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HULL, seaport in N.E. England. According to an absurd 19th-century forgery, David de *Pomis settled here in 1599. A community was organized in the last quarter of the 18th century, a deconsecrated Catholic chapel serving as the first synagogue. In the 19th century, Hull was the principal British port of entry from northern Europe. Large numbers of Jewish immigrants landed there, necessitating the foundation of a second synagogue in 1886 and a third in 1902. Both of the old synagogues had to be rebuilt after having been destroyed in World War II. Numerous charitable organizations also grew up. In 1968 the community was said to number approximately 2,500, and, in the mid-1990s, about 1,120. The 2001 census revealed 670 declared Jews in Hull, which contained an Orthodox and Reform synagogue.


C. Roth, Rise of Provincial Jewry (1950), 70f.; Lehmann, Nova Bibl, index; J. Lewenstein, Story of the Hull Western Synagogue (1953); L. Rosen, Short History of the Jewish Community in Hull (1956); Finestein, in: Gates of Zion, 11 no. 4 (1957), 7–13; JYB (1969). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Finestein, "The Jews in Hull between 1766 and 1830," in: JHSET, 35 (1998), 33–92.