K. Alex Muller is a Swiss physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1987.
Muller was born in Basel, Switzerland and lived in Austria temporarily as a child. He earned his undergraduate degree and Ph.D. at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich. After this he joined the Battelle Memorial Institute in Geneva and became a lecturer at the University of Zurich. He spent most of his career at the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in Ruschlikon while keeping his affiliation and leturing at the University of Zurich.
He has received honorary degrees from the Technical University of Munich, the Univesity of Geneva and the University of Pavia.
Muller won the Nobel Prize in 1987 for his and Georg Bednorz's discovery of substances that became superconductive at high temperature. They have the distinction of the shortest distance between their discovery and the awarding of the Nobel Prize for it in history.