bank St NYC
Harold H Barnett
Herman Barr – 73rd St Brooklyn 1963
Abbey (Abraham David) Barsky/Borsky – 3038 Brighton 5th St, Brooklyn kia Ebro
Ben Barsky – 2150 Crotona Parkway NYC kia Corbera/Sierra Pandols 8/38
Dr Edward K Barsky – ML – Chief MO of the IB – 127 West 86th St, NYC – died USA 1977
Henry Basko aka Basvowsky /Buszozowsky – 12 West 27th St Bayonne NJ
Sidney Bassin/Bassim 627 Linden Blvd/170 E. 35th, Brooklyn – WW2
Ralph Bates (British?)
Julian Baublis aka Babbit – 14 Ashmont St, Worcester Mass., kia Fuentes 10/37
Albert John Baumler aka Bamler - pilot – 43 Myrtle Ave Trenton NJ
Lt Elias Begelman aka Beal – memoirs in B15B p.70-1 – Brigade Staff Officer – 457 West 23rd NYC - WW2
Carl Gustave Belau/belan POW – 768 Reaney St, St Paul Minn.
Ed Bender – Cadre Training Officer – WW2
Ludwig Beregszaszy – 107-32 124th St, Richmond Hill LI, kia Almeira 7/37
Delmer Berg aka Daniel Edelsey/Esly 132 N Hill St, LA/ Manteca, Calif.
Jacob Bergen/Bergin 161 West 16th NYC
Wilho F. Bergman/Borgman
Meyer Berkowitz – 2118 Abbington Rd, Cleveland died of wounds Albacete after Almeira, 9/37
Norman Nathan Berkowitz 235 2nd Ave NYC/1881 Coney Is Ave Brooklyn – WW2
Isadore Berkowitz 306 West 80th NYC – WW2
Samuel Berkowitz/Belkowitz 179 East 105th St NYC
Leopold Berman aka John Berkeley – POW/WIA – 1536 East Pratt St Balt./ Boston/Brooklyn
Raymond Berman kia Gandesa 3/38 – 1013 Hudson Ave, N Bergen, NJ
Abraham Bernard aka Eugene Allen – Ferry Hotel, San Fran.
Hilliard Edgar Bernstein 2416 Park Ave Richmond Virg.
Louis Bernstein – 1312 Park Ave NYC
Samuel Bernstein kia Ebro 8/38 – 717, Coster St Bronx
George Isaak Bernstock
Alvah Cecil Bessie – staff officer – 161 Lexington Ave NYC
James Bezanovich aka Albert Brezovic – kia Gandesa/Ebro 7/38
Samuel Bierman/Berman 125 West 88th NYC/175 East 155th Bronx c/o H Kraus
Hyman Billewitz aka Herbert Burton
William Max Binn 327 East 12th NYC
Saul Israel Birnbaum 155 South 2nd Brooklyn – WW2
David Blair – 302 Peshine Ave, Newark NJ
John Blank kia Gandesa 4/38
Emil Micky Blaser aka Brown kia Jarama 2/37
Stanley Emil Blaskiewicz 1115 Dillon St St. Louis/2626 West Thomas Chic.
Paul Block Jr. – Port Chester/Brooklyn, No 3 Coy Commander – kia Belchete 9/37
Maurice Bloom kia Alcaniz 3/38 - 34 Van Guilder Ave La Rochelle NY
John Oscar Bloom
Nathan Nehemiah Bloom
Abraham Bluestone aka Stern aka Blumenfeld 508 East 173rd St NYC
Harry Blum 145 East 16th St/30 Lewis St NYC – WW2
Phillip Raphael Bodkin aka Carl Bradley
Nathan Isidore Borensky
Fred Borer POW - 111, West 1st Ave, Columbus Ohio
Wayland/William Borer 723 Spring St Toledo
Louis Bortz 1036 East 123rd St Cleveland – WW2
Herman Bottcher/Boettcher - German born highly decorated WW2 soldier DSC and bar, 3 purple hearts, as well as Spanish medal of valour, fought in New Guinea – kia Leyte 1945 WW2
Elijah Botuck 66 Dorchester St Worc. Mass.
Max Meicher Bowers aka Bauers 104 West Main St Grass Valley Calif/2531 S. Clara Ave, Almeida Calif/S Francisco.
Harry Jack Boxer aka Cohen 30-34 37th St LI, NYC/Queens - WW2
Charles Boyce aka Karl Boehacke kia 24/11/37 - Crestwood Rd Fairfield, Conn.
Harry/Harvey Karl Boyer aka Hans Hoyer 4436 Latour St Seattle – WW2
Lt Sam Stone Brenner – store owner of 4th and Green St and pilot of 702 South Washington Sqdn – b 30.6.94 Philadelphia, served WW1, d 8.4.71 or 41; brother of Mollie
Bertram Arthur Breslow
Albert Louis Brezovic/aka James Bezanovich Canada/Pitts – kia Ebro 7/38 – 212 Edgewood Ave, Trafford Pa
Kenneth Deforest Bridenthal 3419 17th Ave N, Birmingham, Al.
Morris Brier 277 Grafton St Brooklyn – WW2
Eugene David Bronstein – 161 Columbia St Camb, Mass/Bronx kia Brunete 7/37
Oscar Bronstein/Brownstein – 5942 Pine St, Philad.
Benny Bernard Benzion Brostoff 666Stone Ave/600 Van Sicklen Ave, Brooklyn
Frank Ferrel Hymie Brown 494 58th St/461 42nd St, Oakland Calif.
Benjamin Hirschfield Brown/Bron NYC – 39 Tenafly Rd Inglefield NJ/109 West 76th St, NYC
Archie Brown, brother of Frank Hymie – longshoreman – 2062 Union St/27 Clay St, SF
Czeslaw Brudzinsky kia Gandesa 4/38 – 685 West 20th St, San Pedro, Calif.
Samuel Brustein aka Joe Brandt 975 East 178th St NYC
Mike Bubich – printer - 1334a, N 14th St, Milwaukee
Bernard Bucher - Ohio
Nathan Norman Budish 135 Iglehart Ave, St Paul, Minn
Milton Burdick – 915 East 88th St Brooklyn kia Jarama 2/37
Willy Busch NYC kia Jarama 2/37
Raphael Busch Brage aka Buck 337 East 22nd, NYC
Irving Busch 127 West 86th St NYC
Frank Walter Buturla aka Buturich 693 Riverdale Ave Brooklyn/ 579 Lafayette St Bridgeport Conn.
Leonard Cahn aka Eli Cohen
Ben Camnitz kia Sierra Cabolla 9/38 – 2338 N 26th St, Milwaukee
Karl Jacob Cannon/ Connon 352 Batavia St Toledo – survived CoB
William Harris Cantor – survived “City of Barcelona” sinking
Arthur Carlson aka Carl Joseph kia Jarama 2/37
Samuel Carsman aka Carson 23 S. Sherman Wilkes-Barre, Pa – kia WW2
Allan H Cass aka Kushner
George Chaikin 245 East 11th NYC – WW2
Jacob Jack Chait kia Gandesa 4/38 – 163 West 13th St NYC
Abraham Alfred “Chick” Chakin, KIA Caspe 3/38 – 43 East 27th St NYC
Samuel Chapoff – 416 Fort Washington Ave, NY kia Jarama 2/37
Hyman Frank Chesler 2922 West 35th Brooklyn
Joseph Chimilowski – 2601 W Selzer St Philad.
Isadore Chocheles 405 Belmont Ave NYC
Richard Joseph Chodoff -
Max Cimet – Pilot – San Fran.
Joseph Cobert, Kraft Farm Toms River NJ – WW2
Edgar James George Cody kia 503 West 23rd NYC
Abraham Cohen – kia Jarama 2/37 - 58 Sagamore St Lynn, Mass.
Alvin Cohen aka Al Warren 286 MacClennan Ave, Mt Vernon, NY
Bernard Cohen NYC kia Jarama 2/37
Isadore Cohen aka Albert Robbins 399 East 22nd NYC
Lawrence Cohen aka Larry Cane, Coy. Commander - 7 Mt Morris Park West/ 1619 Madison Ave NYC
Leon Cohen 5355 La Cresta Ct, Hollywood LA
Louis Cohen – NY City – kia Gandesa 4/38
Milton Mitchell Cohen 5435 Kenwood Chic. – survived CoB
Robert R. Cohen 2010 Peoria Rd Springfield Ill/Chicago?
Robert Garland Colodny 5558 Ellis Ave Chic. – WW2
Franklin Fay Cone 379 Montclair Ave Glen Ellyn, Ill/3516 lake Park Ave Chic.
Maurice Michael / Morris Conway aka Cohen POW – S Fran/58 South Oxford Brooklyn/317 Dodge St Janesville Wisconsin. Is this Israel Altman, later later a Soviet spy in the Rosenberg scandal, exchanged for a British spy and later died in Russia??
Jack Cooper aka Isidore Ralph Levitt/Leavitt POW – WW2
Milton Cooper – NY kia 23/12/37
William Wolf Bill Cooper
Phillip Cooperman kia – 345 East 18th St NYC
Arthur Henry Coopman/Coapman 14047 Faircrest Detroit kia
Abraham Copeland – 1565 Fulton Ave Bronx
Frederick Leon Copp kia Gandesa 4/38 – 290 Hanover St Manchester, NH
Michael Costa 26 Rhine St Rochester NY
Harry Allen Crain – 1501 Firestone Blvd. LA
Phillip Crane aka Cohen/Conway/Rotter/Potter aka Jacob
Virgil Ray Cresswell aka Ray Hornberger 10203 East 9th Kansas City
Sydney Crotto 242 East 21st NYC
Joseph Cuban kia Gandesa 7/38 - 1157 Wheeler Ave Bronx
Frank James/Joseph Cwierz/Civiers/Swierz/Civietz/Curez, 1042 Howard St San Fran.
Sidney W Danzic
Capt. Samuel Leon (?) Stephen Daduek/Daduk – 1st American to fly for Loyalists, red/blonde haired pilot, stocky, former sign writer and electrician, wore a red bandana and blue overalls when flying – b 10.2.10 Brooklyn – 2367 64th St Brooklyn - d 10.10.86 – wia in crash breaking his thigh – flew in battles over Madrid, in Potisis, Fokkers and Breguets (in which he shot down one Heinkel 111). Before and after flying he had fought in the infantry as a company commander of the Lincolns and with the Thaelman’s – wia several times. Fought in WW2 Medical Corps.
Joseph Dallet Jr., kia Fuentes 10/37 - 377 East Lucius Youngstown Ohio
Morris/Maury Dashevsky – wia Belchete – memoirs B15B p. 167 - 165 Massasolt St Springfield Mass
David Davidson 1326 Oak Pt Bronx – WW2
Solomon Davis – 924 Stone Ave Brooklyn – WW2 – survived CoB
John N Degelman
Julius Herman Deutsch, Coy. Commander 41 Charlton, NYC/1815 Washington St., Laredo, Tex – WW2
Daniel Dickstein 1819 Humboldt Bvld./ 815 West Harrison, Chic
Raymond Henry Disch – 1037 West Michigan St Milwaukee – WW2
Nicholas Doggendorf - Seaman – 1423 Decater St Balt.
David Dombroff /Dornhoff aka Richard Kenney – 68 Bay 32nd Brooklyn – WW2
Richard Dombrowski – Deroit kia Gandesa
Abraham Morris A. Domes/Domas 250 West 57th NYC
Dave Doran/Dransky - USA commissar – Prago – engineered the mass surrender of Fascists at Belchite, aged 28 years. Son of a paper mill worker from Albany, NY, worked with Black TU’s in Alabama in 1930’s – B15B pp. 223,277. Born Albany NY 4.10.09, lived 725 Lexington Ave, NYC/Pitts – kia Gandesa 4/38
Leon Lenel Dorsky 107 Union Hall St, Jamaica NY
George Dubovich - b. 1910 - Duluth, Minn. - POW and executed after Belchite - Alcaniz 3/38
David Drummond b. Seattle 10.5.05 – lived 223 West 24th NYC
Morris Ecker aka Acker kia Alcaniz 3/38 – 1449 2nd Ave NYC
Sam Ecstein 2969 West 24th Brooklyn/2846 West 29th NYC
Julius Jack Lennard Eggen/Eagen kia 3 or 4/38 – seaman – 714 Coronado St LA/San Fran.
Edward “Teddy” Mann aka Ehlert
Isadore Ehrenberg aka Jack Jordan – 6220 Cottage Grove Chic. – WW2
Edward Ehrlich aka Erik Edwards – MG Coy. – 176 Waverly Place NYC – WW2
Rubin/Ruben Ehrlich – 800 8th Ave NYC – WW2
Louis A. Eider 12328 Brackland Ave Cleveland/3016 Folsom St LA – WW2
Abraham Boris Eisenberg aka Ben Sobel/Sam Abelson/Henderson/Julius Lieberman/aka Albert – 104 Devon St, Roxbury, Minn/ Boston, Mass./1646 Union St Brooklyn/1600 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn – law student
Robert Bill Ellis aka William “Bill” Susman/Sam Susman – Treasure Is, Cidra PR/160-04 89th St NYC
David Engels/Engelson – Commissar No 1 Coy – memoirs B15B p.261 – 739 East 5th St NYC.
Leon Ente – 145 East 23rd NYC
Bernard Entin kia Brunete 7/37 – 1408 Sterling Place Brooklyn
David Epstein 430 6th Ave NYC
Hyman Epstein – 237 East 25th Brooklyn/Chicago/Vancouver kia 3/38
Milton Moses Epstein aka Milton Rayfield – 377 Montgomery St Brooklyn NY kia Ebro 7/38
Jacob Epstein aka Jake Berman 242 East 19th NYC
Albert Alton Ettinger – Hyak, Wash.
Dr Abraham Ettelson – 3105 Augusta Blvd, Chic.
Henry Exstein Jr. 164 West 74th NYC – WW2
Max Farrar aka Farber/Herman Goff – 9102 Palatine St Seattle – WW2 – survived CoB
William Maurice Faber aka Fahr
Isidore Fajans - 268a Kosclusko St Brooklyn – West Point Officer aka “Toots” – Italy OSS WW2
Irving Fajans – WW2 OSS
Joseph Farkasovski NYC kia Teruel 1/38
Richard M Fein aka Meyer
Francis Feingersh aka Frank Lister 3125 Fairmont St LA/NYC – WW2
Herman L. Feld - pilot – b Berlin 21.2.14 kia Madrid 7/37
Sol Feldman/Fellman – 1059 Glenmore Ave Brooklyn/Philad. Brother of Harry (below)
Orrin Erlandy Feldt – 6742 Seneca Ave Detroit
Joseph Samuel “Yussie” Feller/Feher kia Hijar 3/38– 1031 Fillmore St San Fran./Omaha
Mike Feller, brother of Joseph – kia WW2
Milton Feller – 1550 55th St Brooklyn – WW2 kia
Harry Fellman aka Enrique Feldman kia – 3552 Case St, Omaha – brother of Sol (above)
Milton Felson/Felsen 2448 East 24th St Brooklyn – WW2
Francis Edward Fender POW – 409 W Gordon St Valdosta Ga.
William Fierman aka Herman – Philadelphia kia
Eugene Finick/Finnick pilot – 246 East 2nd St, NYC
Alexander Finkel – 1845 52nd St Brooklyn kia Brunete/Quinto 8/37, brother of Sam Waters
Ben Finkel aka Minor – 3017 Ocean Parkway NYC / c/o Unterman2932 6th St NYC
Norman Finkelstein kia Gandesa 4/38 – 624 N Caldwell St Charlotte NC
Harrry Finkenberg, hus, of Charlotte – WW2 – badly burnt Spain - from 2349 Benson Ave., Brooklyn – died 1970
Louis Fischer – “The First American Volunteer” – CQMS – veteran of 39th bat. Jewish Legion, Royal Fusiliers WW1
Nelson Nathan Fishelson – 1728 N Appleton St, Balt/NY kia Teruel 1/38
Harry Fisher – 592 Greene Ave Brooklyn – WW2 B26 Fl Engin. USAAF – later worked for Tass in NY
Irving Fishgold – 1514 West 8th St, Brooklyn kia Gandesa/Ebro 7/38
Henry Fishman b. Russia – LA grocery clerk
Morris Simon Fishman 4015 Perry St LA/NYC - seaman
Moe Moses Fishman 2909 Broadway Astoria LI
Sol Fishman 119 East 17th St NYC
Emyl Charles Flam kia Belchite 3/38 – 2034 Vista Del Mar LA/NYC
Leo Fleischman kia 10/36
Edward James Fliegle 705 N Coronado St/5958 Carlton Way LA
Victor Franco kia Fuentes 10/37 – 33 Westminster Rd Brooklyn
Raymond Frank kia 3/38 – 118 154th Pl, Calumet City, Ill.
Irving Frankel aka Isidore Isaac 202 Herzl St Brooklyn/23 West 8th St
Zalmond David Franklin 1351 Touhey Ave Chic
Edward Milton Freed aka Gil Lang kia Jarama 2/37 – 115 East 119th St NYC
Harry Freed – 450 East 81st St NYC
Jack Jacob Freeman – 906 Dekalb Ave Brooklyn kia Ebro/Sierra Cabollo 9/38
Maurice Freeman 3260 Beech Ave Chic – WW2
Raymond Fridle – Chicago kia Ebro
Saul Friedberg – 8052 Muskegon Chic/382 Summit Ave Cedarhurst LI – WW2
Marcus B. Fried – 25 Wilcock St Dorchester Mass.
Sylvester Frank Friedle kia Ebro 10/38 – 3614 N Mozart St, Chic.
Jack Friedman, Accord, NY – WW2
Martin Friedman – 2105 Daly Ave NYC/41-15 50th St Woodside LI
Maurice Wolf Friedman kia Gandesa 4/38 – 1914 Golden Gate Ave, San Fran./LA
Morton Laurence Friedman – 236 Shady Ave Pitts/Brooklyn kia Brunete 7/37
William Friedman – 403 Shatford Brooklyn
Nicholas Fritzhand - 1107 Prospect Ave Bronx
Raleigh Frohman – 1075 Gerard Ave, Bronx – kia Teruel 1/38
Peter Frye aka Friedman
Julius Funk aka Giula – kia Cabera 9/38 – 4812 Vanderbilt St, Detroit
Samuel Saul David Fuhrer aka Sam Fuller – 3425 West 16th St, Chic.
Adolf Feurlicht – 25 2nd Ave NYC
Lt Milton Meyer Gale aka Galitska – Staff Officer.
Johnny Gates - USA (known to Lou Kenton) aka Solomon Israel Regenstreif – born 144 South Forest St, Youngstown, Ohio/lived 1981 East 177th St, Manhattan, died 23.5.92 aged 78 years - with 86th Brigade at Cordoba, organiser of 20th bat. and “ a political and organisational spirit of the English speaking company…which demonstrated great fighting courage…later Brigade Commissar” – letter from Lt Col Moradi – B15B p226 – highest ranking American officer - fought in WW2.
Louis Anton Gayle – 278 Henry St NYC/810 Marcey Ave Brooklyn
Ben Gardner – kia WW2
Sam Gebin 4008 W Grenshaw St Chic. – WW2
Leo Geer/Geir/Girr – 3225 Orange St Chic
Carl Frederick Geiser - Commissar, Mackenzie-Papineaun bat., Canada, POW San Pedro de Cardenas by Italians and exchanged – wia Fuentes del Ebro, Oct 1937. 222 W 23rd NYC
Bernard Gerber 246/8 East 51st Brooklyn
Julius Gerhardt POW - Illinois
Henry Giler aka Gilerowitz POW – WW2
Louis Ginsburg – 1057 51 St , Brooklyn
Lester Lazarus Gittelson 244 East 15th NYC – pilot – WW2
Herman Louis Glickman 932 Vick St Pitts. – WW2
Harry Gluck – 6162 Hollywood Blvd., LA – WW2
Max Gluck/Glick kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2744 West 8th St LA
Louis Gnepp 31 South 58th Philad. – WW2
Hans Goepel kia Belchite 3/38
Irving Goff aka Max Farrar (??) – 2815 West 31st Brooklyn/2019 West 131st NYC – WW2 OSS Italy – American Legion of Merit.
Isadore Gold – 2112 Douglass St Brooklyn
Irving Gold/Dolb – WW2
Alex Goldberg 157 Adams St Newark
Arthur Goldberg kia 4/38 - aka Quentin Arthur Gorgan/Grogan – 135 West 238th St, NYC
Paul Pincus Goldberg 1298 Brook Ave Bronx – WW2 - nurse
Moses Goldblatt kia Gandesa 4/38 – Uncasville, Conn.
Alfred Joseph Goldenberg kia Fuentes 10/37
Micheal Goldenburg kia
Samuel Sanford Goldman 251 East 7th St NYC/3302 East 136th St, Cleveland – kia Gandesa 4/38
Mark/Mart Goldrick – 604 West 23rd St NYC
Benjamin Goldring 121 Howard Ave Brooklyn – WW2
Abraham David Goldstein 99-13 Farmers Ave Hollis/183-23 Jamaica Ave NYC – WW2
Benjamin “Butch” Goldstein 1915 North 32nd St Philad.
Easey Isidore Goldstein 1816/61 South Millard Ave Chic.
Jack Yechem Goldstein aka Bjoze engineer – 2141 Honeywell Ave Bronx
Jack Jerome Goldstein – 216 West 22nd St NYC
Maynard Goldstein aka King/Meyer/Isaac
Meyer Isaac Goldstein
Milton Goldstein – 340 Snediker Ave, Brooklyn – WW2
Morris Goldstein aka Gould 653 Britton St Bronx/163 East 49th St
Gerald Goldwyn aka Pierre Duvalle – 180 West 135th NYC – may not be Jewish
Harry S. Goloff 4722 North Marshall St Philad.
Ned Golomb 2936 West 31st Brooklyn – WW2
Alex Gomer 1617 Canton St Toledo
Henry Paul Good kia Brunete 7/38 – New Plymouth, Idaho/Lexington, Neb.
Carroll Kibby Goodman 26 Horation St NYC – WW2
Robert William Goodman – WW2
Isidor Irving Jackie Gordon b. Maryland 5.20.12, lived LA - kia
David Gordon – 1614 Walnut St Toledo – WW2
Lazar Gordon 566 West 162nd St NYC
Leo Gordon aka Mendelowitz NYC kia 4/38
Louis Gordon aka Dalton 451 Kingston Ave Brooklyn – WW2
Joe M. Gordon aka Mendelowitz – kia Merchant Navy WW2
Louis Melvin Goslin – kia Brunete/Belchite 9/37 – 84 South 4th St., St Jose Calif
Rubin Montaivo Gotay (?) – San Juan PR – alias??
Harold Francis Gotterman
Albert Gottlieb – aka Albert Stone Brooklyn Longshoreman - WW2 WIA twice
Leo Grachow Binghampton, NY kia Brunete 7/37
Kenneth Graeber – Detroit/433 Ohio St., Lawrence, Kan.
Alfred Graf – NY kia Jarama 2/37
Morris Granat aka Teitelbaum
Sam Andrew Grant – POW – 230 East 2nd St, LA – WW2
Joseph Grecs aka Gregg – 2931 East 112th St Cleveland/1010 Salter Way Pitts
Herman Greenfield – Averne, LI/154-41 S Street, Jamaica, NY - kia Seguro de Banos 2/38
Hy Greenfield – survived CoB
Mitchell Greenfield Ohio kia Brunete 7/37
Arthur Greenspoon – 350 East 13th St NYC
Jacob Lee Greenstein – 117-07 107th Ave, Richmond Hill NYC/Jamaica, LI kia Almeira 6/37
Joe Greenstein – 310 East 15th St, NYC
Fritz Grell – 518 S Main St, Denison Iowa
Paul Grinkevich aka Borisuk
Daniel Samuel Groden – 310 East 9th St NYC – WW2
Frank Grodski POW – 155 Wythe Ave, Brooklyn – WW2
Joe Louis Gross – 25 McKibben/101 Polaski Brooklyn
Nathan H Gross – 58 West 8th St NYC/ 17 Summit Ave, Hackensack NJ – WW2
Henry / Arnold Grossman
Samuel Grossner kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 195 Prince St NYC
Daniel Joseph Grosso – 134 Union Ave New Rochelle NY kia Brunete 7/37
Leonard Grumet/Brunet - 522 Pennsylvania Ave Turtle Creek Pa – WW2
Martin Jerome/Johnson Grumet – 252 Farnsworth Detroit
Harold Gruskin – 138 Bennett St, Youngstown Ohio – WW2
Walter Gunderman aka Gunderson – 349 Kingsland Ave, Lindhurst NJ
Samuel Gunshick – 688 Rockaway Ave/2083 60th St Brooklyn
Edgar A. Gurevitz/Geveritz kia 4/38 – 1305 Farwell Ave, Chic
Maurice Gurko/Gurkow POW – 2145 W Cremak Rd, Chic.
Hans Gutman/Glutman – 1150 President St Brooklyn
Efraim Leo Guasch b. Cuba - kia
Paul Hans Richard Gunther kia
Sol Hass – fought WW2
Rudy Haber/Cohn akas Kleiman kia Gandesa 4/38 - 153 Norfolk St/799 158th St NYC
Henry William Haberkorn aka Heckathan
Harry Hakam – 244 East 15th St NYC – WW2
Abraham Irving Halpern aka Alvin Berg – 125 Ruthuen St Roxbury Mass/ Brookline mass
Joe Max Hamberger/Hamburger – 5514 Blackstone Ave, Chic. – survived CoB
Harold Harbison aka Harkson
Manny Harriman (ML)
Aaron /Roy A. Harris – 15 Attorney St NYC
Sydney Harris POW – WW2
Abe Albert Lyonel Harris – 5, West 16th St NYC
Marshall Hartzell from Durham N. Carolina
Jacob Jack Hartzman 3256 Beach Ave Chic. – WW2
Harvey, William – ALBA records
Daniel Irving Haskell – 485 Howard Ave Brooklyn kia Jarama 2/37
Carl Hausman (ML) – aka Hausman/Jansman/Hans/Heus - POW
Joseph Hecht – kia WW2 – 637 Saratoga Ave Brooklyn
Leo Hecht aka Seymour Rosenberg 317 Rodney St Brooklyn
Harry Jack Heeb kia Gandesa 4/38 – 4390 Eastern Ave Cincinnati
Gus Heisler – 47 East 21st St/ 117 Columbia St NYC – WW2
David Leonard Hellman kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 941 Intervale Ave, Bronx
Max Hendler – 2077 Antony Ave Bronx kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38
Dr Julius Anault Hene/Herne/Heeney – kia WW2 either at Malmedy or POW train bombed by allies – 147 East 33rd St NYC
Stanley Anthony Henricher/Heinricher POW – 5571 Camellia St Pitts – WW2
Michael Herceg / Erceg – 460 Fair Oaks Ave, San Fran. – kia Gandesa 4/38
Francis J Herman 324 Haight St, SF
Seymour/Alan/Ted Herman - correspomdent (?)
Arthur Hersh kia Gandesa 4/38 – 1565 Inwood Ave NYC
Herman Hershkowitz – 596 Marcy Ave Brooklyn
Leon Herschman – 806 East 151st St NYC
Hugo Heurich, chauffeur - 3751 Van Dyke/5780 Fisher Ave Detroit - nurse
Aaron Arthur Hilkevitch – 1713 Humboldt Blvd, Chic. – WW2
Emanuel Hochberg – Laurel Hill, LI/4621 54th Rd., NYC – WW2
Harold Smith Hoff – 2742 Hollyridge Dr., LA – WW2
Morris Hoffman – 3151 Breckenridge St Pitts – WW2
Herman Hollander – WW2
Leonard Martin Holtzclaw 24-14 28th St, Astoria, LI – kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38
Benjamin Holtzman aka Sam Rubin (?) – 1337 55th St Brooklyn – WW2
William Horowitz/Horvitz aka W. Harvey aka Herrick - 210 West 21st St NYC
Joseph Hyman Howard 115 Neptune Ave Brooklyn
Daniel Hutner kia Belchite 9/37 – Hotel Rutledge, Lexington Ave/30th St NYC
Herbert Hort/Hart Hutner/Hatner – writer – 110 East 42nd St NYC
Joseph Hyman Howard
Isadore Hyman – 2121 Henry St NYC/ 8516 85th St Woodhaven LI – WW2
Harry E. Hynes aka Hall, NY, Coy. Commissar kia Brunete
Benjamin Isaac Iceland - 735 Mace Ave Bronx/ 3952 48th St., LI City, LI – WW2
Walter B Iczek – NYC – alias??
John Ingbert/Inget NYC kia 5/37 “City of Barcelona” (CoB)
Robert Woodrow Isenberg – 503 West 23rd St NYC
Boris J Israel aka Baline Owen – 131 East 18th St NYC
Martin Jablow NYC kia Villa Franco de Cordoba 10/38
Walter Jablonski aka Hendryck Jabloski - kia
Emil/Emilie Joseph Jacobs – 250 West 22nd St/235 East 26th St NYC – WW2
George Theodore Jacobs – wia Jarama – 2959 North 6th St., Milwaukee
Edward Deyo Jacobs kia Belchite 3/38 – Highland, NY
Hyman Jacobs – 423 Blue Hill Ave Roxbury Mass
Lester Jacobs – Roxbury Mass., kia Fuentes 10/37 – 55 Warrington St, Providence, RI
Oscar Jacobson – NY kia Madrid 10/37
Morris Jelen/Jelin kia Jarama 2/37 – 309 West 19th NYC
Ms. Toby/Tillie Jensky aka Gensky – 1305 Seneca Ave Bronx
Hans Joachim – 1256 Montgomery St, San Fran.
Simon Morris Jokoffsky aka Zykoffsky – 339 Neptune Ave Brooklyn
David Everett Jones aka Starr
Max Jupnick, Montclair NJ – kia
John Henry Kahler/Kohler/Kobler 915 North 7th St Philad.
Harland M Kahle kia Belchite 3/38 – 1003 East Huron St, Ann Arbour, Mich
Clarence Kailin – 1820 Vilas St Madison, Wis. wia
Spartaco Kaiser/Kaisear - seaman b. 1908 in Triste – wia also with Garibaldis – WW2 Yugoslav partisan
Louis Kamenetsky aka Morris – 26 Bay 25th Brooklyn
Morris Kamer – Israel/Palestine – kia
Levi Kaminsky aka Ed Baker – 274 South 60th St Philad/912 Ronvena Ave Detroit
Morris Kampel - 72 Orchestra Pl, Detroit
John Kanz – kia Jarama
Nathan David Kapelner – 964 49th St.,Brooklyn kia Fuentes
Joseph Thomas Kaplan – kia Belchite 3/38 – 248 West 17th St, NYC
Maurice Kaplan – b. Ukraine, kia
Sam Kaplan – 403 Thatford Ave, NY kia Fuentes
Pincus Pinky Kaplinsky aka Kenneth Brotman/Brown aka Rodman – 316 Sea Breeze Ave, NY kia Fuentes 10/37
Jacob Karson/Carson 513 West central 374 Mekubin St St Paul, Minn – WW2
Benjamin Kasinap/Kasinof 1711 North Monroe St Balt. – WW2 – survived CoB
Benjamin Katine 2538 Valentine Ave Bronx
Bernard Katlan aka Kaplan 92-41 Winchester Bvld., Queens, LI - salesman
RABBI Hyman Jacob Katz 2011, 1st NW Wash. DC kia Belchite 3/38, brother of Isaac and Max!
Isaac /Joseph (?) Katz kia 4/38 – 25 Fort Washington Ave, NYC
Max/Michael (?) Katz 173 Henry St NYC – kia WW2
Harry Katzin – 149 East Columbia, Detroit
Samuel Katzman 1050 N Spaulding Ave, Chic
Alfred Leo Kaufman aka Al Friedman/Oscar Everett/ Oscar “The Kid” Ovrutsky – 1829 Georges Lane, Philad. – kia Gandesa 4/38
Charles Lawrence Kaufman aka Keith POW – 550 West 20th St/ 104 East 17th NYC
Hyman Kaufman – 1819 S. Sawyer Ave, Chic.
Lewis Kaufman kia 3/38 – 106 North 34th St, Philad.
Lorenz Ursos Carles Kaufman – 144a, Clinton Pk, San Fran.
Rubin “Ruby” Kaufman 318 Kosciosko, St Brooklyn – WW2
Sidney Kaufman – 314 East 11th St NYC
Lt Conrad Kaye 305 West 19th St NYC – WW2
George Kaye 458 N Genessee St /7733 Oakland Ave LA – WW2
Harry Keen kia Batea 4/38 – 702 East 4th St, Bethlehem, Pa.
Anthony Kerhlicker – 202 East 9th St, Madrid, Iowa
J. Irving Keith aka Kreichmar, Chicago - kia Batea 4/38
Anton Leonhard Keller – 430 Bleecker Brooklyn – WW2
Fred Paul Keller Jr – Commissar and athlete, born 1914 NY, cited for bravery on Aragon Front – 1364 6th Ave NYC – WW2 - possible
Archie Kessner NYC kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38
John Keslering/Keslzrina - 16832 Winston Ave Redford Detroit
Joseph Kier Leni (?) – (ML)
Samuel/Sevek Kirchenbaum 136 East 17th St/3096 Brighton 6th NYC
Karl Earl Kirchner
Max Kirschbaum – WW2
J. William Kirsh aka Mirin/Merin
Leslie Kish – 335 East 79th St/1143 1st Ave NYC - nurse
Lawrence I. Kleidman kia Teruel 1/38
Albert Gerald Klein 243 Herzl St Brooklyn – WW2
Herman Gaby Klein aka Hyman Rosenstein – 1347 Bristow St Bronx
Dr Jack/Jacob B. Klein – 1102 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn
Seymour R. Klein – 302 Ave C, Brooklyn – seaman – WW2
Joseph “Red” Kleinman kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 2700 Bronx Pk East, Bronx
John Henry Kleinow /Klernow – 1515 Gough San Fran./2207 E Monterrey St, Bakersfield Calif.
Joseph Caroll Klerlein – 508 Kenyon St NW Wash DC/ 10 S Carey St Balt.
Gustav Klieger – 560 Fox St Bronx
Joseph Klimowski aka Kalinowski 512 Brush St Detroit kia CofB 5/37
Max Robert Klonsky – after 5 months in front line discovered to be under-age and sent home! – WW2 – 729 Howard Ave, Brooklyn
Theodore Knecht – Switzerland/Chicago kia Jarama 2/37
Jack Jacob Koble aka Kovo – 126 Bay 25th St Brooklyn – WW2
John/Jan Koblich/Kobeluch – 350 East 13th NYC - WW2
Sollie Kobrin – kia Brunete 7/37 – 5610 Dorchester Ave Chic.
Charles Koch/Kuch – pilot – Bristol Pike, Bristol, Pa.
Harry Kochigan 96 Main St Worcs, Mass.
Cyprian Kochinsky aka Kochinas/Kochins Frank – 368 N Lockwood Chic. – WW2
Louis Kohen – 2806 West Meinecke St, Milwaukee
John Kohler - York, Penn.
Albert Kohn – 154 East 3rd, NYC – WW2
Stanley Kohn kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2624 Michigan Ave, LA
Dr Edwin Koll aka Lincoln aka Jim Kall aka Jack Kalleborn 412 West 46th NYC/1233 7th Ave Moline, Ill.
Morris/Maury Samuel Kolow aka Manny Colow 416 Livonia Ave Brooklyn aged 18 years – WW2
Walter Kolowski – 3136 Lehman Ave Hamtramck, Mich/ 3104 Jemons St, Hambronst, Mich.
Herman Leo Kondell kia Gandesa 4/38 - 64 West 93rd St, NYC
Bennano Bernard Konefski – 1392 Volney Dr, LA
Samuel Koneski – POW - Russellton, Pa
Kopel Koplowitz aka Matthews/Kaye – 783 East 176th St/337 West 21st, NYC
Morris Koplowitz kia Gandesa 4/38 – 30 Bay 25th St, Brooklyn
Max Korb/Kord kia – 88 Middleton St Brooklyn
Samuel Sid Kornblatt 1314 Elder Ave Bronx – WW2
Dr Morris Kornblum – WW2
Joel Kornblutt – 1343 Interworle Ave Bronx
August Korpi aka Hille
Abraham Barney Al Koslow - kia – 169 Belmont Ave, Brooklyn
John/Gene Kosesak/Kosocak/Kascsale kia Sierra Pandols 8/38 - Box 254 Tiltonville Ohio/Loraine Ill.
Leo Koster (ML) – died of typhus as POW.
Ernest Koslowski – kia WW2 – Pittsburgh/Aberdeen Wash./ 703 Bellevue N Seattle, Wash.
Samuel Krafsur wia – 68 Phillips St Boston
Daniel Kramen 367 20th St/1702 Church Ave, Brooklyn
Jacob Albert Kramer – 385 Hampshire St Buffalo, NY/NYC
Louis Nathan Kranes aka Krasna – 1561 Sheridan Ave, NYC
Morris Krangel – 406 South 4th St, Brooklyn kia Brunete/Fuentes 10/37
Morris Kransikoff/Krausikoff – 110 Montague St Brooklyn
Louis Krasner/Krasna – 3508 St Clair St, Cleveland - 1903-71 – wia also with Dimitovs
Max Kraus aka Morris Krausikoff – WW2
Max Krauthamer – 110 Montague St, Brooklyn - NY lawyer kia at Brunete 7/37
John Krivesy/Kortvesy, LA kia Gandesa 4/38
Max Krupke – 31 West 16th St/461 West 144th St NYC
David Solomon Krupke
Abraham Kuchersky – 1975 Creston Ave NYC
Henry Kuehner aka Kuchner – 1317 West Kelbourn Ave/2128 South 59th St, Milwaukee
Cecil Alex Kunstlich aka Honig kia - 330 West 15th St, Apt. 1c, NYC
John Kunz – kia Jarama 2/37 - 1540 North La Salle St, Chic
Wolf Kupin/Kupinsky aka Harry Milton 10 Monroe St NYC
Louis Kupperman aka Levine – 245 East 13th St NYC
Isaac Kupperman – 350 West 20th St, Brooklyn, NY kia Cordoba 4/37
Sidney Kurtz - kia WW2 – 215 2nd Ave NYC
Harry Allan Kushner aka Pico
Allen Kushnier/Hushnier aka Antti Kushinen kia Batea 3/38
Barnett (Steven) Kutler aka Ben Kotler – 210 Madison St NYC
Louis Ladman – 106-19 Hutphin Bvld. Jamaica LI, kia Jarama 2/37
Major Leonard Lamb/Lamchick – 420 East 6th St NYC/Cleveland – CO 17th bat. wia
Joseph Julius Lampert aka Lambert – 5906 Hough Ave Cleveland/NY kia Brunete after surviving CoB 5/37
Sanford/Stafford Karl Land – 9007 Yale Ave Cleveland – WW2
Arthur Harold Landis aka Max Straub – 1209 South Maple LA/226 North Irena St Redondo Beach, Calif.
Gil Lang aka Freed
Manny Morris Lanser/Lancer/Lanzer – MG Coy Commander – memoirs B15B p.265 – 327 Rodney St. Brooklyn – WW2
Joseph P. Lash – 16 Bank St, NYC – WW2
Benzion Lasher/Lacher – 2117 Vyse Ave, NY, kia Teruel 1/38
George Laskowski – Canada – Waterloo, Ont. – kia Jarama
William Lazar aka Lawrence
Barnett David Leavitt 2741 N California Ave Chic. – WW2
Edwin Lebovitz/Leibovitz aka Lyons – stocky, dark, swarthy, with thin moustache, husband of Pearl - pilot, former shoe salesman, head of Loyalist Bombing Sqdn for 6 months, later specialised in ground strafing – founded the Palestine Flying Service 21.12.38, flew with Chinese Air Force, own Flying School in USA and retired as a Colonel (Sunday Worker Magazine, USA, April 1937). 1854 Ocean Ave Brooklyn; born 2.4.10. Lived later in West Hempstead, LI.
Isidore Lebowitz – 1840 Vyse Ave, Bronx
Louis Lefkowitz 3111 Brighton 7th St Brooklyn
Harold Harvey Lee 555 West 170th Street NYC
Edgar Albert Lehmann – 5709 S. Harper Ave, Chic.
Ben Leider aka Jose Lando husband of Dorothy – journalist from 101 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn/101 Ocean Parkway, kia Jarama sector, Feb 19th 1937 probably the first American kia. Born 18.10.1901 son of Jacob and Anna (who lived later at 69 E. 40th, Brooklyn) in Kishinev, family fled 1905 – fighter pilot – see UK – he shot down a Heinkel in his first dog fight, was wia and crashed a number of times; and in the battle in which he was killed, 14 enemy planes were shot down even though outnumbered 82 to 32!!– friend of Leibowitz. He was mortally wounded but crashed landed his plane, dying later of loss of blood. Orphanage in Spain was named after him. His body was brought home to NY and buried at Mt Hebron Jewish cemetery, Flushing, LI, Sunday 21.8.38, Rabbi Jacob Greenfield presiding
Simon Leinoff aka Thomas Lane 9703 N Martindale/ 4640 16th St Detroit
Sol Leiserowitz aka Solomon kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38– 340 East 15th St NYC
George Henry Leiviska – 465 East Pine St, Ironwood Mich.
Myron Edgar Lemberger 264 West 19th St, Apt 22 NYC
John Lembke kia aka Bernard Lemble kia Teruel 1/38 - 75 Roosevelt Ave, Buffalo, NY
Otto Ernest Lemke – kia Gandesa or POW - 315 East 5th St NYC
Isaac Edward Lending 1815 Grand Concourse Bronx – WW2 Jan 1992 “Horizons” Journal of Jewish Workman’s Circle
Louis Leoane aka Seoane Castro/Esmagardo
Ernest Carl Earl Leppo kia - 729 Ritner St Philad.
David Lerner kia Belchite 3/38 – 902 44th St NYC
Hyman Lerner aka Kenneth Gale/Gayle kia – 1272 Grand Concourse, Bronx
Murray Bernard/Morris Lerner – 2765 West 5th St., Brighton Brook Brooklyn
Sol Isiah Lerner POW 1169 52nd St Brooklyn
Samuel Lesitz/Lissitz 16 West Maple St/3833 West 14th St Chic.
Walter Peter Lesniak kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2519 Cortland St, Chic.
Abraham Letvin 28 Hinsdale St Brooklyn
Leonard Bertrand Levenson 38 Sutton Place, NYC – Machine Gunner with Macpaps.
Lionel Levick – 7 Jones St NY, wia Belchete, kia Fuentes 10/37
Louis Levin - 395 Stratford Ave, Brooklyn
Louis S. Levin
Nathan Levin 53 Shepard St/66 Vine St Lynn, Mass.
Abraham Robert/Joseph Levine 358 West 23rd NYC/21 Gibbs St Boston
Benjamin Levine aka Lane 1614 Silverlake LA – WW2
Harry Levine – Philadelphia kia Quinto 9/38
Jacob Levine 738 Rockaway Ave Brooklyn
Louis Steve Levine 583 Chester St Brooklyn – WW2
Samuel Levine aka Jay/ Joseph Sherman - 67 Herzl St/403 Chester St Brooklyn
Lt Sidney Levine, Coy. Commander and commander of crucial MG coy. at Jarama and Brunete and later Training Officer MG base. 174 East 43rd St Brooklyn – WW2
Samuel Harold Levinger – 2267 Indianola Ave Columbus Ohio, son of Rabbi - kia Belchite 9/37 M Gun Coy.
Joseph Levinsky 435 East 61st St Chic. - kia
Isadore Levitt – 10627 Morrison Ave Cleveland
David Levy of Dublin – kia Jarama – see C. Shindler “ No Pasaran – The Jews who fought in Spain” 50th anniv. Article – ML archive.
Israel Levy 45 east 12th St NYC
Alex Lewandowski 6682 Seneca St Detroit – WW2
Michol Liber (Canada?)
Harry Edward Lichter/Lighter aka Richter 2210 West Walnut St Milawaukee – WW2
Arthur Harry Lidz 408 West 129th St NYC
Jack Liffland NYC – kia Ebro 7/38
Sidney Linn 2278 Blaine Ave Detroit/ Cleveland (?)
David Watson Lippert 64 Webster Ave Fort Washington NY
David Raphael/Robert Lipton kia Sierra Pandols 9/38 – 2144 Crotona Parkway Bronx
Norman Lisberg kia Teruel 1/38 – 919 East Jefferson St, LA
Abraham aka Alfred Harvey Litvin/Litwin/Lytton – WW2
Anthony Litvinas 5329 S Homan Ave Chic. – WW2
Jacob Loch – Canada kia Belchite – from Guelph, Ont.
Rudolph Loch aka Toch - Bartlesville Ohio/914 Market St Wheeling, W Virg.
Victor Michael Losch/Loesch kia Gandesa 4/38 – 315, S. San Pedro St, LA/N Dakota
Karl Loewenberg Newark, NJ – kia Belchite 4/38
Abraham Lomsky/Lonsky 583 Pennsylvania Ave Brooklyn – WW2
Harold David (Arthur) London – originally form eastern Europe
Aaron Lopoff – 219 East 12th St NY kia Ebro/Sierra Pandols 9/38
Vincent Lossowski WW2 OSS (Prago)
Eugene Jacob Loveman kia Gandesa 4/38 - 1960 82nd St Brooklyn
Carl Lovenberg – Newark kia Belchite
Victor Lovsky - tbc
Jack Lucid – VALBA web site
Martin Ludwig – WW2
Joseph Luftig 11404 109th Ave Richmond Mill NYC – WW2 – survived CoB
Walter Lukosky – WW2
Lawrence Lustgarten, Coy. Commander – kia WW2 – 806 East 9th St/216 East 10th St, NYC
Lt Fred George Lutz, Commissar – 104 Winthrop Ave Morristown NJ
Henry Lyons – actor, Chicago
Friedrich Maas – Bronx kia Brunete 7/37
Henry Mack aka Maki
Henry Rudolph Maier 2326 Amsterdam Ave NYC
Joseph Maier 324 East 84th St NYC
Jack Mail – POW - 2114 N St NW Washington DC/410 Madison Ave NYC
Henry Mak aka H. Alfred Buska
Martin David Maki – WW2
Henry / Harold Malofsky kia Belchite – 1022 Stebbins Ave NYC
Emanuel Mandel – 62-16 Mt Olivet Ave, Maspeth, Woodside LI, kia Seguro de los Banos 2/38
Phillip/Sam Mandelblatt kia
Solomon Charles Mandelblatt aka Mann – 1706 Washington Ave, NYC – kia Ebro 7/38
Harold Mulford Mann – The Precidio, San. Fran.
Erwin Manheim – 133 West 11th St, Saxon Ave NYC – WW2
Benjamin Martin Mantell – 403 Hewes St NY kia Jarama 2/37
Herbert August Marberg – San Francisco, kia Brunete 7/37
Irving Margolis – 1117 Manor Ave Bronx
Leo Isaac Markowitz aka Lee Marcus 269 Christopher Ave/390 Stone Ave, Brooklyn – WW2
Rubin Markowitz – 348 Williams Ave Brooklyn – WW2
Sam Markowitz kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 - 73 Reed St, Pitts.
Dave Mates/Maten aka Metropolitan
Morris Matz/Katz kia Gandesa 4/38 – 8 Crandall St Binghampton NY
Charles Mayer aka Carl Mayer Fuchs – POB 2 Cotati, Calif/San Fran.
William Mayer aka Miller/Mitchell
Edward Melnicoff aka Edgar Allen Menick – WW2
Harold Meloff aka Melefsky/Melofsky NYC kia Belcetie 9/37
Isadore Menacker kia Brunete 7/37 – 731 Alabama Ave, Brooklyn
Samuel “Curley” Mendelowitz aka Mende or Kramer – WW2 – 530 Manhattan Ave, NYC
Jacob Joseph Mendelowitz aka Joe Gordon – 765 Lafayette Ave Brooklyn
Wilfred/Wilford Mendelson, 1223 Avenue V, Brooklyn, KIA Gandesa/Ebro 7/38
Harry Mensh – WW2
Nick Merinoff - Canada kia Jarama
Marian Meriman aka Wachtel
Paul Merkel – seaman – 849 6th St, San Pedro, Calif.
Wolf Morris Meyerson kia 3/38 – 2682 Broadway NYC
George Michalchik kia Gandesa 4/38 – 42, 4th Ave, NYC/Mass.
Carl Perez/ Joseph Michitsch – kia Jarama – iron worker
Morris Mickenberg aka Maken – 1067 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn
David Micah Miller – WW2 – 306 West 99th NYC
Isidore Millstone - 53 West 11th NYC
George Irvin Millstone – WW2
John A. Miltenberger/Mittenberger – 1084 Boyd Ave, Johnstown, Pa
Reuben Miner/Minor WW2 – 239 Parish St, Battle Creek, Mich.
Irving Mitchell - 1512 54th St Brooklyn – WW2
Louis Mohar RFD 2 Barberton Ohio
Julius Molnar - 512 F St NW Washington DC
Artin Moretion - Turkish
Joe/Charles Eugene Morse – WW2 – 10319 114th St, Richmond Hill, LI – wia – J Garber
Virgil Lanny Morris – 11 N Hancock St, Portland, Oreg.
Ignatz Moscowitz POW – kia WW2
George Cherry Moser – 129 West 46th St, NYC
Ben Moses aka Jose Hernandez Sanchez!
Harry Charles Moshier – 425 University Ave SE Minneapolis
Abraham Moskowitz – 1230 42nd St, NY kia Ebro 7/38
Ignatz Moskowitz – 47 Jackson Ave, Jersey City NJ
Edward Andrew/Andre Mtoczkowski aka Morrow – 11 Broadway Hicksville NY/ 421 West 125th St, NYC
John Phillip Muller – 17 Clifton St, Carrick, Pitts.
John V. Murra aka Isidore Lipshitz
Robert Arnold Nagle 5057 Whitfield Detroit – WW2
Sam Nahman aka Manny Harriman 49 East 102nd St NYC – WW2
Alexander Narurwicz – 5507 Kenwood Ave Chic.
Marvin Nelsen – 1919 W Blvd, Racine, Wis.
Marvin Nelson – USA
Murray Nemeroff – 500 Chester St Brooklyn – survived CoB
Abraham Neufield – kia Brunete
Isidore James Newman aka Neugass/Naugass – 3915 49th St, Queens, NYC – poet.
David Newman – kia Brunete 7/37
Sol Newman – 667 West 161st St, NYC
Saul B Newton aka Sol Cohen - WW2
Alexander Nichta – 1129 Levington Ave NYC
David Nieder – 356 West 34th St NYC
Bela Niederman – 845 Longfellow Ave Bronx - nurse
Paul Niepold – Katonah NY, kia Jarama, 2/37 - 2nd Coy. section leader.
Leo Nitzberg aka Rosenthal – WW2
Irving Noachowitz aka Norman – 1110 Euclid Ave, LA/1329 Briston St, Brooklyn
Harry Nobel – 144 West 16th St NYC – WW2
Marion M. Noble – 252 Farnsworth Ave Detroit/2357 Arnsworth St NYC
Charlie Nusser – 4 Duncan Way East Carnegie, Pittsburgh, wia Belchete, cited for bravery on night patrols – WW2.
Howard Oberman aka Bailey – 158 Walnut Ave, Roxbury, Mass.
James Bartle O’Hara aka Ernest Halpern/Kaplin kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 1149, West 1st St, LA
Melvin Ofsink kia Gandesa 4/38 – 1035 Hegeman Ave, Brooklyn
Boris Rudolph Oretkin/Oretchkin Chic. - kia Belchetie 9/37
Louis Noah Ornitz – POW – 896 Bryant Ave Bronx – WW2
Abraham Osheroff – photo – 468 Chester St Brooklyn /lived Seattle – WW2 – survived CoB
Ernest Albert Ozias
Max A. Parker POW – WW2
Isaac Harry Parnes – kia Fuentes 10/37 – 351 West 4th St, NYC
Daniel Alvin Pasternak – 215 east 18th St NYC - kia Fuentes 13.10.37 by aircraft strafing
Samuel Peck – WW2 – 515 West 124th St, NYC
Herman J Pekow – 3446 5th Ave/3928 Wilcox Ave Chic.
Milton Pekow – kia Jarama 2/37 – as above
Harry Perchik/Purchick kia Teruel 1/38 – 920 St John Ave, Bronx
Harold David Perez
Harry Perlman NYC kia Belchitie 1/38
Norman Perlman – 1941 84th St Brooklyn
Joseph Louis Perlman Spokane, Wash – kia 3 or 4/38
Jim Jacob Persoff/Perzoff aka James Prescott – kia Jarama – 1359 Findlay Ave Bronx.
Irving Peshkin – 356 East 79th St/502 East 77th NYC
Robert Carl Pick kia Jarama 2/37 as Company runner – 337 East 14th St NYC
Henry Plotnick – 8757 bay 16th Brooklyn – WW2
Erich Oscar Plutgradt/Flugrath – 231 East 13th St/438 East 88th St NYC
Ben Pobersky – 915 North 7th St, Philad.
Samuel Polansky POW - 141 Hawthorne Ave Bronx
Abraham Polen aka Leslie McKenney - 2506 Stanley St, Philad.
Lt Harry Poll – Staff Officer.
Samuel Emil Pollack 651 Cleveland St, Brooklyn
Irving Portnow 1071 Elder Ave Bronx – WW2
Stanley Postek aka Szliga
Thomas Theodore Prager117 East 89th St NYC/ 24 Plant St Newhaven, Conn.
Albert Prago – 137 West 75th St NYC – wia Belchite
Morris Presser – ammunition expert
Leo Pudinski – 83 Norfolk St NYC
Gabriel Jack Quinones/Quinn 977 Intervale Ave, Bronx
George Rabie/Rabey 88 Clinton St Binghampton NY/ Schenectady NY
I. Rabinovitz – 1113 Grant Ave Bronx
John Harold Rabyor/Raybor
Joseph Radacoy POW - WW2
Walter Jack Radin kia Gandesa 4/38 - 2025 East 4th St, LA
Albin Ragner aka Ragauskas
John Augustus Ramatowski kia Gandesa 4/38 - 2540A University St, St Louis
Aaron Ramer kia Belchetie 3/38 - 300 West 23rd NYC
Robert Raport/Rappaport Seattle, Wash – kia
Irving Rappaport – WW2
Israel Rapoport - 381 Powell St Brooklyn
Milton Mordecai Gershon Rappaport – 3475 Knox Place, Bronx kia Jarama 2/37
Mark Benjamin Rauschwald – 117 Pulaski St/255 West 19th St, NYC - WW”
Anthony Henry Rautbort – 1713 North 3rd St, Milwaukee.
Joseph Robert Raven – 128 East 22nd St NYC/ Pitts.
Bernard Rogers Razanski – 490 Hillside Ave, New Jersey, kia Segurdo de los Banos 2/38
George F. Redlich – 5709 Dorchester Ave, Chic.
Arnold Reid aka Reisky – 113 East 31st NYC
Harry Hyman Reinleb/Reinler – 2425 Kings Highway Brooklyn
David Morris Reiss, Bat. Commander from NJ – kia Belchite 3/38
Peter Reiter – WW2
John Reitz – Watonga/Quinton Village, Oklahoma
Izie aka Robert Rennert – NY kia Cordoba 4/37
Reuben J. A. Richards
Benjamin David Richman 17 Summit Ave, Hackensack NJ – WW2
Morris Richman – 317 East 14th St, NY kia Belchite/Gandesa 4/38
Walter William Richter - NYC
Carl Herman Riffe POW
Irving Rifkin kia Sierra Caballo 9/38 - 3916 Laurel Ave, Brooklyn
Dr Sidney/Seymour Stanley Robbins – kia Brunete – 1155 N Sycamore Rd, Hollywood, Calif.
Alan Robbins – WW2
Dr Sydney Robleins/Robbins kia Brunete 7/37
Harry Tony Rodd
Charles Roffeld – 2321 Monument St Balt./Youngstown, Ohio
Joseph Roffman – 2192 Flatbush Ave Brooklyn
Edwin Rolfe aka Sol Fishma/Fishback - poet and writer - WW2
Samuel Romer POW – 250 West 10th St/216 29th St, NYC/ Detroit
Lt Sol Rose aka Rosenblum, KIA Ebro 10/38 – Training Officer – 162 West 13th St NYC
Abraham Isaac Rosenberg – 301 West 13th St NYC
Albert Abraham Rosenberg – WW2
Leon Lester Rosenberg – 425 East 6th St NYC
Sidney Rosenblatt POW, later KIA WW2 – 119 Cannon St NYC
Lawrence Rosenkrantz – 1633 East 92nd LA
Herman Rosenstein – WW2
Joseph Rosenstein – Detroit kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2640 Gladstone, Detroit
Sidney Rosenstein – kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 - 66 Morton St NYC/Cleveland
Julius Rosenthal – kia Jarama Feb 1937 – 171 East 4th St NYC
Leon Rosenthal – 380 3rd Ave, Brooklyn kia Estramadura 2/38
Joseph Rosmarin – pilot - WW2 – 1540 40th St Brooklyn – husband of Pauline
Hyman Rosner aka Herman Roseman /Rossman – 430 South 5th St, Philad.
Adolph Buster Ross aka Adolfo Rodriguez Roces – 2072 74th St Brooklyn/ Bensonhurst NY – WW2
John Rossen – 52 East Willis Detroit/1333 Temple Pl, St Louis – WW2
Charles Roth – b. 12.4.16 New York City; en route to Spain his ship was torpedoed by a German submarine and he had to swim 200 metres ashore under machine gun fire. Fought at Brunete and Teruel, where he was evacuated with rheumatic fever to Villa Paz IB Hospital near Madrid (“Sanscript” magazine, USA, Oct 1946/May and August 1948 – photo). 467 Neptune Ave Brooklyn.
Jacob Rotter – 411 Hinsdale St Brooklyn
Leo Manuel Rozen – Chicago kia Teruel 1/38 – 2020, Arthur, NYC
Ben Barnard Rubin – WW2
Harry Rubin – wia Quinto street fighting – 649 Argyle Rd Brooklyn – survived CoB
Henry Mortimer Rubin aka M. Henri – 219 S Orange Dr/364 S Cloverdale, LA – WW2
Sidney Rudner aka James Besante – 1089 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn – WW2
William Rudnisky aka Wasel Rudnicki - 212, H St NW, Washington DC
Ruby Ryant – Commissar – NY/Montreal kia Belchite 3/38
Lee Sabinson – 1912-1991 (ML)
Joseph D Sacal aka Sakalauskas aka Skol kia WW2
David Sachs – Patterson NJ kia 3 or 4/38
Harry/Henry Saks/ Sachs – kia Brunete by aerial bomb rescuing wounded men – B15B p. 172
William Sachs kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 2773 West 35th, Brooklyn
Ely Joseph Sack – 8201 Bay Parkway Brooklyn
Leon Meyer Sacks – RFD 9 Box 366 College Hill, Cincinnati
Harry Saksonsky kia Brunete 7/37
Bernard Benzion Sall – 1837 71st St/6301 Bay Parkway Brooklyn
Itzik/Irving N. Saloway/Soloway – 1845 52nd St Brooklyn
Felix Salter kia Sierra Cabollo 11/38
Florenz Frederick Salzbrenner – 111, W Garfield Ave, Milawaukee
Carl Samuels Philad. kia Gandesa 4/38
Victor Samulis – Phoenix Hotel, 307 N Main St, Mansfield, Ohio
Charles Sandberg aka Sanborn
Joseph Sanders aka Sandera
Israel Erwin Sandipher – 381 East 81st NYC
Joseph Sankovich – 1395 O’Farrell St, S Fran.
Abraham Sasson – 65 Est 2nd St, NY kia Belchite-Batea 4/38
Alexander Sauermilch – kia Brunete – 2023 S E Madison St Portland Oreg. – survived CoB
David Schachter – 334 West 19th NYC
Phillip Paul Schachter kia Brunete 7/37 - NYC
Theodore Schattner – kia Cordoba 4/37 – 1905 Douglas St Brooklyn
Phillip Aaron Schatz
Jack/Jacob Schatzberg kia Belchetie 3/38 – 53 West 8th St NYC
Ruby?Reuven Schechter – 34-32 91st St., Jackson Heights LI, died of wounds, Brunete 8/37.
Ed Scheddin aka Carroll
Nathan Meyer Schilling – 5610 Dorchester Ave, Chicago kia Fuentes 10/37
Victor P. Schintone – 4234 65th St, Woodside LI, kia Guadalajara with Garibaldi Brigade 5/37
Walter Schlekau aka Edwards – 2102 Chicago St, Omaha
Herbert Schlessinger – 1302 Ave. K Brooklyn, NY kia Gandesa/Sierra Cabollo 9/38
Ernest Anthony Schmidt – 641 N 10th St Milwaukee
Norman James Schmidt – WW2 – 192 N Clark St, Room 713, Chic.
Eddie August Schneider – pilot – 50 Jones St, Jersey City, NJ – alias??
Murray Schneider – 2725 Sedgwick Ave Bronx
Theodore Samuel Schneider fought in WW2 – 165/160, East 49th St NYC
Rubin Schneiderman – WW2 – 1273 Stebbins Ave, Bronx
?? K. Schnell kia Gandesa 4/38
Harry Schoenberg/Shinsberg – adjutant Lincoln bat. – 607 N Clark St Chic/103 Hester St NYC – WW2
Fred Jacob Schofs aka Gottfried Shatz
Paul Schreiber – 1483 Hoe Ave NYC
Isadore Schrenzel – 4909 5th Ave, Brooklyn kia Fuentes 10/37
David H Schubert kia Gandesa 4/38
Walter J Schuetrum – 1508 N 21st St, Superior, Wis. – WW2
Clarence Schuler – RFD 1, Denison, Iowa – WW2
Maynard Schuler – N Seagrave Ave, Denison, Iowa – WW2
Yechiel Schulevitch – poss. Polish, lived USA
Elias Schultz 1930 Grand Concourse NYC – WW2
Herbert Lawrence Schultz – alias??
Gunnar Nils Schultzberg, 53 Goffe St., New Haven, Conn. - kia
William Martin Schultz – 727 Greenwich St, Brooklyn kia Brunete or CoB 5/37
Irving Raymond Schumann – 3332 W. Grenshaw, Chic
Herbert Lawrence Schutz 8542 Alcott St, LA
Abraham Schwartz – 2187 Douglas St, Brooklyn kia Brunete/died of typhus Villa Paz 5/37
Max Schwartz kia Gandesa 4/38– 145 East 23rd St NYC
Ralph Waldo Schwartz/Schwartzfield – 201 Platt St/1840 East Anaheim St, Long Beach, Calif.
Max Mordechai Schwartzberg – 871 hegeman Ave Brooklyn - MG Coy wia Brunete
Alexander Schwartzman – 40 Monroe St NYC – WW2
Arthur/ Albert Hellmath F. Schwecke - kia Jarama 2/37
Moses Schwerner aka Murph Strong
Celia Seborer - nurse
Lt Lou Secundy, Transport Officer 15th Brigade – 327 Livonia Ave Brooklyn
Theodore Seelman aka Skelman kia Gandesa 4/38 - 322 West 34th St NYC/Chic.
Charles Joseph Seibert kia Brunete 7/37 – 1617 Falck Ave NE Pitts
Joseph Seligman Jr. aka Dino/ Frank Neri/Nerry – 1415 Willow Ave, Louisville Ken./Philad. - kia Jarama 12/2/37
Eddie Lester Semons – pilot – salesman b NYC, died San Rafael, California 3.9.76 having lived with wife Gloria at 220, Canal Street – fought in Navy Air Force WW2 - 3 sons Ralph, Steven, Alexander, brother Robert, 6 grandchildren, cremated Vallejo, ashes scattered at sea.
Morris Sennett aka Snetzki/Snestzki – 1447 East 55th St Chic.
William Sennett aka Snesetsky 1813 Lombard Ave Cicero Ill./Chic. – WW2
Elman Rogers Service 202 east Pottawatomie, Tecumseh, Mich. – WW2
Jack/Jacob Joseph Shafran 2000 Daly Ave NYC/3017 Ocean Parkway Brooklyn – WW2
Kenneth Rubin Shaker 32 Winchester St, Hartford Conn. – WW2
Michael Shansky/Shantzak 722 N Hoover St/1017 S Ardmore Ave LA – WW2
Arthur “Artie” Micheal Shapiro – pilot aka Arturo Vasnit – b 17.1.10 Brooklyn/Woodhaven, LI – pupil of Lebowitz – husband of Evelyn Kovalsky, married Spain 31.12.36 followed by a Jewish wedding after return to USA.
David Daniel Shapiro/Shupin – pilot – kia Jarama 2/37 – Hempstead Lake, Hempstead NY
David Shapiro aka Daniel Shupin kia – 67 Herzl St Brooklyn
Eugene L. Shapiro – 1132 Main St, Springfield, Mass.
Henry Shapiro kia Teruel 1/38 – 166 Howard Ave, Roxbury, Mass./Boston
Manuel Shapiro kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2538 South 10th St, Philad.
Mordechai Morris Shapiro – 868 East 156th St, Bronx
Saul Mayer Shapiro – 1472 Bedford Ave Brooklyn
Nathan Meyer Sheir – 2519 Mermaid Ave, Brooklyn
Joseph Adolphe Shenkir aka Lloyd C. “Red”/ Reed Johnson – Olympia Hotel, Aberdeen, Wash – kia Gandesa
Joseph Sherman WW2
Solomon Shiff 62 West 124th St NYC
Nathan Mayer Shiff
Jack Shiffman – Detroit kia Fuentes 10/37 – 206 East Alexanderline Detroit
Arthur Shilman – 993 NY Ave, Brooklyn
Peter /Petar Shimrack/Simrack – ship worker -
Robert Garis Shissler – 417 Highland Ave, Johnstown Pa., kia Fuentes 10/37
Lt Sidney Shosteck – kia Belchete 9/37, Staff Officer – aged 23 years from 1121 Orren St NE Washington DC – survived CoB – former head of Teamsters in Washington DC
Max Shufer aka Irving Rabinowitz - POW
Jack Shulman 67 Nassau St Rochester NY – WW2
Michael Sidorovich 341 East 19th St NYC c/o H C Kahaus Pharmacy 23d and Ave A NYC
Charles Siebert – Pittsburgh, kia Brunete
Ione Siegel 9 Telegraph St Binghampton NY
Joseph Isaac Siegel 43 Deering Rd Matapan, Mass.
Paul Sigel NYC kia Fuentes 10/37
Horace Lionel Sieve – 1740, 46th St Brooklyn/Boston – kia Gandesa 4/38
Paul Sigel – NY kia Fuentes
Benjamin Sills 438a Monroe St Brooklyn – WW2
Conrad Silverman – kia WW2 – 7006 18th St Brooklyn – survived CoB
Ivan A. Silverman kia Gandesa 4/38– 3397 Blair Dr., LA
Max S. Silverman 30 St Marks Pl., NYC – WW2
Samuel Silverman 1659 Boston Post Rd, Bronx/1468 Wilkins Ave NYC – WW2
Arthur Paul Silverstein 1479 Macomb’s Rd Bronx – WW2
Herbert Simmons – Baltimore kia Belchite 10/37
“Doc” John Leopold Simon – 3510 North 23rd St, Philad.
Sigurd/Sigmund Martin Simonsen – WW2
Bernard Singer kia Ebro 9/38 – 426 Amboy St, Brooklyn
Joseph Martin Sinnot aka Joseph S. Martin – 1, Christopher St NYC
Abraham Sirotof 2921 West 29th St Brooklyn/2812 West 36th St NYC – WW2
Louis Siskin – 367 East 95th St NYC
Abe Yale Stuart aka Skolnick 109 West 112th St/112 109th St NYC/1422 Stebbins Ave, Bronx?
Samuel Slipyem/Slipyan 945 East 181st St NYC – WW2
David Smith Boston, Mass./ 39 Crook Ave Chelsea, Mass
Harold Jacob Smith 9 Main St, San Fran. – died Typhoid Belalcazar 12.7.37
Abe Smorodin 153 Ave B NYC/538 Amboy St Brooklyn – WW2
John W. Snyder – WW2
George Soich – kia Guadalajara 2/37 – 623 Chestnut St Springdale Penn.
Leo Solodkin – 1801 7th Ave NYC – WW2
Herbert B. Solomon – 248 East 7th St, Bronx kia Brunete or CoB 5/37.
Irving Soloway aka Fred Saloway/ Fred Arthur
Pedro Sosnowski – Pol/Argent.
Bunni Sovetski – 3116 S Halstead St., Chic.
Philip Spector kia 3/38 - Bronx
Gustave Sperber aka John Rotte 2704 West 16th Brooklyn
Sanford Sperberg kia
Benjamin Spiesisen - 122 Lewis St NYC
Samuel Spiller – 2804West Lehigh/Leigh Ave, Phil. – WW2
Walter Howard Sprungman – 121 West Grant/Grand St Minneapolis
Zachary Michlin Stadt – 1056 East 24th St Brooklyn
Martin Sramek/Spramek 3185 East 81st St Cleveland
Harry Harris/Hyman Stamler 16 Mclean Ct Boston Mass.
Morris Stamm – 3451 East 117th St, Cleveland
Werner George Stark kia Jarama 2/37
Robert Steck POW – 804 Sutler Ave Brooklyn/Rock Is. Ill. – WW2
Raymond “Spike” Steinbach 2259 Cedar Ave Cleveland/Cole Rd, Golden, NY
Charles Steinberg kia Gandesa 4/38
Harry Jack Steinberg aka Fred Gruff - 21 Covington St, Pitts/Philad.?
Irna Bern Steinberg
Jack Steinberg aka Stein POW – WW2
Emil Karl Steiner kia Jarama 2/37
Aarne Theodore/Ernest Steinman – WW2 – 838 Putnam Ave, Detroit
Samuel Julian Stember – 1500 East 5th St, Brooklyn – 1st commissar of Lincoln’s.
Irma Berm Stenberg 634 East Fordham Rd Bronx
Marvin Stern kia 6/38– 258 West 88th NYC
Jacob Joel Sternbach/Steinbach 4515 43rd Ave, LI, NY -
Milton Stillman – 2759 West 155th Brooklyn – WW2
George Stoiceff kia Belchetie 3/38
Conrad Harry/Henry Stojem/Stojewa aka Reuben Barr - 306 South Figuersa, LA
Louis Stoloff kia Sierra Caballo 9/38– 46 Avenue B, NYC
William Carl Stone aka Fred/Charles Ellis Stone 423 7th St, Rockford, Ill.
Harold Wilhelm Stone 309 Bryant Ave N, Minnieapolis
Hy Stone aka Hershkowitz – Coy Adjutant - cited for bravery, brother of Sam Stone
Joe Stone kia Brunete 7/37 aka Sheer Isaac Hershkowitz
Sgt Sam Wesley Stone aka Hershkowitz – kia Brunete 7/37 – 1 of 3 brothers in Spain; 2nd missing; 3rd Hy Stone (above). San Fran./Garden Plain, Kans.
Sam Straus/Strass 1329 South Independence Blvd., Chic.
Walter Frederick Strauss 233 Lowell Ave, Providence, RI – WW2
Joseph Streisand/Strysand – 16 Goerck St NY/ 351 N Dearborn St Chic., CO’s runner at Jarama – kia Jarama 2/37
Alfred Strom 2418 N Avers Ave, Chic.
Emanuel Strom – 2622 North 75th Ave, Elmwood Park, Ill. – kia Gandesa 4/38
William Bill Susman/Sussman aka Sam/Robert Ellis – WW2
Abraham Susnow/Sasnoff – kia WW2 – 148/234 Glenmore Ave Brooklyn
Milton H. Swartzberg aka Robertson – 431 East 15th St NYC/ 66 5th Ave NYC
Joseph Szerin/Szevin 1018 East 156th St, Bronx
Sandor Szilagyi aka Sailoggi WW2
Hy Herbert L. Tabb aka Herman Tabnik/Talb
Bud Boris Tamler 31 West 110th St NYC/ Denver, Col. – WW2
Joseph Tannenhaus – 302 Owen St, Detroit
Milton Tannenkupf kia – 2056 Grant Ave, NYC
Lt Alfred Leo Tanz – wia Jarama – NY lawyer – Transport and Supply Officer. 1256 East 13th St, Brooklyn/ 1436 R St NW, Washington DC – WW2
Michael T. Tasseff/Tasevic kia Gandesa 4/38
Howard Taub/Toub – 2842 S Alder St, Philad/234 N E 2nd Ave, Miami – WW2
Jack Isidore Taub – 3804 23rd St, San Fran. – kia Gandesa 4/38
Jacob Louis Teiger/Jack Tiger 673 Vanderbilt Ave/ 350 Osborne St, Brooklyn – WW2
Morris Moe Teitelbaum 1339 S Harding Ave, Chic.
Leon Tenor/Tenner POW – 207 West 16th St, 11 Hillside Ave NYC – WW2
Rudolph Tieger – NY kia Jarama 2/37– 208 West 28th St NYC
Robert Tischbiereck kia Gandesa 4/38
Victor Tiship/Tishup 1539 Morris Ave Bronx WW2
Nathan Titleman Camden, NJ – kia Gandesa 4/38
Isadore Tivin – 3134 West 16th St, Chic.
Julius Toab 1123/1206 Poplar St Philad.
Morris Tobman POW – 8758 Bay Parkway Brooklyn WW2
Samuel Coleman Toole aka Loak POW - RFD No.6 Lexington, Ky.
Leon Sloan Torgoff kia Jarama 2/37 – 629 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn
Len Tour aka Coleman
John Toutoloff 37 Green St Valley Stream LI
David Tovsky kia Brunete 7/37 – 1462 Wilkins Ave, Bronx
George Trenkler kia Belchete 3/38 – Brice Museum Cottage, Greenwich, Conn.
Henry Louis Ulanoff/Ulannus
Herman Ungar – 125 East 4th St, NY kia Belchete 3/38
Henry Frederick Unger Luther, Oklahoma
Alvin Van Ausdale – Utah/Sutter Creek, Calif
Steve Varga aka Wargos – Detroit kia Brunete or CoB 5/37
George Lawrence Vinovich kia Gandesa 4/38 - 3804 23rd St, San Fran.
Joseph Vogel 34 Horatio St NYC – WW2
Otto Paul Vogel 2057 Bissell St Chicago
Dr Sydney Leon Vogel – 53 Greenwich Ave NYC – WW2
Erwin E. Wagner 111 W Burnside St, Portland, Or./Yonkers NYC – seaman
Samuel Waitzman 680 East 140th St Bronx/690 East 139th St NYC – WW2
Bror Helmer Wadman 8536 Stoney Is Ave, Chic.
Moses David Walba Boston – kia Brunete 7/37
Leroy Walkoff WW2 – 2626 Frankford Ave, Philad.
Levin Smith Wallace Jr.
Albert Aaron Wallach – believed murdered in Spain during leftist purges – ML archives of the IB box D3 – 226 West 79th St, NYC
Harry Wallach WW2
Hy Wallach POW – WW2
Jesse Wallach 281 West 102nd St NYC – WW2
Bernard Walsh 122 Lexington Ave NYC – WW2
Sam Walters – fought WW2 aka Sam Finkel
Harry Max Wanger 960 Simpson St Bronx
Isadore Wasserstein kia Belchete 3/38 – 2900 Ellis Ave, Chic.
George Watt aka Israel Kwiatkowsky/Kwatt - last USA commissar - Prago - WIA later gunner in a B17 in WW2, shot down and escaped back to UK. 115 Brightwater Ct, Brooklyn.
Robert Rubin Weber – 442 West 23rd NYC
Max Weil kia Gandesa 4/38 – 100 West 88th NYC
Jerry/Gerry Weinberg, aka Warren KIA WW2 – 554 East Parkway Brooklyn
Milton Morris Weiner 1422East 48th St Brooklyn – WW2
John Jacob Weinroth 2256 East 7th St Bronx
Irving Weinshank – 2865 West 36th St, Brooklyn kia Ebro 7/38
Jack Weinstein aka “Kayo”, Brooklyn - kia
Alex Weinerman 1201 Ave K Brooklyn
Harry Oscar Weir kia Gandesa 4/38 – 33 Washington Sq West, NYC
Nathan Weisenfeld aka Neil Wesson 2055 Virginia Park /2061 Pladston Detroit
David Weiss – 3021 Surf Ave, Brooklyn
Henry Nathan Weiss – 8762 117th St, Richmond Hill, Queens NYC
Jack Weis – kia Brunete – 619 Nostrand Ave, Brooklyn
Jacob Weiss – 173 Floyd St, Brooklyn – kia Brunete 7/37
Joseph Weisz kia Belchete 9/37 - 119 East Vernon Highway, Detroit
Martin Weiss – 3211 W. Dakota St, Philad.
Irving Ira Weissmann 63 West 104th St NYC/1922 Orotona Parkway, Milwaukee – Coy. CO – WW2
Saul Lawrence Wellman – Lincoln Commissar - 136 Pulaski St Brooklyn – WW2 wia B of Bulge 1944
Wilbur Ed Wellman 916 7th St Oakland Calif. – WW2
Dave Wellman 136 Pulaski St Brooklyn
Elkan Leon Wendkos – 673 Broadway NY kia Belchete 3/38
Paul Wendorf – 521 West 185th St NY kia Sierra Pandols 8/38
Lawrence Chester Wendroff 2507a North 45th St Milwaukee
Don Rod Wergeles aka Rogers/Niner 5626 Homeside Ave, LA
Milton White – WW2
Robert White aka Porvosnik - LA – kia Gandesa 4/38
Leslie Wiches Dair
Louis Aaron Widder 3717 Broadway Huntington Pk, Calif.
Samuel Widerhorn aka Weissman aka Jack Waters b. 11.8.11 NYC lived 1297 Hor Ave Bronx – WW2
Capt. Wild (?)
Lawrence Arthur Winsheimer 1193 Grandview N Braddock, Pa.
Henry G. Wissman aka Weissman – kia Cordoba 6/37
Isadore Wittels 163 West 80th St NYC
Saul/Sol Wellman - USA - last commissar of the Canadian bat. – Prago – born 1913 New Jersey, machine gun commander, cited for bravery at Belchete.
Major Milton Wolff of 1628 West 5th St / 74 Quentin Rd., Brooklyn - last CO of the Lincoln Bat. and the early Washington Bat. - USA - known as El Lobo, “The Wolf” by the Fascists – trained British Commandos 1939-41 and later fought in OSS in France, Italy, Burma WW2 - photo. PI LSE 25/11/99 – author of “Another Hill”. West Point graduate.
Fish (?) Wolf
Nathan Wolf kia Ebro 29/7/38 aka Julius Heller - 1632 East 18th St, Brooklyn
Bertram D Wolfe - kia
Charles Wolfman – medical team – 34 Attorney St, NYC
Robert Wolk – 410 Est 72nd St, NY kia Jarama 3/37 – one of 1st US volunteers
Eugene Wolman – 925 West 41st Drive, LA kia Brunete 7/37
Morton Wolson – WW2
Seymor Herman Wyckoff/Workoff/Wolcoff NYC – kia Gandesa 4/38
Arnold Wyman 95-32 150th St, Jamaica LI
Harry Israel Yanowsky2825 Malabar St LA/187 Matten Ave, Caldwell, NJ
Jack Harley Yellin 2921 West 31st St/3831 31st St, Brooklyn – WW2
Isaak Yoffee - Israel
Milton Young NYC kia Brunete 7/37
Peter Zaim – carpenter WIA
Stephen Zak 113 East 3rd St/54 1st Ave, NYC
Samuel Zakman 707 East 181st St/2164 Prospect Ave, Bronx
Sol Zalon 291 Crown St Brooklyn
Walter Zalonz/Zaronz/Zaionz 34 McKibben St Brooklyn – executed as POW
Daniel Abraham Zarat aka Jarrett 2125 68th St Brooklyn
Boris William Zaslovsky aka Stencil 3504 Lake Park Ave, Chic.
Joseph T Zawadowski – 3329 S Morgan St Chic.
Frank Ziedman – 50 Chester Ave, Chelsea, Mass.
Albert Ziegler POW
Stephen Charles Zielinski kia 1212, Hudson Blvd., Bayonne, NJ
Mike Zielinski aka Norman Duncan
Harry Zientz 911 S Blvd., Bronx
Robert Zimmer – b. 1916 Croatia – seaman – Artillery in Spain - WW2 US Navy
Charles Lester Zingraf – 4418 N Menard Ave, Chic
Louis Zivin/Zwin/Civin – 1310 N. Washtenaw/4256 Bernard St, Chic
Louis Zlotnik – 1308 N Damen Ave, Chic – WW2
Dr Barski aka Siegfried Beer
Franklin E Bissel
Joseph Richard Chodoff
Lewis/Louis I. Cohen – kia Gandesa 4/38
Jaime de Guzman
Dubois aka Domanski (Polish) - living in France – kia Aug 1937 (ML)
Leo Eloesser – San Fran.
Samuel Nathan Franklin
Marcus Bernard Fried
Abraham Irving Friedman, Little Ferry NJ
Edward Gerchick aka Lewis (IBMT Journal Sept 2019)
Philip Packier Goland
Dr Jacques Grunblatt
Dr Max Langer
William Pike – WW2
Capt. Norman Charles Jacob Rintz/Ritz – 4627 Howell St, Philad.
Dr Robbins – (see Massons 1994 p 342)
Alan Howard Sorrel – 104 2nd Ave NYC
Mark Straus – 1791 Walton Ave NY
Edwin Sherman Weisfield aka Weekfield WW2 – 702 4th St, Seattle
Oscar Israel Weissman 800 Bay Parkway Brooklyn
Louis J. Zauderer – 1083 S Plymouth Blvd., LA
Joseph Highkin – 1, Convent Ave NYC
Jack B. Klein
John Jacob Posner – 127 West 82nd NYC
M. Zachary Stadt
Hilda Bell – 3017 West Fontaine Philad./ NYC
Luba Brisker 106 Peabody St NW Wash., DC – b. 1904 Russia, to USA 1922
Selma Ruth Chadwick – WW2
Lini/Lena Moerkirk de Vries (Fuhr) - Sephardi Dutch - excerpt from her book “Up from the cellar”, Minnieapolis 1979, in ML archives – 425 West 124th St, NYC.
Rose Freed – 307 Berriman St, Brooklyn
Eugenia Grunsky/Gursky – 1405 N. Commerce St, Stockton, Calif.
Morris Balter Kornblum
Grace Berkowitz aka Korkowitz 404 Hart St Brooklyn
Ruth Rebecca Davidow NYC
Ruth Wilson Epstein – 305 East 17th /242 East 19th NYC – b.1906
Dora Ettleson – wife of Abraham – same address
Ena Ferwerda – 64 East 90th St NYC
Harold F Flett
Helen Freeman/Freiman – 597 Ocean Parkway Brooklyn
Rose Sara Goldblatt 440 East 26th St NYC
Mabel Irene Goldin/Spiegel – 230 West 99th St NYC – served all over Spain – and nursed the English ambulance driver Max Cohen, wia – served with Dr Barsky and was injured on active service. Her husband was wia at Ebro and were married Sept 1938 at Mutaro – both served in Resistance in France in WW2. Details in ML.
Anna Goldman (ALBA records)
Fanny Golub 142 east 18th St NYC – WW2
Ray Harris 354 West 18th St NYC c/o Sally Harris Universal Press 724 5th Ave NYC
Hermine Cornelia Pauline Hartman – 3100 Motas Ave, LA
Hannah Hershkowitz – 1184 Cornwell Ave Bronx – died after returning from Spain aged 27 years
Matylda Jankovic – 737 Kelly St, Bronx
Sally Selma Kahn/Cohn – 226 East 12th St, NYC
Bertha F. Kipness – 178 Grand St Brooklyn/Philad.
Morris Kornblum aka Balter
Josefine Kumerova, Czech b. 1907
Clara Leight – 531 East 84 th St, NYC
Faith May/Mable Levine WW2 – 145 East 111th , NYC, b. 1914
Ray Marantz – Palm Springs – served Madrid (ML)
Grace Miriam Margulis – 1410 Arlington Ave St Louis/NYC, b. 25.8.10
Fredericka Imogen Cohen Martin (Dr Barsky’s team) – 46 Copper Sq, NYC
Sonia Merims – 289 Convent Ave NYC
Carol M. Miller
Martha Esther Mitchell – 119 West 57th NYC
George C. Moser
Mary Rader Ochs – 4000, Washington, Chic.
Mary Louise Platkin – 1734 North 11th St, Milwaukee, b. 21.3.01
Hilda Roberts – see VALBA web site
Edna Drabkin Romer – 218 East 20th St NYC
Eli Salem (French) b. 7.9.87
Rebecca Schulman – 2168 77th St Brooklyn
Celia Seborer (Marion) – assistant to Dr Bethune of Blood Transfusion fame – served throughout Spain and diary at ML.
Anne Shuldiner – 131 East 169th St NYC
Esther Miriam Silverstein/Blanc – 538 20th Ave, San Francisco – served with Goldin/Spiegel - was ill on duty and invalided home (ML).
Anna Taft – 1436 Clay Ave, Bronx, b. 1.1.13
Leonora Chandos Temple 432 West 124th St NYC
Rose /Rachel Wachsman/Waxman aka Wexford – 228 East 26th St NYC/132 Atlantic Ave, Delray Beach Florida – WW2
Alice Elizabeth Wagnon Box 387 RFD 4, Seabastoral, Calif., b.20.1.09
Rose Weiner 3540 Roehampton Ave, NYC c/o B Katasik 964 Est 178th St, Bronx; Chief Nurse
Sarah Weisblum/Wajsblum, Polish, b. 17.4.06
Christopher Cross aka Charles Fine – 261 West 22nd St, NYC
Victor Hirschfield – 731 Greenwich St NYC
Matthias Irving Kornell
Carl Rahman 274 East 10th St, NYC
Mrs Evelyn Rahman aka Hamilton/Hutchins - 39 East 10th St NYC
Helene Weissman – George Washington Hotel, NYC
George Zlatovski aka Michaels – 124 West 12th St NYC
Helen Joy Davidson later Gresham – later wife of C S Lewis
Robert Capa aka Freedman b. Hungary lived USA – see Thaelmann section
Emma Goldman – “Red Emma” – aged 67 worked in Spain – on Aragon front twice. Born Kovno 26/6/1869, to USA 1889 – died Canada 18/5/1940
The following stowed away to Spain, in Aug 1938, were caught and imprisoned in France for 2 months and then returned to the USA
Marshall Hartzell, Willam Joseph Hollander, Walter B. Iczek, Bernard Kaplan, Israel Luckonick, Jerome Jospehs aka Gerald McManus, Paul Ulanoff.
Of the approx. 1,500 men in this battalion, there were 58 Canadian Jews (average age 30 years) and 13 American Jews – 71 in all or approx. 5%. Their contribution is fully described in “Canadian Jewish Boys in Spain” by Myron Momryk (unpublished ms 1995) and his “Jewish Volunteers from Canada”, Canadian Jewish Historical Association, Montreal, 1995, but only since the opening of the IB archives in Moscow in 1994 has anything much been discovered about the Jews in the Macpaps, or indeed about this bat at all. Also Goldberg’s “Mit Der Kanader Yiddisher Volunteer fun Shpania” in Der Kamf. All the Canadians were in violation of the Foreign Enlistment Act – designed to prevent Canadians serving in Spain. Many of the Jews assumed aliases (G . Tulchinsky, “Branching Out – The Transformation of the Canadian Jewish Community” Stoddart, 1998). Whereas only 25% of the Battalion were Canadian born, 65% of the Jews (46) among them were Canadian born – and there were, among others - 1 lawyer, 2 doctors, 2 pharmacists, a social worker, a writer, a male nurse as well as an aviation mechanic, a furrier, a miner, 2 students, a musician, a warehouseman, 2 painters, 2 salesmen, 2 clothing workers, a driver, 2 seamen and a barber.
Most left for Spain in Spring/Summer 1937, travelling by bus to Detroit, New York, then Europe, or sailing from Montreal or Quebec City. From Le Havre, they went to Paris, then Spain via the Pyrenees. Eight were non-combatants; seven had military experience including 4 who served with the CEF in WW1 in France. Of those whose fate is known, 20 returned from Spain (17 to Canada and the USA), 2 were POW’s, 8 were WIA – some twice – 8 were KIA and 1 missing. One Rabbi volunteered as chaplain but was turned down, later being minister at the Holy Blossom Synagogue, Toronto.
A memorial to the Macpaps was unveiled in Queen’s Park, Toronto on June 4th 1995.
Samuel Harry Abramson/Abrams/Abrahamson – a Zionist activist, went to Spain in June 1937 as an ambulance driver and corresponded with Hananiah Caiserman of the CJC about life in the IB in Spain (CJC archives ZB S.H.). He reported John McGrandle for anti-Semitism and the man was forced to apologise. Abramson served in US Army in North Africa in WW2.
Illia Elias Aviezora aka Aviezer/Aviezner aka Albert Levson – 1st Canadian KIA in Spain – 22.2.37 at Jarama aged 38 years – from Montreal and NYC and served WW1 CEF.
Jack/John Blanc – served in Israel War of Independence 1948 – killed in Toronto attempting to stop a hold-up in mid-1960’s.
John Oscar Bloom – kia Brunete at Villaneuva de Canada – red head from Edmonton, Alberta – aged 24 years.
Harry Jack Boxer
Kenneth Brotman aka Brown – born 7.12.11, KIA 13.10.37
Alfred “Fredo” Brugera – French Canadian of Jewish origin – friend of Sommerfeld (UK)
Joe Cohen aka Joe Brown
Milton Cohen – probably American – machine gunner
Saul Bernard Cohen – b 22.6.06 – St John New Bruns.
Maurice Constant aka Cohen/Constance – born 1.7.1914 into a middle class family in Toronto, one of five children. Studied at Jarvis Collegiate and University of Toronto (Science 1935) and Canadian OTC, was an athlete and member of the Left – Wing Zionist group Hashomer Hatzair. Got to Spain via Halifax (NS), Liverpool, Le Havre, Paris, Toulouse, Perpignon, Figueras, Barcelona. Was an Infantry Officer with the IB, adjutant with Intelligence Section, and CO of Reconnaisance platoon of the 15th IB. Fought at Brunette, Aragon front, Fuentes de Ebro, and wia at Caspe - eventually evacuated to Canada (interviewed 13.8.1996) after being rescued by the Royal Navy in Feb. 1939. From Waterloo, Ontario.
Pte Michael Stanislaus Devries Canadian Infantry KIA 26/5/44, DCM, b. Holland lived Canada, fought in Spain against Franco (from Canadian Jews at war 1947-8 pub. by Canadian Jewish Congress)
George Edgar – B Columbia – oldest volunteer aged 55yrs. -
Hyman Herman Epstein – born 11.11.14 KIA 30.1.38.
Milton Epstein – prob. American.
Muni Erlick aka Jack Taylor – born Ukraine March 21st 1906, Bessarabia, Paris 1924, Romania 1925, USA 1926 (Detroit), Montreal 1927 working as truck driver and labourer, then for various Jewish Communist organisations. Arrived Spain Dec 1937 as correspondent for “Daily Clarion”. Was liason between the bat.and the Friends of the Bat. in Canada, distributing parcels for example. After Spain (left 22.7.38), interned in Canada and released 4.11.42, he joined the Canadian Army in 1942, and was KIA in the Armoured Corps in Normandy on 20th August 1944, serving in the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders.
Izzy Goldberg aka Joe Budish – fought with the Dimitrov Battalion (Balkan volunteers).
Israel Goldenberg aka Joseph Brudish
Alan Herman-Yermanov aka Ted Alan – writer from Montreal injured in Spain July 1937 and left in Sept. Jewish Canadian author Mordechai Richler dedicated his novel “Joshua Then and Now” to him.
Isaak Ichelson – stowed-away on a ship from Montreal on 13.8.37.
Lazar Jelic - 1901-81 b. Bosnia – miner – lived Winnipeg
Mortimer/Matthew Kosowatsky/Kowalski – aka Jack Steele – after arriving in Spain was recalled to Canada in October 1937, returned in June 1938 and was KIA in August.
J Kaplan – KIA
Joseph Korinski – 57 Champagne Ave, Ontario (?) – POW (ML)
William Krehm – born Toronto 23.11.1913, worked as a translator for the IB in Barcelona but was arrested 15.6.37 by the Communist Party during the internal squabbels and deported on 28.8.37. Later a reporter for Time magazine in Latin America.
Archie/Aaron Kessner – born 8.11.15 – KIA 20.9.38 – believed last American killed
George Kostoff b. 1910(?) Macedonia – artillery wia.
Bert “Yank” Levy – born Hamilton, Ontario 5.10 1897, son of Sam Levy, brought up in Windsor and in Cleveland USA, chauffeur and printer by trade, served Merchant Navy, 39th bat. Jewish Legion 1918 as a machine gunner and boxing champion of 2 batallions (sent home after gas attack and malaria), Mexico 1920-21, gun running to Nicaragua 1926, 6 years in US jail for armed robbery. Husband of Mary Prezenter, father of Mrs Toby Rose. Went to Spain in 1.1.37. Was machine gunner in British bat. In 1937 – POW Jarama 13.2.37 for 6 months – 1st Canadian POW – exchanged for two Italian officers after protest from Canadian government. In 1940 lectured British Home Guard on guerrilla tactics at Osterley Park, was a Canadian Army instructor and wrote the standard book on the subject for US Army Infantry Journal in 1942 (“Guerrilla Warfare”) and trained their Special Forces. Died 2.9.65. Photo BVFL page 208.
Capt. Dr Aaron Magid – Batn. Doctor, extremely tall, born Winnipeg 5.4.1905 – linguist as well as doctor, arrived Spain 25.5.37.
David Mangel – escaped from Spain to North Africa, interned by French and got to Israel to fight in war of Independence. From Toronto.
Jozef Matlak – kia with the Botwins
Benjamin Mezei – with the Botwins
John Miller – WIA Brunete – Coy. Commander
Hyman Thomas Nelson aka Kosmos Stavrous – Vancouver – kia Cuidad de Barcelona
Dr Harry Ostry/Ostrey – served Canadian Army WW2
Marvin Penas/Penas – from Winnipeg
Jack Abie Pascal
Bill Zuken/Ross – prob not in Spain but fought WW2
Russell Ross aka Greenberg wia
Leon Rosenthal aka Carl Nitzberg
Steve Rybac wia
Paul Skup – aka Paul Scott – Toronto - POW
Isaac Schatz from Toronto
Issie Schrenzel – kia Fuentes - CO of no 2 Company
Henry Saul Mayer Shapiro
Arthur Johannes Siven/Seevin
Dr Louis Slotin – from Winnipeg, Chemistry Ph.D, AA gunner in Barcelona.
Morris Staimen/Stam – prob. American
George Sandor Steiner
Samuel Schumack/Szumik – Winnipeg - kia
J B Salsberg
Nathan Titleman – MIA
Alfred Winsky/Vinsky – went to Mexico
Joseph Arnold Winkelman
Edward Zdanowskas – Lithuanian, lived in Canada from about 1928 - POW
Simon Hirschman provided much of the biographical information from his personal experiences and a Latvian language book in his possession published by Liesna publishing in Riga, in 1965 about the volunteers for Spain, many of whom he knew as Jewish. They mainly fought with the Polish Dombrowskis, but like Simon were often merged with other units. Other names are from Diamint’s book. “P” means partisan in WW2. All are from Riga unless otherwise stated.
Ruvin Arch – P
Schlome Arch – P
Marcus Berma – P
Rafa Blum - P
Abram Baron - born 27.7.12 in Daugarpils and at high school was involved in Left Wing politics although his family were wealthy middle class.. He developed a Left Wing library in his home and taught younger students. Was arrested in 1929 and in 1930 moved to Brno in Czechoslovakia. As an active Communist he often crossed into Germany delivering the “Rote Fahne” (Red Flag) newspaper to anti-Nazi groups. He returned to serve in the Latvian army then went back to Brno. He then went to Prague to work and met Michael Shwartz (see below) in 1935. He went to Spain in 1936 with the Czech volunteers and became the post deliverer to the front lines due to his knowledge of Russian, Latvian, Hebrew, Czech, German, French and Spanish! He then joined the Masyryk bat., machine gun coy., and was killed on the Aragon front near Morela
Binun – kia WW2
Moritz Bosner/Basner kia WW2
Peisach Bernshtam – born 1906 in Bausk, Latvia, high school in Riga, studied medicine in Vienna and Paris, graduating 1934. Returned Riga and was an active anti-fascist running a printing press in his flat for 2 years. Negotiated for Latvian comrades to go to Spain in 1936 via Sweden; he went via Tallin in Estonia to Paris with 3 comrades after a group were arrested in Sweden, then Marseilles, then Barcelona in May 1937. (his ship was later torpedoed and 75 comrades killed). At Albacete he was Chief MO of “Gardia Nacional” barracks and with help from the Austrian Brigade he improved the bad conditions there. They examined 2-300 men daily for combat service. He was then sent to the front with 35th Div., 15th Brigade, working in tents close to front line to compensate for lack of ambulances. On Oct 19th was appointed doctor of 59th bat. at Fuente del Ebro front where he evacuated many wounded from the fighting, and again later in Dec from Teruel until Feb 1938. Here there was a terrible flu and dysentery epidemic to cope with as well as wounded and he organised a 50 bed hospital in the town itself using sheets and medicines from destroyed houses and chemist shops. In Feb. he caught flu himself and he had to be evacuated, but returned soon to Seguro de Banecas as he was badly needed. Later he was in Belchite when they had to evacuate all medical units immediately to avoid encirclement. They met a British Lt. who thought they were deserting and he drew his pistol, but Dr B managed to convince him who they really were. In March 1938 they received a call for help from an encircled brigade under Meriman, who had many wounded and little ammunition. Dr B and a driver volunteered to try and break through but the ambulance was hit and they had to crawl back to their lines under heavy fire. As enemy tanks approached they had to retreat to Alcanis and Kaspe, where he met the Latvian anti-tank group! Many more wounded were evacuated by him under intense fire and he was promoted captain. He was soon back at the front line until mid September. In Feb 1939, left for France with the IB where he was “rescued” by the Soviet embassy from a camp. And returned to Moscow on March 18th 1941. Simon Hirschman met Dr B in Riga in 1981, finding him married to a Catalonian woman! They had a son who was a doctor and then all three later returned to live in Barcelona.
Kalman Brod- kia WW2
Boruch Ceitel - born Riga 19.6.08 - studied law at Latvian State University from 1926, learning English at the British Institute. Was active in Left Wing and Jewish politics and arrested in 1928. He later emigrated to Paris where he again studied law and then in 1936 went to Spain with French volunteers joining the Thaelmann Brigade. He was killed in the defence of Madrid.
Chalavin – P
Riva Dora Donda kia WW2 – nurse b. 30.2.04
Moshe Diamint – P
Micha Dubinski – P
Dr Wolf Etchin – P
Ida Eydus – P
Reuven Felss - b. 1914 into a working class family in Krustpils, Latvia. 1929 moved to Riga - He and Sima Fridland met Simon Hirshmann in the anti-Fascist groups of the Jewish Socialists. Volunteerd for Spain 1937 and travelled with Simon Hirshmann, and served with Slav gunners. Eventually evacuated toi Gurs camp in France from where he escaped after two punishing attempts. After many attempts on various ships he got to New York and he was sent home via Siberia by the Latvian Soviet consul, by March 1941. Served on Staff of 29th Soviet Army as a capt. I/c Recce of 44th Guards Rifle Division. After war he and Simon met in Riga and Reuven and children eventually emigrated to Israel.
Ruvin/Robert Fels – journeyed with Simon to Spain – from a wealthy merchants family which spent much time in Moscow as well as Riga.
Daniel Ferber – kia WW2
Chaim Ferber – P
Ruven Ferber – P
Emmanuel Ferber - kia WW2
Zena Fridman – kia WW2
Alexander Ginsburg/Ginssburg – born 17.8.09 in Riga, Latvia – was early on involved in left wing groups and was chairman of the woodworkers union. In 1930 emigrated to Belgium to study Chemistry, then returned to Riga and was arrested eight times! Emigrated to Prague and joined the Czech volunteers in Spain. Sent to Pezorubio officers school and promoted lieutenant (Teniente) and instructor at Madrigeras training centre. He then fought in many battles with the Dombrowski and Masyryk bats. And was commended for courage on the Aragon Front, where he was killed fighting in the rearguard during the retreat.
Zoma Gelbart – P
Mira Gomish/Gamish – P
Frida Marta/Mara (?) Ginsburg – wife of the above, b. 1909 – was a nurse in Spain – was murdered at Ravensbruck by the Nazis in WW2.
Chaim Glasman – kia WW2
Dr Gorinkol – P
Vitali Gotlib – kia WW2
Lev Gutkins aka Brivibas Ienaidnieku Rokas - born 1909 Riga, and studied medicine in Prague and then in 1931 in Turin.. In 1935 returned to Riga as a doctor and in 1938 was doctor to 283 Republican Army Brigade in the Central Front and later with the 4th Valencia bat. After the Republican defeat he suffered terrible experiences not detailed in his biography from S Hirshmann, and in 1943 was in a North African German concentration camp, then prison in Algiers. After WW2 he returned to the Soviet Union working as doctor in Riga.
Micha Gurevitz – Riga
Boris Herzbach – P
Dr Sioma Hirson – P
Maks Hurevitz - Born Polock, Belarus, 1915 and moved to Latvia in 1918. Went to Spain Nov. 1936 and trained as a Sanitario (Red Cross orderly) at Albacete and then posted after one month to Dimitrovs at Jarama on Feb 12th 1937. In April he demanded transfer to the machine gunners and then from July 1st fought at Brunete, being wounded in the back, but stayed in action till July 27th. Then transferred to thr Aragon front and was in the storming of Quinto on Aug 17th, where he was wounded in shoulder and face as a battle observer/spotter. Sent to hospital in Barcelona he lost one eye in Benicasin hospital but went back to bat. on Sept. 23rd, but was allowed only to be stores supervisor due to his wound. As his wounds worsened he was declared unfit but he insisted and was returned to the front yet again! On April 5th 1938 he re-joined machine gunners without permission and took part on Oct 8th in battle of Levante Hill. He then volunteered to join a snatch squad to take fascist prisoners and arms. Finally crossed into France and was at St Cyprien and Vernet camps, and he returned home 11th March 1941. He joined the 1st bat. Workers Guards in Latvia and later the 201 Latvian Rifle Division. He was kia at Staraja Rusa on Leningrad Front in 1942.
Debora Jakobson – P
Mery Jakobson – P
Mira Kretzer kia WW2
Tauba Kapla – P
Chaim Katz –P
Louba Katz – p
Michai Kit – P
Hanna Knok – P
Mira Knok – P
Beny Kreditor – P
Itzik Kriger – P
Leon Kleinman – born Riga 1913 and after college worked in various textile mills as a mechanic. After service in the Latvian artillery, he WALKED to Palestine, being arrested and imprisoned on a number of occasions on the way! He then returned to Latvia as an activist and had to escape to Paris. Then went to fight in Spain in the artillery, withdrew to Gurs at the end of the war, escaped back to Latvia, joining the 1st Soviet tank army, became a major and died of wounds in 1945 fighting the Nazis. In the archive photo he is on the right.
Benjamin Kur - 1908-42 - b. Daugarpils (Latvia) to a working class family and worked Riga - jailed for 4 years for political activity and then emigrated to Czechoslovakia where he spent 3 months in Prague prison. Then moved to Paris from where he volunteered for Spain. His ship was torpedoed off Barcelona by an Italian submarine. Survived and went to the Slav artillery battery with Simon Hirschmann, later becoming an interpreter due to his linguistic skills. Evacuated to Gurs camp in France at war’s end he escaped on March 14th 1939 to Bordeaux and got on a Danish ship. But Denmark was then occupied by Nazis and so he got on a Finnish ship to Drogheda in Ireland and eventually home to Soviet Latvia. He was kia in January 1942 at the village of Luchino near Moscow with the 201st Latvian Rifle Div. in a decisive action where the 201st were given the title “Guards” for their courage there.
Kushak – P
Dr Kulman – P
Katz – kia WW2
Woldemar Kolk – Estonian
Saloman Ksenzov – kia WW2
Sioma Levitan – P
Gershon Lindon – P
Sioma Lindon -P
Tauba Lindon - P
Simon Levinson - born 1906 in Belsk, Belarus - worked as a shop assistant - the went to Brno veterinary institute in Czechoslovakia till 1936 where he became prominent in the Communist Party. 1936, with the 15th IB at Albacete where he met M Schwartz. At the Jarama front, he was involeved in a motor cycle crash and injured. After recuperation, he was sent to the join the cavalry at the Aragon Front, then returned to the 15th in 1938. Again he met Schwartz and his engineers. After the war he was interned in Perpignon and Gurs with Lipkin and other Latvians where the French failed to force them into the Foreign Legion! He was sent to Algiers and liberated by the allies and went back to Russia serving in the Soviet Army.
Vulf Lichter – born Liepaja, Latvia, Dec. 1912, mother a maths teacher. As a teenager was frequently arrested because of left wing views, and family moved to Riga. He then worked in a bicycle factory and in Dec 1936 left for Spain, arriving via Paris in Jan. 1937. (He originally met Simon Hirshman in the Latvian horse-drawn artillery and after the Fascist putsch they were sent to a Labour Bat.). Vulf served in the Edgar Andre bat. of the 11th IB with the Swedish/Norwegian machine gunners. On 20th Feb. they were wiped out and Simon did not find out about his death until after returning to Riga many years after.
Aaron Lipkin – a leading member of the illegal Latvian Society for Political Prisoners, he was arrested and released on bail, when he fled using the name Levinson to Prague via Stettin (Germany) and Tallin (Estonia). From here he was expelled to Austria in May 1936 and then walked via Switzerland to Paris in June, where he lived among other Latvian political refugees. With 20 others he went to join the IB via Bordeaux arriving at Madriguerras, Spain and joined an anti-tank battery in Albacete. In July 1937 he was appointed ADC to Commander Chisba, of the anti-tank regiment and he fought at Villafranca del Castillo, Villanuevos del Pardillo, Villanueva del Candelas, Villamajora (Saragossa) – after which he was promoted sergeant. The he fought at Fuentes del Ebro, Tardientas and was promoted Lieutenant. At the Aragon front he drove a car under very heavy fire to capture ammunition for the battery. On March 16th 1938, he was badly wounded by strafing aircraft and was in five different hospitals for 5 weeks. Whilst on a Red Cross train to Barcelona, it was bombarded and many wounded were killed. Aaron left the train that night and hitch-hiked to Barcelona hospital in his underwear! On getting well, he was sent to officers training at Los Planos then Belsarat with the 13th Brigade. In Jan. 1939 he took part in the defence of the final retreat of the IB from Spain and reached France at Portbo on Feb 9th 1939. Here they were interned in camps at Areles and Jurs and in March 1940 he took part in organised escapes among the Latvian internees. He was re-captured and returned to Vernet then Karpian, from where he got home eventually to his home in Valmiera, Latvia.
Isaak Meterstein – P
Abracha Meyerstein – P
Pavlik Meyorovitsh - P
Jasha Meler – kia WW2
Abracha Naishloss – P
Boris Naishloss – P
Louba Nashatir – P
Iuda Negelov – P
Ossa Pasternak – P
Ida Portnoi – P
Haim Permand – born 1918 in Daujarpils to a working class family, went to Trade school and became a mechanic, and was arrested for political activity in Jan. 1937 and badly beaten and tortured by the police. His parents died and his sister disappeared and nobody knew his whereabouts in a prison for the mentally disabled. Eventually freed by a ruse by a group that befriended political prisoners, he was sent to recover in a hospital in Autumn 1937. Under constant danger of re-arrest he was advised to leave for Sweden but instead went to Spain on 1st June 1938, via Paris.
At Figueras he trained 9 days with the 45th div and was sent to help defend the left flank of the Ebro army and at Tortosa stopped the fascists crossing the Ebro. In August he was with the 14th French Brigade and captured hill 452. Later he was wounded in the head, leg and arm and later again in the side and left for dead. When he came to, he was on the edge of a ravine and hid in some bushes and soon crawled to a First Aid post of the 12th IB (Italian) who sent him to hospital in Barcelona. On 1st Feb 1939 crossed into France with rest of Baltic volunteers to St Cyprien where he met Simon Hirshman for first time since 1932! He was sent home on March 11th 1941 with other Latvians. During WW2 he was adc to the Chief of Staff of the 125th Reg. of 43rd Latvian Guards and after being badly wounded was transported on a sledge by 5 dogs. He was later a Capt. In Soviet Army. In 1946 he started a career as teacher in Technical Education and died in the 1990’s.
Ramon Roberg - Estonian
Tola Rozenblum – P
Dr Brainy Rudina – aka Rodin/Fos-Rodin/ Rodin-Voss aka Marlena Nenadova - born 1902, studied medicine in Vienna, graduated 1927, worked Germany and in Czechoslovakia from 1933. Went to Moscow 1935 and Spain via Yugoslavia in 1936 but was arrested and spent 8 months in jail, reaching Spain in 1938. Was in charge IB hospital at Villanueva de la Hara and later at Sagaro where she was a captain. She returned to Moscow in 1939 and spent the war as a doctor in military hospitals until returning to Riga in 1945. Died 1973. See Yugoslav list?
Dr Miriam Rudina - born 1898 and graduated in medicine from Jena in Germany, working in German clinics. Went to Spain via Paris in 1937 and was in charge of hospitals at Albacete, Sagaro and elsewhere. Promoted to Lt., she then worked through WW2 in evacuation hospitals and returned to Riga 1944.
Capt. Misha/Michael Schwartz/Shvarc- aka Egon Schmit – born Minsk 27.12.03 - engineer from wealthy family, moved to Moscow 1915 as a group of very privilieged Jewish families outside the Pale. Then family moved in 1921 to Daugaupils (Latvia) and Misha went to study in Prague. He was a very active Revolutionary and after graduating in engineering went with wife (Helen) to Riga and arrested without charge 7.11.30, then called up to army after release, arrested twice more after army service and then given permission by Communist Party to go to Czechoslovakia again, then went to Spain in 1936. Arrived Albacete 8.2.37, put in charge later of 15th Brigade Engineers (“Zapadores”). Fought at Jarama and wounded 13th March, then back to the Front May 20th and fought Brunete, Quinto, Belchite, Fuente del Ebro. His unit suffered heavy losses and he was promoted Captain and Commissar at Pozorubio Officer School where he met Simon Hirshman. Lecturers included a Colonel Klaus, one of a small group of anti-Nazi Prussian Officers.
Simon and Misha befriended a pretty Czech woman Vera Mirceva, and all competed at being the best shot - Vera won!! School closed March 1938 and Misha returned to the Front for Ebro crossing, constantly repairing bridges and ferries under intense enemy fire. He was killed August 18th by a shell burst on hill 666 on way to Brigade HQ. Schwartz was also a talented writer and poet, published in Latvia and abroad, including his more famous War Diary, describing his active service with the British, American, Dimitrov and other battalions. This Diary was published in Latvia and Moscow after WW2. A concrete monument still stands at the spot where he was killed in Spain (photo)
Motke Shechtzer - kia WW2
Dr Abram Shalit/Schalit – P – b. Lith. studied medicine in Prague/Milan/Sienna, served Lith. army
Fredy Shantir – P
Lena Shir – P
Itzhok Svetlitzin – P
Zalmen Shneier – kia WW2
Dr Spokoiny – P
Jossif Shyb – kia WW2
Steinfeld – kia WW2
Sara Shvalbe – 1904-66 – Born Daugavpils into a small trader’s family, became a nurse and then studied medicine in Prague and was politically active in the CP; became a doctor in 1934 and worked in Prague University. On Jan 26th 1936 joined the Czech volunteers to Spain reaching Figueras on Jan 29th and then with 400 others to Barcelona – she was the only woman in her group. Sent to hospital at Albacete for two months and then to the 11th German Brigade as doctor, resting after defeating the Italian fascists at Guadaljara. She was given a doctor’s van, ambulance, a Spanish nurse and two Czech drivers with several sanitarios (medical orderlies). She was in action with them at Brunete, Belchite and Quinto. At Brunete she worked in a surgical tent as much equipment was lost or destroyed in the fighting. At Teruel, she worked in a cave right near the front line and at the Ebro assisted in the difficult and dangerous evacuation of the wounded across the river under intense enemy fire from land and air. After the IB was disbanded, she worked in a hospital located in several hotels at Sagaro, Catalonia, on the Mediterranean coast, and met two Jewish colleagues from Latvia, Dr Briny Rudin and Miraim Rudin. In Jan. 1939 they were shelled by warships and evacuated to Sadamente and Sara was in charge ofone of the smaller hospitals. However, as the Republicans retreated towards Port Bou, the IB again reformed to guard the retreat and Sara was involved in moving the wounded under heavy bombardment. In France they were badly treated by the Gendarmes but arrived in Perpignan safely. But there was no hospital available and they were prevented from treating their wounded as nuns took over. Sara was not allowed to return to Latvia for political reasons and the French sent her to a camp near Spain at Orlone. Here she contacted the camo at Gurs and met L Cherwin and B Kur. Only 9 other women were in the camp. Then the Germans invaded France and she fled to Vichy using her Latvian passport to reach the Soviet Embassy (Latvia was now a Soviet province) where she worked as a nurse for a while. When the Soviets broke with Vichy she was arrested and sent to Rienkros camp in the north and imprisoned with French and German Communists. However, the Soviets got her released and she went via Italy, Turkey and USSR, to Moscow! Here she worked in a military hospital until returning to Latvia in 1945.
Mira Schwalbe – P
Aaron Taube – Estonian, only son of a Talin textile factory owner and studied in Paris and Berlin, speaking German, French, Russian and Spanish - yet left all to fight in Spain. Simon Hirshman met him in the camp at Gurs but has never heard of him since.
Esther Tulbovitz – kia WW2
Mona Tankel – P
Sona Tchernak – P
Tchernine – fought in French Resistance and lived in USSR
Tzirilin – kia WW2
Ilya/Ilia Velkov – b. 1909 in Sebe – went with his poor, widowed mother and his brother to Riga in 1916 where he became a shoemaker and joined the illegal YCL. Following various arrests he fled to Moscow and worked in car factory. Then after intensive military training was allowed to go to fight in Spain, via Paris, arriving in Jan. 1937. Then to Valencia and Albacete where he was assigned as gunner to an armoured car with Vily (a German) as commander and Molino (Spanish). They fought in Madrid and Brunete supporting infantry attacks and withdrawals, and Belchite, Quinto, Fuentes del Ebro and Saragossa where they joined tanks. Here they took dangerous mountain tracks and came behind the Fascists, capturing many men and much equipment. Then the cars moved to the Aragon front where Villy was killed by a Moorish sniper. When the IB was disbanded, Ilya arrived in France in Feb. 1939 and then returned to Moscow (all information from translation by Simon Hirshman from the Latvian books on the Spanish Civil War).
Youri Water – kia WW2
Shimon Wapne – P
David Wasserman – P
Eva Wate – P
Bernard Wolkowicz (Lithuanian)
Youra – kia WW2 – from Varklani
Shimon Zachar – kia WW2
Mula Zachar – P
Wolf Zalmanson – kia WW2
Feliks Ziburg – P
Zilberman – kia WW2
Included volunteers from Luxembourg and Holland. Of the 1,600 Belgians, 196 were Jews, many originally from Poland. On Aug 18th 1936, the first French and Belgian Jewish volunteers among the Workers Olympic team arrived in Barcelona. The first French Jewish group of volunteers left Paris for Spain on Aug 8th (DD p33) and the first Parisian kia was Leon Baum. On Sept 11th 1937, a large exhibition in Paris was devoted to the Jewish participation in the IB (DD).
Kalma “Clement” W. (Antwerpen?) b. Silesia 1909
Emile “Tarzan” Ackerman – kia
Israel “Piet” Pierre Ackerman, Anvers – kia
Dr Jacob Arager kia b. Varsovie 12.4.02 – twice wia and then kia tending wounded men
Todor Angeheloff (Bulgarian)
Doctor Jacques “Kuba” Bachrach aka Barron – Latvian, later captain UK Army WW2
Samuel Mulke Bagan – Liege – kia Fuencarral
Leon Baum – kia Irun – 1st IB Casualty (Prago)
Andre Isaac “Lombard” Baumol – shot by Nazis in Grenoble
Jacob Berbee/Jack Perbee
Szmuel “Solek” Berliner
Abraham Motke Maurice Beziner
Szlojme “Chlioma” Bocian - kia
Leon Friedman Bransburg – Argent.
Andre Broda - Commissar
Andor “Bondy” Brunner – kia
Frieda Buchhalter – kia against Nazis
Mordko Bressler – kia against Nazis
Jacques Jacob “Griner” Censor - kia against the Nazis
Chaim Cukier – kia
Natan Czak - kia
August de Block
Lt David Diamint – lost both legs at Jarama
Rene Dillen - Antwerp
Raymond Dispy – Bruxelles
Abraham Ehrenberg born 1909 nr. Wroclaw - artillery
Ruchela “Rachel” Eksztejn
Dr Elie Elbaum
Jajub Fajgelzon born 1910, Warsaw
Ook “Srulek” Feld – wia – internet info. from M A Felsenstein, London
Israel “Josef” Feld
Lajb Szmul Fidel - kia
Chlioma “Mikado” Fridman
Jozef Ghilman – born 1906 in Bessarabia
Charles Louis Glaszer
Jajza “Janina” Goldfinger
Elie “Francois” Goth
Israel Gotlib - kia
Abraham Gotinski/Gostynski – kia
Hesch “Matisch” Grinberg - kia
Motek “Motoush” Grinberg
Simon Grinner (tailor)
Cecile Grunberg, nurse
Dr Joseph Gudys
Dr Suzanne Saloman Gudys
Capt. Boris “Bob” Guimpel – CO 10th bat. “Le Marseillaise” and 35th Division, educated St Cyr Military Academy, architect and 2nd Lt in French Reserve, Paris – WIA - TSD
Jacques “Dolly” Gunzig – kia against the nazis
Jacques Gutman aka Simcha Appel kia
Karol Gutman – 1st CO of Botwins kia Sierra Quemadas – 2/37
Lt. Adolf Goldgewicht, Brussells – deported to Nordhausen and died 3 months after liberation aged 30 years
Henia Henryka Hass-Larsson - nurse
Imre Max Hercz – kia
Maurice Igla – French Resistance
Jacob Insel – murdered by the Nazis
Leon “Lajbusz” Inzelsztein – born 1902 in Wloszczowa, Poland – kia Casa del Campo 1936, CO Franco Belge Bat
Leon Jampolski/Yampolski - wia
Israel “Potty” Katz aka Shepse (?) - kia
Emmanuel Katznelson - kia
Andor Andre Klein – kia against the Nazis
Laszlo Klein - kia
Arpad Kohn – kia
Adolf de Konschegg
Anton Kaltenbrunner – kia against the Nazis
Adele Korn – nurse from Anvers
Anna Korn – nurse from Anvers
Baruch Mordka Kotek – Brussells
Nuchem Michel Kotek, Brussells – kia
Abrasha Krasni aka Krasnowiecki kia
Marguerite Kutme - nurse
Chaim “Szlome” Kutnowski – kia
Leon “Lajbusz” Landau - kia
Marcel Langer – guillotined in Toulouse by Nazis; Chev. Leg. d’Hon; Medal de la Resist. avec rosette
Jean Lamers aged 41
Joseph Leemans b. Verviers 31.01.01, d. 1976 – General Staff IB 1936-7
Matias Lazlo - Hungarian in Belgium (IB archive ML)
Dov Liebermann – ML archive D4
Oswald Litman (Belgian)
Srulek “Georges” Livschitz – kia against the Nazis
Capt. Andre Lorberbaum/Loberbau, Murcia Hospital CO of the Brigade Franco-Belgique
Jules Lubka – kia
Feigla “Vera” Luftig b.1909
Golda Luftig b. 1905
Rachel Luftig 6. 1908 – all three sisters
Nuchem Lypszyc – kia against the Nazis
Charles “Karol” Mancel/Manchel – later French Resistance
Henri Mayerovitch – murdered Paris by Nazis
Dr Anita Mayerowicz
Jozek Mazel kia
Ms Maryska Melon
Nachman Mytnowiecki – kia against the Nazis
Nicolas (Hung.) from Aidincourt
Jacques Jacob Penczyna
Dr. Michel Perilman
Presiler – kia
Adam Raiski – Pole via France to Spain (? IB archive ML)
Dr Zygmunt Rafalowicz
Jacob Rasner - kia
Chaim Rochman (brother of Szaja)
Henri Rol-Tanguy – CO 14th Brig. “La Marseillaise” – wia – WW2 Regional CO FFI Ile de France Resistance 1944-5
Joseph Rormann – kia against the Nazis
Joseph “Beinush” Rajchman – from Roanne
Leon Rubinstein kia
Hersch Reisman - kia
Leon Leib Reis of Anvers – born 1909 East Galicia
Szaja (Charles) Rochman, Brussells, wia, Belgian commander, murdered Mathausen 1943
Hersz Sapin – brother of Micha
Lt Col Marc/Marcel Sagnier – constructiion worker and French Army NCO, CO 14th Brigade, Commune de Paris - wia
Hermann Scheerboom - Dutch
Emile Schneiberg – kia 21.2.37 at Brunete aged 23 years – batn. CO – “B15B”
Karol Charles Schmidt – kia against the Nazis
Soltysik/aka Soltyczk - kia
Micha “Mojzesz” Spira/Sapir – KIA (IB archive ML) – commander of the Botwins.
Francois Spira - nurse
Maks Meier Stark – born 1907 eats Galicia - kia
Alexandre Strausz – kia against the Nazis
Henri Szulevic (LBYB)
Elie Shapiro kia
Georges Soria – war correspondent
Bela Spitzer - kia
Isidore Sabor Springer – kia against the Nazis
Chilek “Chil” Szraga
Moszek “Moniek” Szafran - kia
Pinkus Szydlower – kia against the Nazis
Leon Leibel Tigier aka Gordon
Touchschneider kia Jarama
“Lucien” Nusen Vaiser b. Eupen 26.2.10
Dr Jean Valery aka Wainberg
Harry van Loon - Dutch
Lucien Vidal (Gaymunn? Gayman?) - Commisar
Jake Visser - Holland
Civja “Cyla” Vospe
Nechemjasz “Leo” Wachter
Mendel Weintraub aka Max Lieger of Liege – kia
Simone Weil – French philosopher AND Auscwitz survivor (JC obit. 30/12/05)
Bruno Weingast – kia against the Nazis
Joseph Mendel Weisblum
Sandor Weiss – kia against the Nazis – Hungarian aka Istvan Molnar
Jouska Joseph Weisz
Josef Zalcsztejn, Warsaw
Estera “Estucha” Zilberberg
Hersz Zimmerman – kia against the Nazis
SWEDEN – Sure Sachnowitz – typographer – b. Stockholm 23/2/20 – in Spain 8/37 to 3/38
Named after the Bulgarian international Socialist, this group contained fighters from Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and other nations; mostly Sephardim; 7 were kia (2 Bulgarian) and 6 wia (2 Bulgarian); 11 died in the Yugoslav Resistance against the Nazis. Of the Yugoslavs, 11 were labourers, 5 students, 4 doctors, 2 nurses, 2 businessmen, 2 journalists and one office worker; 29 were men and 5 were women. These numbers are almost certainly a vast underestimate.
Yugoslavs and others
Albert Radonovic Abinun, b 1913 Sarajevo, Djakovic Brig., POW till 1943, agricultural engineer aged 34
Salomon Albahari, aka Josif Ivanovic - b 1915 Sarajevo, kia in WW2 in partisans
Isaac Altaratz/Altarac, b. 1910 kia 1941
Reuben Abramov aka Gen Miguel Gomez – Bulgarian
Rolf Ahron – from Tel-Aviv – see Martin below
Haim Athias/Atijas b 1912, wia Ebro
Isaac/Isa A. Baruch b 1913, electrician, Djakovic Brig., twice wia and then kia Central front
Jacob Salamon Baruch b 1914 Sarajevo, journalist and labourer, anti-tank gunner, kia WW2 Yugoslav partisans
Silvio Baruch b. 1900 Sarajevo, kia Aragon
Lt. Andre Basch/Bas, artillery – h. of Anna Maria – murdered by Gestapo WW2 French Resistance
Anna Maria Basch – b 1883, nurse
Capt Dr Imre Basch – b 1905, died in Soviet prison 1942
Janos Jean Basch son of Andre and Anna, b 1916, “Anna Pauker” artillery batt., fought in Belgian Resistance WW2
Dr Imre Beer
Dr Rosa Berger - Czech
Alfred Bergman – b 1901, businessman, kia WW2 Yugoslav partisans
Otto “Merin” Bihalfa/Bihalji b 1904 fought Yugoslav partisans WW2
Dr Adela Anka Bohumincka (Arca Poca?) – b. 1905
Mirko Jakob Dojht b 1906 businessman, fought in French Army WW2
Robert Domany/Domani - aka Vladimir Ivanovitch b 1908 kia Yugoslav partisans Apl. 1942
Velimir Dreschler/Dreksler aka Marco Peric b 1914 fought in Yugoslav partisans
Joseph Edenhoffer – Czech ambulance driver (ML)
Eisig – see Martin below.
Elias “Ilija” Engels/Engl, aka Ilya Anazic - b 1912 wia/kia Sarajevo partisans 1941
Fajerbach - Polish national
Dr Josef Faerber – Czech dentist b. 1909
Peter Fried/Friedberg/Friedmann – German kia at Brunete rescuing a wounded comrade – see Martin below
Beno Fischer b 1901 kia Ebro
Ivan Fischer kia Ebro 1938
Dr.Carl Fodor b 1900 d. Prague 1947
Dr Braina Fos-Rudin, wife Alfred Bergman
Jakov Greenstein – Polish national
Matija Gros kia Murcia 1938
“Dolly” Jacques Gunzig – Czech
Rachel “Roushka” Gunzig – Czech medic.
Capt. Dr Joseph Hauptman, b 1910, French maquis and Yugoslav Army d. 1973
Dr Edit Jugerman
Dr Volf Jungerman
Major Commissar Kagan – “B15B” – CO Dacovic bat. – wia Brunete 6/37
Lt Col Hans Kahle - senior German Officer – had been Lt in German army WW1, CO 45th Division in Spain – after Spain was interned in UK by British and deported to Canada - later lived as police officer in East Germany (SH letter) – died 1947(?)
Knessel – “B15B”
Lt Alcalay Samuel Kamchi b 1911, forester, wia/kia
Arthur Kerschner/Kersner b 1912 Djakovic bat., kia Penamara
Lea Kraus b 1914, nurse, fought in French Resistance
Dr Major Francisek Hans Kriegel – Chief MO 45th Div. IB – later Deputy PM Czech. until Soviet takeover – PI Len Crome – also fought in China against Japanese and was in Dubcek Cabinet 1968.
Samuel Lehrer, aka Voja Todorovic - b 1914, artillery, Yugoslav partisans
Ivan Loebel/Lebl, b 1912, Djakovic bat., interned by Nazis, died USSr in Nikolaievski
Bela Lustig – Hung. wia
Velimir Majder, wia, partisan commander Yugoslavia WW2
David Martin/Ludwig Detsinyi – born 1915 Hungary – author of “My Strange Friend”, where he names many Jewish fighters – lived Germany, Holland and Israel then UK after WW2, then Australia. He wrote that some Palestinian Jews were with the Tchapaiev bat. of the 13th Brigade and five he knew were kia but cannot recall names. As a trained medical navy man from Palestine Plugath Ha Yam, he became a medical orderly with 15th Lincolns
Moshe Menachem Pappo, b 1915, hairdresser, French Resistance, kia against Nazis 1943
Janos Posner, Czech
Vilko Pressburger b 1906, salesman, kia Belchite Sept 1937
Andrija Preger kia Albacete
Leonard Pivok – Polish national
Maurice Simon (Bulgaria) (ML).
Andre Simon – murdered after Slansky trial 1952
Maria Schneimann/Sneeman, b 1896, w. of Steinmacher, died WW2
Dr Dobrila Siljak-Hauptman
Doctor Otto Sling – murdered after Slansky trial 1952
Sigismund Statler, b 1914, wia Aragon, murdered by Ustachi in Zagreb 1941
Drago Steinberger b 1916, office worker, artillery, kia Yugoslav partisans WW2 against Chetniks
Moses Spiro, Polish national – kia with Polish partisans 1943
Cornelia Popovic-Szende, b 1914, nurse, tortured to death in Yugoslav Resistance Aug 1941
Arthur Weidman kia Teruel (in above book).
Gerhard Weiss, aka Stevan Petrovic - b 1914, kia Belgrade April 1941
Jaques Achere – b Bourgas 1892, journalist, radio broadcaster in Barcelona, d .March 1939
Lt. Leon Anavi – b Plovdiv 1912 – kia 1937
Yako Assa Sami – b. Kustendil 1901 – artillery, wia, WW2 French Army and Resistance
Nissim Barouch – b. Sofia 1888 – fate unknown
Victor Barouch-Mevorach – b. Sofia 1914 – kia
Isaac Bechmoarach – b Varna 1889, military adviser to 4th Corps
Karl Beredjik – b. Sofia 1903, died Paris 1946 (?)
David Davidoff – b Sofia 1903 – wia Ebro, went to live in Argentina
Harry Echkenazi – b Sofia 1912, lived later in Belgium
Iossif Eliezer Iossifoff – b Plovdiv 1914 – fate unknown
Dr Yanto Davido Kaneti – b Kasanlik 1912, served throughout war and later went to China as doctor against the Japanese. Lived in Bulgaria.
Sarah Kovo – b Istambul 1904, correspondent and nurse, died Paris 1939
Cesar Kovo – brother of Sarah, b Sofia 1912, wia Guadalajara, lived in Paris
Roubene Avramov Levy – b Samokov 1900 – condemned to death by Bulgarians as a revolutionary, went to Russia 1925. Inspector General of Commissars in Spain, afterwards Bulgarian MP.
Robert Echoua Melamed – b Slivene 1914, artillery, French Resistance WW2, returned to Sofia.
Gabriel Morvay - Czech
Isaac Mochev – b Sofia 1903 – artillery, French Army WW2, POW, returned Sofia.
Dr Leo Schwarz
David Nathan Solomonoff - b Plovdid 1910, went to Israel
Wladislaus Weiss - Czech
I am greatly indebted to Hans Landauer of the Vienna Documentation Centre for so generously supplying me with further details on more than one hundred Austrian Jewish veterans.
Fritz Adler – fate unknown
Ignaz Bauer – kia
Mme Dr Fritzi Brauner nee Riesel – b. 16.4.11 Artzin – lived Schottenfeldgasse 5, Vienna 7 -
Dr Alfred Brauner b. 3.7.10 Elsasser, husband of Fritzi
Mme Herta Bren - kia
Emmanuel Edel – b. 26.6.10 Vienna - fought in Free French Forces as Roger Dumaine, 1945 lived Yugoslavia – died 1992
Walter Freudman - b. 5.10.15 Vienna, lived Glassergasse 19, Vienna 9 – fled to UK, then worked as doctor in China
Alfred Gold – b. 6.5.04 Vienna Lazarettgasse 12/12 Vienna 9, via Drancy deported to Auschwitz convoy 42, and murdered.
Mme Anja Hammermann b. 7.3.07 Drohobyez, feld to England and after WW2 to Yugoslavia – lived Israel 8, Joseph St., Haifa
Mme August/Gusti Jirku - b. 22. 8.90, Seidengasse 14, Vienna 7
Dr Hans Kaiser - b.15.6.09 Seegasse 21/6, Vienna 9 - after Spain fled to Uk and died 1941
Mme Mimi Karner
Mme Edith Kent - nee Marcuse 17.11.08 Hanover - later worked in China
Heinrich Kent aka Markus aka Karner - b. 4.7.10 Weitmosergasse 3, Vienna 3 -, then served in China and died in Vienna in 1961
Franz Landsberg kia
Hans Landsberg – b. 10.2.12 Grose-Stadtgutgasse 7, Vienna 2 – fled to England and lived in Conn., USA in 1990
Karl Langer – b.11.1.07, Erdbergstarsse 67, Vienna 3
Marie Langer nee Manovil –b. Glas 31.8.10 – fled to England
Doctor Max Julien Langer – husband of Marie.
Mme Rangun kia
Heinrich Ranzenhofer – engineer – b. 3.2.96 Perinetgasse 1, Vienna 20
Dr August Teiteibaum
Medical Support Teams
Juliane Baranay kia
Anni Edel nee Schwartz– nurse b. Vienna 2.6.12 – escaped to UK 1939 then Yugoslvia 1945 to live
Minna Ender nee Guth
Melanie Ernst nee Grunberg aka Emma Bachmayer/Melitta Gruber - b. 4.4.93 Cernowitz, lived Johnstrasse 52, Vienna 15 – deported to Ravensbruck 1943, died Vienna 8.3.49
Gusti Gunsberg kia
Mara Maria Gunsberg kia
Lotte Kohn kia
Antonia Kopp kia
Eva Korcak/Korciak b. 1904 kia
Rudolfine Josefine Kostler
Anni Moldauer – nurse b.11.2.18 Rembradtstrasse 30 Vienna 2 - fled to UK
Anni Peczenig - b. Sofia 9.2.11 – deported Ravensbruck and murdered Buchenwald 1944
Margot Sylvia Spindler kia
Gundl/Gundula Steinmetz b. 25.6.16 – fought with Belgian Resistance
Josef Adler b. 8.10.00 – perished via Drancy to Auschwitz on convoy 25, Aug 28th 1942
Egon Altmann kia
Isaak Alzufrom b. 1910 – to Israel – POW St Cyprien 2/39
Capt. Arthur Atlas kia – b. 24.7.01 - 8/5 Volkertplatz, Vienna 2
Rudolf Franz “Fabian” Auerhahn – journalist b. 8.6.02 in Graz, kia 20.9.38 at Sierra de la Vall de la Torre
Norbert Herman “Endler” Badian b. 5.10.1895 in Brody – lived Obere Donaustr 6, Vienna, 2 – POW North Africa and freed by Poles WW2 – d.13.3.71 Austria
Siegfried Badian b. 18.1.04 – dentist - fought in Red Army WW2 – d. May 1990 Austria
Ilse Barea-Kulczan nee Pollack – b. 20.9.02 Vienna, wife of Arturo – lived UK working fir BBC radio, died Austria 1.1.73
Friedrich Bayer kia
Steffi Bauer nee Kanagur – b. 23.4.13 Tarnow, lived Margaretenstrasse 82 Vienna 5, died 1992 Vienna.
Leon Bauer – Coy. Secretary educated France – TSD.
Ludwig Luzi Beer – b. 27.3.19 – Rudolfinergasse 8, Vienna 19 – Austrian underground in WW2, murederd by nazis at Dachau 20.9.44.
Lt. Ignatz Phillip Bendiner – b. 10.6.11 Graz, Griesgasse 24 – deported Dachau 20.6.44, liberated at Bad Tolz, lived France.
Abraham Berger kia – b. 16.11.02 Posiczna, Ukraine – lived Tempelgasse 3/15 Vienna 2 – with partisans in Yugoslavia, lived Vienna
Alexander Gandi Bielewicz
Charlotte Bindel aka Lilly Stern – b. 22.1.08 – lived Schreigasse 2, Vienna 2 -
Alfred Brandeis b. 6.9.10 lived - Custozzagasse 2 Vienna 2.
Bruno Benno Brecher b. 11.6.06 Romergasse 72, Vienna 16 - kia
Jacob Cohen – Turkish
Ernst Cohen - Greek
Franz Dahlern LBYB
Alexandro Dendel – Hung. POW
General Dr Julius Deutsch – b. 2.2.1884 Lackenbach - one of the leaders of the 1934 Schutzbubd uprising against Fascist Dolfuss regime – a Founder of the Austrian Social Democratic party – TSD died 16.1.78 in Vienna
Renee Durmayer b. 30.8.07 Vienna nee Lelewer – nurse, fought in Free French Army – died Austria
Jan Eisner - Czech
Karl Ellenbogen b. Innsbruck 30.4.17, lived Kaiserstarsse 107, Vienna 7 - kia
Leo Engelmann – b. Vienna 30.9.14, POW North Africa, liberated and served British Pioneer Corps, joined Soviet partisans and kia 1.4.45
Hermann Falkner kia
Lajos Falusi – electrician b. 23.3.07 Vienna – went to Palestine 1936 then to Spain, POW North Africa, British Pioneer Corps, Red Army, returned Austria.
Hans Feiertag kia
Georg Schurl Feigel kia
Koppel Fiderer – b. Tluste 17.2.09, cartographer in Czech Repub., fought in French Resistance, Toulouse.
Moritz Moses Fisch kia – b. Kopyozynce 12.6.10, lived 1/19 Karl-Meisslstrasse, Vienna (?)
Arnold Flesicher b. 26.8.1888
Walter Fleischer/Fleischner – b.5.10.15 Vienna, Taborstrasse 14, Vienna 2 – lived in UK and then returned to Austria after WW2.
Alfred Frank kia
Karl Frank kia
Siegfried Fritz Freitag kia
Jakob Freund kia
Paul Freund kia
Lt. Walter Friedmann confectioner, b. Vienna 13.11.09 at Konstantingasse 4/3 - kia 31.3.38
Franz Frisch kia
Johann Fuchs kia
Otto Fuchs kia
Egon Furst, clerk, b. 6.6.12 lived Vienna at Hasnerstrasse 105 – kia Ebro Sept. 1938
Nikolaus Gal - b. Budapest 18.1.15, lived Heiligenstadterstrasse 82/17/9, Vienna 19, fought with French Army WW2, POW Stalag 11B till March 1945, died Oct 1991.
Jomisius Gold kia
Otto Goldstaub kia
Elias Goth kia
Herbert Gottlieb kia
Ignace Walter Greif b. Vienna 30.6.11 Zittenhofergasse 8 Vienna 7 – worked as a foreign worker alias Alfons Muller, but was sent to Auschwitz and murdered.
Jacob Grossbard/Grossbart warehouseman, b. 4.10.05 Vienna – Vorgartenstrasse 188, Vienna 2 -
Theodore Grunspan-Gruber b. Vienna 23.8.04 - Glasergasse 9.
Frank Leo Gunzer kia
Heinrich Guenzer, labourer aged 33
Julius Gunser aka Martin Flohr aka Gustav Meyer - b. Vienna 6.12.10 Taborstrasse 14, Vienna 2 – survived posing as foreign worker in Austria but was eventually deported to Mathausen.
Dr Felix Gutfeld b. Vienna 28.4.93 Glatzgasse 4/15 Vienna 19 - kia Jarama 20.2.37
August Gutman b. 4.8.94, deported to Auschwitz Convoy 75
Alfred Gutmann kia
Fritz Guttmann murdered by Nazis – fate unknown
Max Gutschein, photographer aged 23
Siegfried Guttmann kia
Walter Haider/Heider mechanic b. Vienna 6.1.11, Margaretengurdel 134, Vienna 5 – died in Terezin camp.
Walter Spuli Hajek textile technician b. Vienna 2.3.11, Wahringerstrasse 125/1/13- posed as a foreign worker in WW2 but murdered Dachau 28.3.45
Julius Halpern - carpenter b. Vienna 12.4.11 Stumpergase 16 Vienna 6 – was in Dachau and Buchenwald but fled after to England
Fritz Hamburger kia
Wilhelm Harriberg, labourer aged 45 – South African/British wia
Dr Friedrich Hautmann b. Vienna 8.11.90 Grohrmuhlgasse 38, Wiener Neustadt – later worked in Congo, Africa
Phillip Hecht civil servant, b. 20.1.05
Capt Rudolf Heinmisch, b. Frankenberg Austria
Otto Heller aka Raymond Brunet – writer b. Vienna 14.12.97, interpreter in Lille, deported to Mathausen and Auschwitz, died 25.3.45
Peter Heller writer b. Vienna 6.11.05, Johann Strasse 42, Vienna 4 – served US Army WW2
Dr Walter Heller - b. 2.11.06, Bernardgasse 35, Vienna 7 - medical student
Oskar Hock aka Bernhard Schein kia
Gerhard Hoffman b 9.6.17, Firmianigasse 34 Vienna 13
Wolfgang Hoffmann - seaman - b 23.5.12 - (address obscured) - deported to Dachau and Gross-Rosen and died 11.3.42
Dr Otto Hoffman-Ostenhof aka Otto Biach - university Prof. Biochemistry - 18.10.14 - 14.10 92
Nikolaus Hollander - b. 16.11.97, Tyrol - painter
Paul Jellinek – shopkeeper - b. 17.4.10, Keilgasse 7/18 Vienna 3 - anti-aircraft gunner - deported to Auschwitz and Buchenwald - liberated 1945
Siegfried Jurmann - b.20.1.15, Castellezgasse 2, Vienna 2 - lived New York
Leopold Kallina kia
Dr Sigmund Kennedy Kanagur - journalist - b 12.10.09 Paelosiow, interned North Africa, liberated and joined British Pioneer Corps, then the US Army, then OSS in Italy and Austria. During WW2.
Karl Kaspar aka Zimmermann – leatherworker - b. 21.2.12 Bockhgasse 2/4/8 Vienna 12 - Commissar kia Teruel Jan. 1938
Josef Katz kia
Alexander Kerzenbaum kia
Franz Kerzner, Hung., chauffeur aged 38
Leopold Knopp - b. 14.2.07 Grunetorgasse 31 Vienna 9 - Commissar, fled to France and England and later returned to Austria
Viktor Stein Koblicek
Leopold Kohn kia - jouirnalist
Robert Kohn kia - engineer - b.8.3.18 Obere-Donaustrasse 45a Vienna 2 - tank driver - Landauer says fled to France and deported to Auschwitz but survived, died Vienna 1990.
Walter Kohn kia - electrician b. 5.5.08 Graz - POW North Africa. Liberated and Landauer says went to Russia, then returning to Austria.
Georges Kopp kia
Kurt Koppel kia - b. 18.4.15 Baumgasse 54/16, Oroszvar - may have been a Getsapo agent!!
Kurt Kruh – book-keeper - b. 10.5/6.10 Amerlinggasse 1, Vienna 6 - later fled to England and Sweden
Norbert Kugler kia
Ernst Kupferstein - born Vienna 1914 and reached Spain via Palestine and later went to Russia.
Kurt Landau kia - b. 29.1.03 Vienna
Siegmund Lang kia
Sioma Lechtman – mechanic b. 1.8.16 Ybbsstrasse 28 Vienna 2, deported and murdered in Auschwitz
Samuel Lifschitz aka Karl Lechner kia
Martin Lobel kia
Robert Loffler kia
“Raberger” Lowe kia
Theodor Arthur Malcher
David Mangel – Czech - b. 10.9.90 – lived 75 Bordens St Toronto, Canada
Dr Herbert Manovil – lawyer – b. Graz 9.10.06, Tempelgasse 7, Vienna 2 – kia Jarama
Josef Mark kia
Josef Meisel aka Josef Born aka Raymond Mesmer – carpenter b. 18.4.11 Wagg-Neustadt – fought in the Maquis in WW2 – survived Auschwitz
Josef Mendel kia
Hans Menzel kia
Max Salomon Mordechai – b. 11.9.11 Czerningasse 8 Vienna 2 - lived USA
Hans Nass – shopkeeper b. 15.9.03 Hauptstrasse 14/2/2/37a Vienna 17 – fled to UK, Canada and served in US Army 1945-46
Hans Helmut Neumann – student – b. 30.9.14, Mariahilfestrasse 99, Vienna 6
Alfred Gottfried “Red” Ochshorn - student b. 6.4.15 Grosse Sperlgasse 37/12 Vienna 2 – murdered Mathausen 20.10.43
Josef Pasternak – lived USA
Hermann Peczenik – writer b. 27.1.10 Cjomikowka lived Plenergasse 24 Vienna 18 – Commissar – murdered in Auschwitz
Kurt Politzer kia
Dora Quinton – nurse – fled to UK
Josef Rath kia
Hans Rauch kia
Hermann Rein kia
Marinus Richel – Dutch POW
Viktor Roll – shop keeper – b.28.7.11 Langegasse 53 Vienna 8 – lost arm in action – fled to UK
Louis Roth kia
Kurt Roth b. 20.7.20 Obere-Donaustrasse 45/2/2/23 Vienna 2 – fled to UK
Siegmund Roth father of Kurt – b. 6.6.92 Lemberg – same address as Kurt
Arthur Rubner – civil servant b. 24.6.80 Untere-Viaduktgasse 3/1/15 Vienna 3 -
Erich Sachslad – Yugos.
Paul Salzer/Selzer from Vienna kia Romanillo
Robert Salzer – student - b. 9.11.18 Pyrkegasse 13 Vienna 19 - kia
Samuel Salzmann – tailor b. 28.11.09 Grosse Mohrengasse 34 Vienna 2
Karl Saul – Vienna kia Teruel
Hans Scheifele kia
Bernhard Schein aka Oscar Hock – leather worker b. 21.7.09 Mortaraplatz 20, Vienna – deported to Stutthof and murdered Flossenburg 5.7.42
Heinrich Schiffer kia
Gerti Schindel - b. 5.1.13 Schuttelstrasse 93/14 Vienna
Thomas Schocken kia
Hans Schorr – murdered Auschwitz
Fritz Friedrich Schreiber
Bezalel Schwager - b. 21.7.08 Husiatyn, Galicia – son of Abraham and Gittel (murdered in Holocaust) and hus. of Irma Wieselberg, father of Monika and Ernst – fought in French Resistance and in Yugoslavia – became police officer in Austria after war
Josef Schwarz kia
Leo Schwartz kia
Richard Sehr – shoemaker - b. 24.3.07 Universumstrasse 34 Vienna 20 – fought with Maquis and died in Israel 1987.
Albert Selin kia
Lt . Ferdinand Selinger kia – b. Unterholz, Carinthia
Otto Selinger kia
Adolf Sieder - brother of Josef – kia Pozo Blanco, Cordoba
Josef “Spuli” Sieder kia – student - b.12.4.18 Vienna – fought in Maginot line with French army 1940 and Maquis. Deported Stutthof-Natzweiler and murdered Belsen 20.1.45.
Dr Oskar/Osias Sigall - surgeon – b. Tarnopol 31.12.89 lived Linz -
Robert Singer – baker b. 22.5.00 in Innsbruck and Vienna Untere-Augartenstrasse 35 – lived Austria post-war
Harry Spiegel – student b. 18.11.10 Bennogasse 30/2/12, Vienna 8 – fought in French Resistance.
Hans Spielmann – tailor - b. 13.12.14 Graz, Annenstrasse 34 – deported Buchenwald and murdered Auschwitz
Leopold Spira - student b. 2.5.13 Myrthengasse 12 Vienna 7 son of Emil (1875-1938) and Doris (1877-1954 in Cleveland) and brother of Emma Karoline Plank, US child psychologist - fled to UK and married 1940 to Eva Zerner (b.1921) children Toni Elizabeth and Liesl Margaret Nitsch.
Caesar Spitzer kia
Egon Steiner – student b. 22.6.16 Ausstellungsstrasse 1/11 Vienna 2 – survived Auschwitz and Ravensbruck
Siegmund Steiner/Heiner via Israel - kia
Max Stern – b. 3.10.03 in Switzerland
Michael Sternberg kia
Egon Steiner kia
Egon Suess kia Gandesa 1.8.38 – leatherworker b. 8.7.09 Vienna
Friedrich Stricker kia
Max Strommer kia
Albert Tekanjer kia
Ludwig Thorn b. 3.6.17
Janus Toth – Hung. POW
Dr Max Umschweif – survived Dachau and Buchenwald – died 1986
Walter Wachs – b. 2.8.13 – POW N Africa and then joined British Army and fought in Jugoslavia.
Major Hugo Wittmann kia – aka Buschmann – CO 1st bat. Edgar Andre
Hans Zipper aka Viktor Muller aka Schuster b. 24.10.12 Resistance, deported Gross-Rossen and murdered Flossenburg 28.3.45
Luigi Longo (LBYB) aka Gallo, Inspector General of the IB; one of original founders of the IB
Dr George Schon, Hungarian national living in Italy, later interned at Gurs, went to live in China and returned to Hungasry in 1950’s – letter from niece Linda Wilkins in Australia
Vittorio Vidali – aka Commandante Carlos – founder and CO of Quinto Regimento – 1906-83
(NB several also fought for Franco!!)
Most detail is from the MML. The first group of 60 arrived and fought on 17th Nov 1936 (DD p34). Between 350-500 fought (mostly in the Botwins) and c. 70 were kia and a further 50 kia in WW2. There s a JNF Forest in Israel in their memory. Measured as numbers in the proportion of the population of any nation that sent volunteers to the IB, the Israelis were the largest national contingent in the IB in Spain.
Robert Aquist - Coy. Commander KIA – married an English nurse, Patricia Darton, who sadly died in Madrid in 1996 when attending the 60th anniversary commemoration
Trojan Haim Adler – Dizengoff, Tel-Aviv
Daniel Abramovicz - KIA 1938 Gandesa
Sonia Antler-Zeidman, Toulouse Resistance
Max Amram – kia by Nazis WW2 - aka Moshe Aram
Arie Baker, mechanic aged 26
Capt Misha Bron aka “Michal” – Ops officer 129th Brigade
Dr Fina Bronstein
Dr Pini Bronstein
Ariyeh “Liova” Bursuk kia Ebro
Israel Center b. Poland 25.12.98
Haim Ekstein kia Estramadura
Chaim Elkon – kia Aug 1936
Rubin Eliasz Erlich aka Elie – b. Klobuck, moved to Palestine, died of wounds Estramadura 16.2.38
Joseph Farber – fought in Resistance at Auschwitz.
“Arab” Fawzi (?)
Yehezchiel Fikkur – b. Poland, lived Israel (Haifa) – air force mechanic
Moshe Fuks kia WW2
Jonas Geduldig – shot by the Nazis
Cypora Gillert (?) - nurse
Ze’ev Gotesman, kia Toulouse French Resistance
Gotlib, murdered by Gestapo Paris 1944
Dr Fernand Grossfeld
Aharon Arnold Guinsberg
Moise Maurice Haft
Yacov Hariri “Kiru”
Dr Yosef Heller
Ari (Henry) Hollender b. Berlin 28/12/17
Jechok Joffe/Ioffe/Charles Joseph – Major - kia Valesquillo – from Haifa
David “Dodo” Kamy aka Kamenomotsky – aka “Camille” - Russian adjt. to 15th brigade, via Belgium – engineer, emigrated to Palestine, served WW2 in French Army, winning Cr. de Guerre avec palme and Red Orchestra – captured and murdered by Nazis in Belgium – TSD.
Morris Kawer – also with Mac-paps
Isaac Korin kia
David/Judko Karon/ Korin/Korenbaum b. Poland 29/9/15, died Israel 10/2001 – lived in Israel from 1931, fought with Dombrowskis in Spain – fought in Israel’s War of Independence, founder Kibbutz Kfar Menachem where he died.
Arie Lev aka Moishe Goy
Nurse Dora Levin aka Birnbach
Simon Lipschitz – wia repat. London 12/38
Ms Ruth Fideli/Maliniak
Dr Anita Meyerovitch
Mordechai/Mark/Marx Milman/Millman – kia at Ebro – CO Palestine contingent
Isaac Meirovici (Rumanian) POW 1938-43 in Spain
D Milgrom (Polish)
Maurice Najman – pilot
Rice Oringer (Histadrut member)
David Ostrovsky later French Resistance, died 2005
Jaques Penczyna - one of 13 members of Palestine Jewish Hapoel who fought in Barcelona in June 1936; they were in Spain for the Workers’ Olympiad, a protest against the official Nazi Berlin Olympics; when hostilities began they joined the Barcelona Militia - Prago and JWC.
Yehezkiel Pikar – Haifa – pilot – Andre Malraux Sqdn., (Prago) – later fought Israel war of Independence
Alfred Rotaru aka Rosenberg
Boris Dov Rudayev
Major Valter Roman – b. Rumania - CO of all IB artillery
Elie Salomon – from LEBANON
Nicolas Sama - POW France 2/39
Samuel Segal – Sivkin St 26, Tel-Aviv – served UK Army WW2
Samuel Stamler kia
Rachel/Rochelle “Angelka” Schwartzman
Samuel Smuel (?)
David Smulevich – fought in Resistance at Auschwitz
M L Solomon
Marcel “Koth” Szteranzis
Max Maciej Technitchek – Czech Coy., Polish origin
Emile Urmish kia Ebro
Nachum Weiss – kia Nov 1936
Isidore “Ernst” Wolfson
Bernard Wolkas/Volkas – Kovno, Lithuanian, b 1916, went to Palestine 1934, went by Paris and Marseilles on SS Ciudad Barcelona, torpedoed 30.5.37 by Italian submarine, only 3 survivors out of 56 volunteers aboard, including Wolkas who later lived in the USA, Isaac Kupietz and Abe Osheroff of the USA. Was in the artillery of the IB, wia, fought with Soviet partisans and Paras in WW2, POW and survived Auschwitz (Resistance group) and Buchenwald (DD p393-4) – lived California.
Zelman/Zalman Saltzman/Zaltsman died 2005 – US Army WW2 – led Israeli SCW Veterans association
Samuel Zoltan kia French Resistance
Feivl Zavodnik aka Bar Akiva
JEWS FROM MOROCCO (from Nanterre University Archives, Paris)
Isaac Achidjar, artllery
Simon Dahan, artillery
Robert Maroch, Pilot
These names are from Diamint’s book.
Oscar Abramovich kia
Hans Arbore aka Sternschuss
Dr Leo Arco (Russia)
Jacob Aronovitch (Russia)
Gabriel Axel/Axler – kia
Olga Bancic – VALBA web site
Casimir Bodeon – kia
Aron Boguslavski - kia
Albert Brefman – kia
Dr Buca (Russia)
Ladislas Citron aka Mexique
Iosif Condero kia
Iacob Crasnov – Russia
Pavel Critescu aka Kleinman
I. Felix kia
Albert Finkelstein kia
Maximilian Fridman/Friedman kia
Isaac Gelbruch kia
Ariol Gershman - Russia
Carol Goldstein kia
Michal Grinberg – Russia
Usher Grinspan kia
Urel Grofaru aka Tehapaiev
Iasha Gutman – Russia
Dr David Iancu/Jancu
Iancu Iankelevitch kia
Petru Iosif aka Brauchfeld
Bera Iurgroi kia
Ali Kelmer kia
I. Kilimnik – Russia
Severin Kilmayer kia
Buke Kleinn aka Marcu
Alexander Lazar kia
Leon Lebelsohn kia
Alexander Levoi kia
S Livshitz USA
Bercu Loseanu kia
Mihail Lungu aka Micha Vechter
Adalbert Mandel kia
Manole H. Manole (Russia)
Vladimir Mazepa kia
Isaac Mera aka Mayerovich
Saloman Michail aka Israel
David Mihail aka Veisbuch
Petru Mihaleanu aka Hershkovitch
Horia Moldoveanu aka Lazarovitch
Ionel Munteanu aka Iancu Goldstein
Aron Nice (French)
Ricu Ogareanu aka Israel Oringer
Capt. Dr Michal Perelman/Perilmann – studeid medicine Toulon/Paris
Elie Rapport (French)
Ladislau Rosenberg kia
Ion Sakelarie aka Schenker
Emil Schneiberg kia 2/37 – CO 15 bat. 6’ieme Fevrier
Samuel Schreier kia
Zoltan Simion kia
Moshe Spiro b. 1911 – kia Polish partisans 1943
Petre Sutchiu aka Scherf
Avsic Naum Svet (Russia)
Rene Tailer (France)
Josef Tchatchma (Russia)
Alexander Tcheresnies (Hungary)
Dr Hermina Tismeneanu
Dr Anna Tudiker
Abram Veissman (Russia)
Meyer Veksler kia
Rossilca Veksman (Russia)
L Weksler – kia French Resistance
Francois/Francisc Wolf kia aka Joseph Boczow, kia French Resistance 21.7.44
Iancu Zilberman kia
Zigmund Zonnreich kia
Approx 500 IBers were from German speaking countries, many already having been in Nazi camps and were later murdered after the war in Spain when they fought in the Resistance in various countries. They have in many cases left no trace except their index cards in Soviet and Gestapo records. Many were in fact the first defenders of the Republic as they had gone to live in Spain from Nazi Germany or Austria and fought with the first of the international combat units, Gruppe Thaelmann – but as 14 of the 18 founders were Jews it was known as the Judische Gruppe Thaelmann, founded 24 July 1936 in Barcelona and first went into battle 22 Aug at Saragossa! As with many other Ibers, many also fought in the Resistance Groups in WW2.
Many of the names come from Diamant’s book (see introduction) but others have been added by a list supplied by Fred Dellheim in Germany, from which Sydney Goldberg of AJEX UK helped pick out Jewish names. This is not the most accurate way of finding the Jewish fighters from Germany but the the only recourse given we have no information on religious affiliation except from Diamant.
Jacob Altmaier - born 23/11/1889 Florsheim, Iron Cross WW1, correspondent in Spain and WW2 in Cairo, W. German MP, helped with Germany-Israel Treaty 1952, died Bonn 8.2.63
Herman Haim Adler
Leopold Bauer b. Skalat 18.12.12
Wolf Bayn/Bayan – Ex 11th Brigade – POW France 13/38 – came from Israel
Hans Beimler b. Munich 2/7/95 – Commisar, ex-German MP, escaped Nazi camp, kia Madrid – founder of 1st Thaelman centurion 1936
Dr Gotz Bobby Berger – b. Berlin 26/1/05.
Rudolf Bergmann b. Essen 28.02.08
Willy Bick b. Essen 1.12.03
Peter Blachstein – writer and journalist – b. Dresden 30.4.1911, Socialist – Zionist arrested 1934 Hohenstein concentration camp,, via Oslo to Spain 1936 with Willy Brandt and Max Diamant, became a Lieutenant at front, escaped to Sweden via France, then returned to germany in 1947, MP and Ambassador to Yugoslavia – died Hamburg 4.10.77.
Dr Gunter Bodek – b Berlin 7/5/1895, WW1 veteran, fled to Spain 1933,, i/c military hospital Benicassim, killed 26.6.37.
Mrs G Kathe Bodek – was with husb. in Spain working in an orphanage and escaped later to Mexico with her children where she died in 1981.
Heinrich Brandes b. Salzwedel 31.10.11
Walter Breitfeld b. Meinersdorf 5.12.03
Alfred Cahn b. Koln 15.12.18/ 25.2.18?
Robert Capa – aka Andrei Friedmann b. Budapest 1913 – came to Berlin 1931 as a photographer, then fled to Paris where he married the Jewish Gerta Pohorylle aka Gerta Taro b. Lemberg Poland 1911. She invented his name Capa. Gerta was kia at Brunete aged 26 years. After Spain Capa worked in China and with the US army in WW2 from Tunisia to Paris and Berlin – then to Russia, Israel (1948 War) and was killed in Vietnam on 25.5.54 by a mine.
Henri Cohen b Melilla 13.7.20
Dr Ernest Cohn b. Koln 1901
Fritz David b.Berlin 7.10.15
Max Diamint/Diamant – writer and journalist b. Lodz 3.8.08
Julius Deutsch – b. 2/2/1889 Lackenbach, Austria, studied Zurich,officer WW1 Austro-Hungary army, Ministry of Defence, fled to Prague 1933, went to Spain and became a general commanding coastal defences No 3 Div., Spanish Army. 1939 helped form Austrian bat. in French army, fled USA 1941, returned Austria 1946, died 17.1.68 in Vienna (see Austrian section) . Son Gustav murdered by Stalin 1939.
Jacob Donaer b. Schnappach 11/10/00
Arthur Dorf b. Barmen 17/7/08 – Commisar 11th brig.
Carl Einstein – b. Karlsruhe 26/4 1895 or 85, fled to France, to Spain 1936 with wife, fought with the anarchists, interned Argeles. When Germans occupied France he committed suicide.
Mrs C Einstein – wife of above.
Melanie Ernst – nee Weinberger – b. Czernowitz 4.4.1893, aka Emma Backmayer arrested by Swiss for smuggling hundreds of Volunteers in to Spain.
Lt. Herman L. Feld – b. Berlin 21/2/1914, family in Dachau/Buchenwald, murdered Auschwitz; brother Siegfried fled to UK and fought in British army throughout war in Guards, died aged 36 years. Hermann became a British pilot and then fought in Republic’s Espana Squadron commanded by Andre Malraux. He was acting cmdr No 2 Sqdn. of 30 Group flying Natasha aircraft. Kia 5/6/June 1937 at Quintanar saving the life of cmdr. Sabate by drawing fire from Italian Fiat aircraft.
Simon Feldmann b. Dresden 1.5.13
Bruno Frei - writer and journalist
Dr Liesl Freund
Max “Mackie” Friedemann – born Orsey, Ruhr 13.2.1905, settled in Barcelona, built and was second i/c of all communications/signals in Spanish army. As Commandant Francois Heuze he was a combat leader in French Resistance WW2 and became Sec of State for Mining in GDR post war – died 10.11.86
Thea Friedemann b. Orsey 10.10.06
Haydu Friedemann b. Orsey
Golda Friedemann b. Dabrova 1.7.07 – wife of Max also fought with him in Spain and France. Married Spanish Front 1936!
Edgar Ginsberger b. Pforzheim 18.8.11
Max Goldberger b.Vienna 12.8.04
Werner Goldenberg b. Dusseldorf 18.12.13/17.7.13
Julius Kurt Goldstein b.Dortmund 3.11.14 – Auschwitz survivor
Gottfried Grunberg b. Beuthen 29.5.89
Elsa Grunstein nee Spiegel
Herbert Grunstein b. Erfurt 27.7.12
Siegfried Arnold Gutman
Harry Heffeld/Helfeldt aged 33 wia
Dr Werner/Gustav Heilbrunn – kia MO 45th Div.
Otto Heller – b. Brun 1897 – WW1 Lt. – Spain 1936 and WW2 French Resistance as Raymond Brunet – captured 1943 and murdered Ebensee camp 1945.
Stefan Heym – writer and journalist
Herbert Hirsch -Hoffman
Otto Albert Hirschmann b. Berlin 7.4.15
Georg Hornstein – b. 1900 Berlin, officer German army 1918 - Coy Cmdr 11th Thalmann Brig. Wia 8.7.1937, fled to Amsterdam 1941 and arrested by Gestapo his statement being the only one extant of an interview of a Jewish German Resistance fighter – ending in Buchenwald he was murdered 3.9.42.
Heinrich Jacobs b. Volklingen 7.2.15
Fritz Jensen – aka Frederick Jerusalem b. Prague 26/12/1903 – Chief MO 13th Brigade and in 1938 Chief MO main hospital at Benicassim – 1939 went to work for Red Cross in China against Japan, married, returned to Vienna 1948, killed in an air crash 1955 on way to 3rd World Meeting in Indonesia.
Max Kahane b. Hanover 31.1.10
Rudi Kampf student aged 32 years b. Dresden 22.12.19
Dr Friedl Kassowitz – b. Toplitz-Schonau 1907 – German army service, defended Ernst Thalmann in German court, 1937 – in Spain was Lt. comm No 3 Coy 10th bat. 14th Brigade, kia Navalperal 4/7/37
Frieda Kantorowitsch b. Gottingen 18.6.05
Alfred Kantorowicz – writer and journalist b. Berlin 12.8.99.
Karl Katzenberger b. Remscheid 1907/9?
Max Katzenellenbogen b. Berlin
Prof. Dr Alfred Katzenstein b. Monchen-Gladbach 16.5.15
Florentin Koester metallurgist aged 35
David Kohn – b. Vienna, arrested for smuggling volunteers into Spain
Dr Bedrich Kisch
Egon Erwin Kisch – writer and journalist ( Czech brothers)
Leo Kneler b. Warsaw 12.12.02
Erich Knobloch b. Coblenz
Fritz Kohn b. Flensburg 26.6.01
Dr Heinz Kohn
Karl Kormes (ML – O’Riordan)
Norbert Kugler – b 10.4.1906 Schonen- Spain 1936 via France – in 11th Thalmann Brig. at Madrid, Boadilla, Las Rosas, Jarama, Guadalajara, Teruel, Ebro – promoted staff officer 45th Div. Married Mira (a nurse) in 1938 in Spain – French Resistance cmdr. In Lyon area – returned GDR and imprisoned 5 years – died Berlin 4.5.82.
Mira Kugler – wife of Norbert – nee Bromer b. Lodz 30.4.1914 - served in Spain and French Resistance with her husband.
Erich Kurschiniski b. Gera 25.12.83
Paul Langer, mechanic
Richard Lehmas/Lehmann b. Jankendorf 12.4.11
August Levin/Lewin b. Loitz 25.5.95
Dr Fritz Lewy
Karl Heinz Lichtenstein b. Berlin 1.12.17
Kurt Lichenstein b. Berlin 1.12.11
E Lieber – later served UK Forcs WW2
Dr Bernhard (Benko) Littwack/Litwak – b Ortelsburg 1902 – doctor in “Red” Moabit hospital in Berlin, much hated by Nazis – fled to Belgrade with wife Eva then to Spain – Lt and Chief MO No.1 hospital Albacete - with Eva as nurse – fled to France and survived Drancy and Blechhammer camps - wife and child also survive Harz mtns camps. Feld to GDR, then fled to Frankfurt after Slansky trials in Prague.
Dr. Eva Littwack – wife of above.
Josef Lorschneider b. Saarbrucken 2.9.99
Franz Loewenstein b. Berlin
Hans Loewy b. Hamburg 12.12.99
Hilda Loner/Cahn b. Berlin 26.7.09
Adolph Low, later served French Foreign Legion died 11/11/2002 aged 97 yrs
Dr Charlotte Margolin
Herman Mayer b. Ludwigsburg 6.12.06
Dr Ursula Mayer
Karl Merkel b. Saarbrucken 21.1.03
Rudolf Michaelis b. Leipzig 31.3.07
Alfred Neuman b. Berlin 15.12.09
Arthur Neumann b. Obersdorf 24.10.99
Erich Neumann b Berlin 3.4.08
Erich Neumann b. Berlin
Oskar Neumann b. Golle 28.7.03
Paul Neumann b. Sangerhausen 18.4. 06
Siegmund Neumann b. Tarnow 14.2.07
Walter Neumann b. Nieder-Ingelheim 23.10.05
Dr Rudof Neumann – b. 1899 Berlin – fled to France and then was a Chief MO and founder in Spain of the IB– then to USA and then GDR as Minister of Health – died Berlin 1962.
Hans Rauch b. Mainz 11.11.14
Heinz Rauch b. Leipzig 23.12.14
Jacob Rauch b. Przemys, Pol. – 20.9.97
Georg Reisner – b Breslau 9.12.1911 – worked Spain as photographer, arrested 1937, interned France, committed suicide.
Ruth Rewald b. Berlin 5.6.06 - married to Hans Schaul (below) – arrested with daughter Anja 17.7.42 and murdered in Auschwitz.
Willi Rewald – nurse – b.1.11.04
Hermann Rudkowsky b.Leipzig/Grajewo, Poland – 20.7.04
Arno Rudkowsky b. Grajewo, Poland – 20.6.10
Dr Fritz Salaman
Rudolf Salomon b. Homburg 21.1.14
Dr Hans Salomon b. Berlin 25.3.90 – served as a doctor in WW1
Prof. Hans Schaul – journalist and writer – b. Frankfurt 13.12.1905 – photographer pupil of Capa in Spain – later returned to GDR.
Kurt Scheffler b. Leipzig 3.3.08
Leo Schein b. Sonnefeld 2.3.84
Walter Scherf b. Lobtau 4 .8.02
Otto Schmuek/Schmuck b. Woerth 12.12.98
Anna Seghers – writer and journalist
Tilly Speigel - b. 10.12 1906 Nowosielice, Romania – brought up in Vienna – arrested for smuggling hundreds of volunteers into Spain.
Hans Stark b. Heilbron 2.3.12
Fred Stark – Swiss??
Wolfgang Stern – younger brother of Gen Manfred Stern – also Red Army WW2 – returned Poland after war.
Dr Leo Stern – brother of Wolfgang – b. Woloka 27.3.1901 – then after taught in Moscow Univ. - Col in Red Army in Austria.
Kurt Stern – b. Berlin 18.9.1907 – Commissar in Spain and lived in GDR
Manfred Stern b. Woloka 20.1.96
Max Stern – b Vienna 1903 – aka Otto Glaser – commander of Transport of 11th Brig. – Soviet partisan WW2 – lived Vienna.
Walter Stern b. Bochum
Wolf Stern b. Woloka
Dr August Stettenbaum
David Szymin aka David “Chim” Seymour – b. Poland 1911 and worked in Spain as photographer – then WW2 in US army and killed at Suez in 1956. Close friend of Capa/Friedmann (see Thaelmann)
Gerta Taro aka Pohorylles – wife of Capa – kia Brunete b. Leipzig 1.8.11
Dr Joseph Toch (Austria) – b. 10.3.08, fled to UK
Son of Joseph Toch – Prago - kia
Peter Triersheidt, metallurgist aged 40 – b. Dusseldorf
Victor Toulman (Hungarian)
Capt Traulitz (Austrian)
Kurt Vogel b. Potsdam 3.2.10
Johann Weiss b. Lambo
Bruno Wolf b. Berlin 22.7.07
Johann Wolf b. Neunkirchen
Gen Mate Zalka aka Paul Lucacs/Lukacz aka Kemeny – b. Rumania - fought as officer Austro-Hungarian army WW1, captured by Russians and then fought in Red Army against Whites – comdr. 12th Garibaldi Brig. and 45th Div – kia 11.6.1937 near Huesca.
General Wilhelm Zaisser aka Gomez b. Germany
Dr Rudolf Zuckermann b.Wuppertal 2.10.10
The following names have been taken from lists of medical personnel who served with the Republican Forces, kept at the Archivo Generale Militar de Avila, in Spain, supplied to the author by James Carmody. The Nationalities are not known. Also helpful was a privately published memorial book by Prof M. Kremer of Israel, on his uncle, Dr D Tallenberg, kia
Dr Herbert Baer
Dr Walter Blank
Dr Nelson Boch
Dr Rolf Becker
Dr Pierre Blin
Dr Hanna Boehme
Dr Fritz Eckert
Dr Samuel Flato
Dr Manuel Flato
Dr Victor Gross
Dr Alexander Hart from UK, b Fiesole, Italy
David Kraus b. Poland 1906
Dr Alexander Langer
Dr Max Laufer
Dr Eugen Neumann
Dr Maurice Segal
Dr Sandor Tuchman
Dr Desire David Thalenberg/Tallenberg – MO129th Brig – POW, executed.
Dr Zendeck Wiesner
Albine Wiesner (wife)
The following names come from the list of approx. 1600 contained in the final volume of “Spanja”, from page 505, published in Belgrade in 1971, and consulted at the MML, about Yugoslavs who fought against Franco. These are in addition to the Dimitrovs listed by Diamint (above) and are only inspired guesses by the author using the surnames.
Emil Belin Belino b. 1909 – aka Emilio Bellen? Miner? – b. Fiume/Italy 1902? – perhaps kia Spain – son of Leone.
Rudolf Berger b. 1885
Dzozef Josip Berkovic (Majer) b. 1885
Lazar Bukovic b. 1896
Jovan/John Centor b. 1906
Anton Cimerman b. 1911
Havi Con b. 1905
Karmelo de Leo (Leon-Djovani Karnio Cernais) – Italian b. 1916
Aleksa Demnijevski (Sergije Bauman) b. 1905
Egon Erlih b. 1913
Frank Govnic b. 1905
Karel Haz/Hatz aka Hose Lopez Moreno/Sergej Kozlov b. 1898
Milan Isakov b. 1911
Josip Jakopovic (Josko Stranic) b. 1903 – Croatian Canadian kia Aragon
Franjo Jakovsic/Jakovcic b. 1902
Mato Jakovcic b. 1902
Viktor Jazbinsek (Antonio Lopez) aka Robert Reiner b. 1903
Lazar Jelic b. 1901
Mate Jelic b. 1884
Mitan Jeroncic aka Mile Koren b. 1912
Adolf Kittl b. 1908
George Koslov b. 1909
Lea Kraus b. 1914 Zagreb, medical student
Martin Kuzman b. 1919
Stefan Laski/Lasic b. 1914
Franc Lazar/Koroser b. 1906 kia Belchite 8/37
Friedrich Lehmann b. 1895 Berlin
Jozef Lisinski b.1903
Lazar Mirkovic b.1910 kia Madrid 20/11/36
Fridrich Pinter b. 1903
Karl Pinter/Pintar b. 1909
Andrija Preger b.1908
Vilko Presburger b 1906 Zagreb
Karol Preminger/Predniger b 1907
Maks Puskin b 1901
Anton/Tone Rancinger/Franc Stajn b 1910
Franc Rozman b 1912
Juraj Rozman b 1908
Albin Salomon b 1904
Stanislav Stanko Salomon b 1920
Julius Sol b 1893
Drago Adolf Stajnberger b 1916
Sigismund Bobi Stetler b 1914
Izidor Strok b 1911
Adam Strumberger (Mihail Mojsejenko Romanic) b 1900 kia 22/11/36 Casa del Campo
Vojo (Samuel Lener) Todorovic b 1914